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 David Hare  (1917 - 1992)

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Lived/Active: New York/Wyoming      Known for: sculptor-surreal forms, collage

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Ad Code: 3
David Hare
from Auction House Records.
Untitled (Couple)
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
David Hare, a surrealist and abstract-expressionist sculptor and photographer, was born in New York City March 10, 1917. From 1936 to 1937 he studied biology and chemistry at Bard College in Annandale-on-Hudson, New York. He had no formal training in art but began by experimenting. He took up photography in the 1930s, and by the end of the decade was working in color. The Walker Galleries in New York exhibited his photographs in 1939.

In the late 1930s, he was commissioned by New York's American Museum of Natural History to document the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico. Twenty images were published in 1940 in portfolio form through the complicated color-dye-transfer process.

By this time, Hare had developed an automatist process of photographic image-making, which was dubbed "heatage" by the gallery owner Sidney Janis (an unfixed negative from an 8-by-10-inch plate was heated from below, causing the emulsion, and thus the image, to melt and flow).

During the early 1940s, a time when he was closely involved with the emigre Surrealists in New York, Hare made his first sculpture, using wire and feathers. Experimenting with plaster, wax, cast bronze and stone, Hare developed forms that were visual analogues to portmanteau words. Taking two or three objects, one of which was usually a human form, Hare combined them into a hybrid entity that revealed characteristics of all its component parts ("Suicide," 1946, Chicago National Bank).

From 1941 to 1944 Hare founded and edited the surrealist magazine vvv with Andre Breton, Marcel Duchamp, and Max Ernst. Peggy Guggenheim presented solo shows of Hare's work in her Art of This Century Gallery from 1944 to 1947. In 1948 he was a founding member, together with William Baziotes, Robert Motherwell, and Mark Rothko, of The Subjects of the Artist school in New York and he became friendly with Jean Paul Sarte.

This same year he moved to Paris, where he met Balthus, Victor Brauner, Alberto Giacometti, and Pablo Picasso. He returned to New York in 1953 but spent the next two summers in Paris. Upon his return to the United States, Hare began to use steel rods melted and poured into plaster molds, and to make sculptures incorporating metal sprayed with a gun, as in "Sunrise" (1955, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York). Hare intensified the experimental approach, inventively devising multi-media combinations such as steel with alabaster. There, he also began his figure and landscape series, in which many materials interpenetrate to create connected images of rocks, plants, sky and celestial bodies.

A mythological series begun in the late 1950s developed into the "Chronos" series of drawings, collages, paintings, and sculpture, which was the subject of a solo exhibition at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in 1977. Hare's sculpture began to combine metal, Plexiglas, sand and polyurethane.

Hare was included in the Sao Paulo Bienal of 1951 and 1957, and in 1958 he received a sculpture commission for the Uris building at 750 Third Avenue, New York. Hare began to concentrate on painting in the 1960s. From the mid-1960s into the 1970s Hare held teaching positions at the Philadelphia College of Art, the University of Oregon, Eugene, and the Tamarind Institute at the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. He was included in the Dada, Surrealism, and Their Heritage exhibition of 1968 at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. The following year he received an honorary doctorate from the Maryland Institute of Art, Baltimore. In 1977 he was included in Dada and Surrealism Revisited at the Hayward Gallery, London, and in 1978 he showed in American Painting of the 1970s at the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo.

Hare died on December 21, 1992, in Jackson Hole, Wyoming.

Matthew Baigell, "Dictionary of American Artists"
Elizabeth C. Childs, "Peggy Guggenheim Collection"
Peter Falk, "Who Was Who in American Art"

Biography from Shippee Fine Art:
David Hare, surrealist painter, sculptor, and photographer, was born in New York City and attended schools in New York, Colorado, California, and New Mexico. In 1940, he opened a commercial photography studio in New York, and the following year, an exhibition of his photographs was held at the Julien Levy Gallery.

He published a portfolio of twenty photographs titled "Pueblo Indians of New Mexico as They Are Today," with an introduction by Dr. Clark Wissler for the American Museum of Natural History.

From 1942 to 1944, he was editor of VVV, Surrealist magazine in collaboration with Andre Breton, Marcel Duchamp, and Max Ernst. In succeeding years, he exhibited his work in a number of prestigious venues including the Museum of Modern Art, Peggy Guggenheim's Art of This Century Gallery, and the San Francisco Museum of Art.

He lived in Paris from 1948 to 1953, and then returned to a studio in New York City until 1985. Many of his summers he spent in Wyoming and East Hampton, New York. He also spent several years as a visiting artist-in-residence, including the Isaac Delgado Museum of Art in New Orleans, 1964; the Philadelphia College of Art from 1964 to '65; and the Maryland Institute in Baltimore, 1967-1968.

Exhibitions of special note were: "Dada, Surrealism and Their Heritage" at the Museum of Modern Art and the "Cronus" series at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York.

In 1985, he moved to Victor, Idaho, and in 1992, he died in Jackson Hole, Wyoming.

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David Hare is also mentioned in these AskART essays:
Abstract Expressionism

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