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 Glenn (Glen) Cooper Henshaw  (1880 - 1946)

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Lived/Active: New York/Indiana/Maryland      Known for: landscape, portrait and urban view painting

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Glen Cooper Henshaw
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This biography from the Archives of AskART:

Glen Cooper Henshaw

Henshaw, born in Windfall, Indiana on 8 August 1880 (reportedly as Hinshaw), was a descendant of Francis Scott Key.  At the John Herron School of Art in Indianapolis he studied under Otto Stark, J. Ottis Adams and William Forsyth.  After a year in Germany with Carl von Marr, Henshaw went to Paris.  Although he enrolled in the Académie Julian and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Henshaw was attracted to impressionism.  In London, he was commissioned to execute portraits and illustrations.  Back in America, he established studios in New York and Indianapolis and in 1912 he painted a portrait of James Whitcomb Riley.  Henshaw received praise from the art critic Joseph Lewis French in 1914, who admired how the artist strictly followed his own vision.  Apparently, the name Henshaw was associated with good taste, for French declared, “To own a ‘Henshaw,’ even one of the smaller examples, was something that those in the know in New York had long coveted” (French, 1914).  In addition, Henshaw was praised in International Studio (Harrington, 1917).  He exhibited his works at the Corcoran Gallery, the Brooklyn Museum, and elsewhere.  Around 1930, Henshaw moved to Baltimore where he developed an affinity for Edgar Allan Poe: “his paintings tended toward the fantastic as he experimented with hidden images and double faces” (Letsinger-Miller, 1994, p. 172).

In 1941, Henshaw, now out of favor with critics who had been swayed by modernism, returned to his Indiana roots, moving to Nashville.  Local critics supported his art, which, for them, represented a defense of beauty against the overall threat of the avant-garde.  Upon his death, it was decided to make his gallery in the Odd Fellows Building in Nashville into a memorial.  Today, the Brown County Art Gallery has a Henshaw Room, dedicated to the preservation of his works that survived a fire in his old studio in 1966.  Although Henshaw was by no means an impressionist in the strict sense of the term, his art does show an absence of contours, exuberantly free brushwork, and a love of spontaneous lighting effects, which owe a lot to Monet’s original aesthetic. The artist died in Baltimore, on 5 April 1946.

Sources:
French, Joseph Lewis. Glen Cooper Henshaw, an Appreciation: Painter of New York Nocturnes. New York: 1914; Harrington, Mary. “Glen Cooper Henshaw.” International Studio 62 (October 1917): 97-101; Letsinger-Miller, Lyn. The Artists of Brown County. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1994.

Submitted by Michael Preston Worley, Ph.D.


This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Glen Cooper Henshaw was born in Windfall, Indiana in 1880. He later moved to the East Coast, living in Baltimore, Maryland and New York City, following study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he was influenced by Impressionism.  He exhibited at the Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis, Indiana; Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois; Addison Gallery of American Art, of the Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts.

In 1941, he moved to Nashville, Indiana, in Brown County, where he purchased the Odd Fellows Building, spending summers there for the five years remaining of his life. Brown County, termed "The Art Colony of the Midwest," was one of six major art colonies in the early 1900s. A painter of portraits and cityscapes prior to 1941, Henshaw continued with these genres in Nashville, also painting some landscapes.

After his death in 1946, eighty-five of four hundred oils and pastels were kept as a memorial in the Odd Fellows Building, later moved to the Brown County Art Gallery. A fire destroyed many of Henshaw's paintings at the latter venue, though space at the Brown County Art Gallery today features a collection of work that survived the fire, as well as paintings later added to the collection.

Henshaw's records are in the collection of the Smithsonian Institution Archives of American Art, Washington, D.C.

Sources:
www.browncounty.com
www.treadwaygallery.com/ONLINECATALOGS/Sept.2001
www.ipfw.edu/ipfwhist/indiana/sketches.htm

This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Living in Paris, France and Anderson, Indiana, he was a painter.

Born Arthur Glenn Hinshaw, by 1905 he had dropped "Arthur", taking his mother's maiden name "Cooper" as his middle name.  About 1912 he started using "Glenn Cooper Henshaw", and shortly after World War I shortened his name to "Glen Cooper Henshaw".  

Information provided by Jan Hinshaw.

Biography from Richmond Art Museum:
The following biography is from Art in Richmond: 1898-1978, published in 1978 and available through the Richmond Art Museum, Richmond, Indiana.

Glen Cooper Henshaw (1880-1946)

Glen Henshaw was the first pupil to enroll in the Herron Art Institute, where he studied with J. Ottis Adams. In 1902 he traveled to the Munich Academy, and from there to Paris in 1904. He attended the Academie Julian and the Ecole des Beaux Arts, exhibited at the Salons and taught private lessons. He returned to the United States before World War I and opened a studio in New York. Praised by critics, he nevertheless found it difficult to sell his pastels.

After 20 years he moved to Baltimore and kept a studio there and in Nashville, Indiana. Using all media to capture subjects that appealed to him, Henshaw seldom reworked his pictures. His portraits, done very rapidly and with total concentration, were intensely subjective and yet structurally sound."

Illustrations of his works may also be found in the museum's new publication (2003), "The Richmond Art Museum; History and Collections" with a forward by William H. Gerdts and History by Kathleen D. Glynn.

Written and submitted February 2004 by Kathleen D. Glynn, former (1999-2003) Director of the Richmond Art Museum in Richmond, Indiana. "Henshaw is a Hoosier and the museum holds several of his works. He is a well-collected artist locally."

Latest research by family geneaologist Jan Hinshaw revealed the following:

When Glen Cooper Hinshaw/Henshaw died in 1946, his widow, Carolyn (Hastings) Henshaw, established the "Henshaw Memorial Trust" to continue his legacy. Glen Cooper Henshaw had no children, but his sister, Effie (Hinshaw) Carter, had children and today her grandson is trustee of the "Henshaw Memorial Trust".  He is without a doubt the world's most knowledgeable source of information about Glen Cooper Henshaw, so I contacted him, and he then confirmed that Glen Cooper Henshaw was indeed born Arthur Glenn Hinshaw, later dropping "Arthur" and taking his mother's maiden name as a middle name, becoming Glenn Cooper Hinshaw, then later changing to Glen Cooper Henshaw.

Therefore, Arthur Glenn Hinshaw, Glen Cooper Hinshaw, and Glenn Cooper Henshaw where one and the same person.

** If you discover credit omissions or have additional information to add, please let us know at registrar@AskART.com.


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