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 Carl Kauba  (1865 - 1922)

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Lived/Active: Austria/United States      Known for: sculpture-western figure, Native American

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Ad Code: 2
Carl Kauba
from Auction House Records.
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:


This Austrian sculptor was born in Vienna in 1865. His teachers were Karl Waschmann (1848-1905), known for his ivory sculptures and portrait plaquettes of contemporary celebrities, and Stefan Schwartz (1851-1924), who exhibited in Paris, including the Exposition Universelle of 1900 where he won a gold medal. Kauba’s intricate bronzes, imported to the United States between 1895 and 1912, were cast at the Roman Bronze Works.  Kauba was part of the nineteenth-century tradition of polychrome bronze sculpture. There were several types of patinas on a single statue: he could render the color of buckskin, variously tinted shirts, blankets, feathers, as well as beaded moccasins.  Reportedly, Kauba came to America around 1886.  Inspired by the Western tales of German author Karl May, he traveled to the West and made sketches and models.  Critics, however, pointed out inaccuracies of costume and other details.  For instance, the guns that his “mid-nineteenth-century” figures use are models produced after 1898. Apparently he did all of his works back in Vienna. 

Besides the variety of color, Kauba’s bronzes show a great range of textures and his style is highly naturalistic.  The sculptor loved ornament, some of which he rendered with coiled wire for reins, rope and feathers in headdresses.  He successfully rendered figures in motion and often executed compositions with more than one figure.  Berman (1974) illustrates non-Western subjects by Kaula, such as the pendants Where? and There (ca. 1910), a seated Scottish couple, impressive in the expressions and the details on patterned fabrics of both sitters. Another genre piece is Buster Brown, ca. 1910, and Nude on Vase shows Kauba’s versatility even further.  The smooth skin contrasts with the stylistic, plant-like vase.

Card, Helen L. Salute to the Westerners: Bronzes by Remington and Kauba. New York: n.d. [rare sale catalogue]; Berman, Harold. Bronzes: Sculptors and Founders 1800-1930. Chicago: Abage Publishers, 1974, nos. 388, 389, 570, 595; Broder, Patricia Janis. Bronzes of the American West. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1973, pp. 216-222. The Art of Carl Kauba. Sales pamphlet (New York: Latendorfer Gallery, n.d.)

Submitted by Michael Preston Worley, Ph.D.

Biography from Altermann Galleries and Auctioneers, III:
Carl Kauba
Born: Austria 1865
Died: probably Vienna, Austria 1922

Austrian sculptor of Western American bronzes specializing in Indians.

Kauba was the pupil of Carl Waschmann and Stefan Schwartz in Austria. He traveled widely in the American West, sketching and modeling, about 1895. He returned to Vienna where his Western bronzes were cast for the American market between 1895 and 1912. Small and medium bronzes were sometimes polychromed at the foundry. It is said that there were two Kaubas, father and son, and that the son modeled the small polychromed bronzes.

SAMUELS’ Encyclopedia of ARTISTS of THE AMERICAN WEST, Peggy and Harold Samuels, 1985, Castle Publishing

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