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 Arthur Lismer  (1885 - 1969)

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Lived/Active: Ontario/Nova Scotia/Quebec / Canada/England      Known for: modernist landscape painting, teaching

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Arthur Lismer
from Auction House Records.
The Sheep's Nose, Bon Echo
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Arthur Lismer  RCA, CGP, CSPWC, OSA, SGA, LL.D (1885 – 1969)

“An understanding of psychology, a touch for the maternal, and a capacity for looking at the world through the eyes of a child  these are the marks of good guides and teachers.”?(Arthur Lismer, 1948)

As an immigrant from England, Arthur Lismer was fascinated by the Canadian landscape of rocks, pines, and expansive stretches of tumultuous water and sky.  From 1920 he was a member of the Group of Seven*, painters who advocated a new Canadian art that expressed the spirit of the nation through its landscape.  Throughout his life he was a dedicated painter and draftsman and visionary teacher.

Lismer attended the Sheffield School of Art in the evenings on a scholarship (1898 – 1905) and during the day apprenticed at a photoengraving firm.  In 1906 he studied at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Antwerp.  He returned to Sheffield, where he worked in a commercial art studio before moving to Canada in January 1911.

Hired at the commercial art firm Grip Limited, and later at Rous & Mann, in Toronto, he met fellow artists J.E.H. MacDonald, Franklin Carmichael, and Tom Thomson (1).  In 1913 he went on his first painting trip to Georgian Bay with his wife, Esther, and their baby daughter, and in 1914 to Algonquin Park.

In 1916 Lismer became principal of the Victoria School of Art and Design (now the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design) in Halifax.  In 1917 an explosion in Halifax Harbour destroyed large sections of the city (2).  Lismer captured the aftermath of this catastrophe in a series of drawings first published in the Canadian Courier.  In 1918 he was commissioned by Canadian War Records to record returning troopships in Halifax Harbour in paintings and in lithographs.  In 1919 he moved back to Toronto and became vice-principal of the Ontario College of Art (OCA).

Lismer was a charter member of the Group of Seven, and joined his fellow artists on painting trips to the Algoma region and north shore of Lake Superior.  In 1928 he painted in the Rockies and from 1930 in the Atlantic provinces.  His Impressionist-influenced paintings of the 1910s evolved into a more angular and cruder expression that he equated with the Canadian terrain and national identity. In his later work, Lismer concentrated on detailed foregrounds and tightly framed, close-up compositions of vegetation and land formations.

Lismer resigned from OCA in 1927 and became supervisor of education at the Art Gallery of Toronto (now the Art Gallery of Ontario).  He became a leading figure in child art education working in Toronto, South Africa, New York, and Montreal, where he moved in 1940.  He taught at the Art Association of Montreal (now the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts) from 1940 until 1967.

A retrospective exhibition of Lismer’s work was organized by the Art Gallery of Toronto in 1950. The following year he travelled to Long Beach, Vancouver Island, where he spent summers for the rest of his life, and where the ocean and dense forests provided a new landscape to sketch and paint.

Source: The National Gallery of Canada.

Footnotes:
 
(1) All the artists, students and teachers mentioned in this biography have their own pages in AskART.

(2) The 1917 Halifax explosion resulted from the collision of two ships, one carrying munitions. It instantly killed 1600 people. Source: http://www.halifaxexplosion.org/intro.html.

* For more in-depth information about these terms and others, see AskART.com Glossary http://www.askart.com/AskART/lists/Art_Definition.aspx

Submitted by M.D. Silverbrooke

Biography from Mayberry Fine Art:
Arthur Lismer was born in Sheffield, England in 1885.  He apprenticed there as an engraver* for seven years.  During his apprenticeship, at the age of 15, he became an illustrator for the Sheffield Independent.  He studied at the Sheffield School of Art (1898 - 1905) and in Belgium at the Antwerp Academy (1906-07).

Lismer came to Canada in 1911 where he was employed as an engraver at David Smith and Co. in Toronto.  He later moved to the Grip company where he met other future members of the Group of Seven*.  He first visited Georgian Bay in 1913 and in 1914 made the trip again with Tom Thomson.

He became one of the founding members of the Group of Seven in 1920.  Lismer taught at the Ontario College of Art from 1915 and was principal at the Nova Scotia College of Art, Halifax from 1916 to 1919.  He returned to Toronto to become vice principal of the Ontario College of Art from 1920 to 1927.

He was an authority on child art and was the founder of children's classes at the Art Gallery of Toronto where he was educational supervisor.  He was involved in education at the National Gallery of Canada and later taught at McGill University.  He painted landscape in northern Ontario, Nova Scotia, the St. Lawrence, the Gaspe, Newfoundland, and the Rocky Mountains.  In his later years he exhibited at the Dominion Gallery.

He died in 1969.

* For more in-depth information about these terms and others, see AskART.com Glossary http://www.askart.com/AskART/lists/Art_Definition.aspx


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