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 Robert Longo  (1953 - )

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Lived/Active: New York/Texas / Italy      Known for: modernist figure, sculpture, graphics, drawing

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Robert Longo
from Auction House Records.
MEN IN THE CITIES: FINAL LIFE
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Robert Longo (1953-)

Where United States culture, media, greed, and violence meet, one finds the work of Robert Longo.

Longo's ground breaking series, Men In The Cities, draws its strength and inspiration from Longo's fascination with the works of many artists in many media, but particularly from Hollywood's stylization of violence.  His figures are captured in mid-motion; one wonders whether they are dancing or dying.  Their creation and popularity have come to represent the high-speed, high-pressure decade of the 1980's.  Longo describes the subjects in this series as "...doomed souls. They're people who built the buildings that would eventually fall on them."

He views his work as abstract symbols, "...more like Japanese calligraphy, or logos" .  Longo works with assistants to create an image and, as an artist, focuses on the communication in his images rather than the craft of producing the image.

Asked about his influences, he names the New York Post, the films of Sam Peckinpah, modern artists such as Vito Acconci, Sol LeWitt, Robert Smithson, Edward Hopper, and Egon Schiele, and further, Greek and Roman sculpture.

Longo was born in New York City's Brooklyn and lives and works on the East Coast.  He has exhibited his thought-provoking drawings in New York, Texas, Milan, Munich, Naples, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Paris and Tokyo, as well as many other United States galleries.

Solo Exhibitions:
2010  Robert Longo: Survey Exhibition 1980-2009, Museu Berardo, Lisbon, Portugal (cat.)
2009  No Wave, SAKS Gallery, Geneva, Switzerland
Robert Longo: Survey Exhibition 1980-2009, Musee D'Art Moderne Et D'Art Contemporain, Nice, France (cat.)
Surrendering the Absolutes, Metro Pictures, New York, NY
Dancing With Chains On, Galerie Hans Mayer, Düsseldorf, Germany
2008  "Nights Bright Days", Margo Leavin Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
Intimate Immensity, Galeria Soledad Lorenzo, Madrid, Spain (cat.)
2007  Children of Nyx, Metro Pictures, New York, NY
Beginning of the World, Galerie Hans Mayer, Düsseldorf, Germany
2006  The Outward and Visible Signs of an Inward and Invisible Grace, Metro Pictures, New York, NY
Ouroboros, Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris, France
2005  Robert Longo: Fire, Water, Rock (2003-2005), Galleria Emilio Mazzoli, Modena, Italy (cat.), Curated by Richard Milazzo
"Something Wicked This Way Comes", Margo Leavin Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
Robert Longo: Deep Silence, Monchehaus Museum, Goslar, Germany
2004  The Sickness of Reason, Metro Pictures, New York, NY
2003  Lust of the Eye, Galeria Soledad Lorenzo, Madrid, Spain (cat.)
2002  Monsters, Metro Pictures, New York, NY
Robert Longo: Sigmund Freud, Jüdisches Museum, Berlin, Germany
The Freud Drawings, Museen Haus Lange und Haus Esters, Krefelder Kunstmeseen, Krefeld, Germany; Albertina Museum, Vienna, Austria (cat.)
2001  The Freud Drawings, Metro Pictures, New York, NY
2000  Robert Longo: Superheroes, Lipanjepuntin Artecontemporanea, Trieste, Italy
Robert Longo: 1980 - 2000, Galleria Emilio Mazzoli, Modena, Italy (cat.) Curated by Richard Milazzo
1998  Robert Longo, Gallery Cotthem, Belgium; Cotthem Gallery, Barcelona
1997  Magellan, Metro Pictures, New York, NY
Das Magellan Projekt, Kunsthalle Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany; Kunsthal Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Kunstalle Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany (cat.)
Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
1996  Robert Longo: Kreuze, Museum Fridericianum, Kassel, Germany
1995  Robert Longo: A Retrospective, The Isetan Museum of Art, Tokyo; Ashikaga City Museum; Kirin Plaza Art Space, Osaka (cat.)
Johnny Paintings, Galerie Gana-Beaubourg, Paris, France; Galerie Lüpke, Frankfurt, Germany
Johnny Mnemonic: Works on Paper, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France
1994  Robert Longo, Genereux Grunwald Gallery, Toronto, Canada
Robert Longo, Galerie Hans Mayer, Düsseldorf, Germany
1993  Bodyhammers: The Cult of the Gun, Metro Pictures, New York; Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Salzburg, Austria
Robert Longo, Kleines Festspielhaus, Salzburg, Austria
Killing Time, Galeria Joan Prats, Barcelona; Galeria Joan Prats, New York
1992  When Heaven and Hell Change Places, Galerie Hans Mayer, Düsseldorf, Germany (brochure)
Dreams With The Wrong Solutions, Salzburg Grand Opera House, Salzburg, Austria
1991  Robert Longo, Linda Cathcart Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
Robert Longo, Texas Gallery, Houston, TX
Robert Longo, Hamburger Kunstverein and Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany (cat.)
Faith in Zero Project, Five Gallery installation: Galerie Daniel Templon, Galerie Antoine Candau, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, A.B. Galleries, Galerie Gordon Pym et Fils, Paris, France
1990  Black Flags, Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris, France; Metro Pictures, New York, NY (cat.)
1989  Robert Longo 1976-1989, The Los Angeles County Museum of Art; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago and the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut (Retrospective) (cat.)
Robert Longo, Seibu Contemporary Art Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
Robert Longo, Linda Cathcart Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
1988  Robert Longo, Metro Pictures, New York, NY
Robert Longo, Menil Collection, Houston, TX
Robert Longo, Museum Boymans van Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
1987  Robert Longo, Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris, France
1986  Steel Angels Part I & Part II, Metro Pictures, New York, NY
Robert Longo, Donald Young Gallery, Chicago, IL
Robert Longo, Spiral Gallery, Wacoal Art Center, Tokyo, Japan (cat.)
Robert Longo: Studies and Prints, Mackenzie Art Gallery, University of Regina, Canada (cat.)
Sequences/Men in the Cities, University Art Museum, California State University, Long Beach, CA; Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX; Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Fort Wayne, IN (cat.)
1985  Robert Longo, The Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, NY
Robert Longo, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Robert Longo, Lia Rumma Gallery, Naples, Italy
Robert Longo: Dis-Illusions, University of Iowa Museum of Art, Iowa (cat.)
1984  Robert Longo, Metro Pictures, New York, NY
Robert Longo: Drawings & Reliefs, Akron Art Museum, Akron, OH (cat.)
Robert Longo, Larry Gagosian Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
1983  Robert Longo, Metro Pictures, New York, NY
Robert Longo, Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, NY
Robert Longo, Galerie Schellmann & Kluser, Munich, Germany
1982  Robert Longo, Texas Gallery, Houston, TX
1981  Men in the Cities, Metro Pictures, New York, NY
Robert Longo, Fine Arts Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston
1980  Robert Longo, Studio Cannaviello, Milan, ITaly
1979  Robert Longo, The Kitchen, New York, NY
1976  Robert Longo, Hallwalls, Buffalo, NY

Group Exhibitions:
2009  The Pictures Generation, 1974-1984 The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Three: The Triptych in Modern Art, Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
2008  Sonic Youth etc.: Sensational Fix, Museion Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Bolzano, Italy
Political Correct, BFAS Blondeau Fine Art Services, Geneva to: Night, The Hunter College Art Galleries, New York (cat.)
The Human Image in the Twentieth Century: Works from the Collection of the Tokushima Modern Art Museum, Gunma Museum of Art, Tatebayashi, Japan (cat.)
Atomic Afterimage: Cold War Imagery in Contemporary Art, Boston University Art Gallery, Boston, MA (cat.)
The Big Bang, Museo Carlo Bilotti, Rome (cat.)
That Was Then…This Is Now, P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center, New York
Landscape, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris (cat.)
Future Tense: Reshaping the Landscape, Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, New York
2007  Sympathy for the Devil: Art and Rock and Roll Since 1967, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; Museum of Contemporary Art, North Miami; Musée D’Art Contemporain, Montréal (2007-2009) (cat.)
Exhibitionism: An Exhibition of Exhibitions of Works from the Marieluise Hessel Collection, Hessel Museum of Art, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York (cat.)
Chelsea to Caochangdi, Chambers Fine Art, Bejing
History Will Repeat Itself, KW Institute for Contemporary Art, Berlin; Hartware MedienKunstVerein, Dortmund; Centre for Contemporary Art, Ujazdowski Castle, Warsaw (2007-2008) (cat.)
Panic Attack! Art in the Punk Years, Barbican Art Gallery, London (cat.)
Lights, Camera, Action: Artist Films for the Cinema, Kaufman Astoria Studios, New York
Hot Rock, Transmission Gallery, Scotland
2006  Fifth Interpretation of the Collection, La Colección Jumex, Pachuca, Mexico (cat.)
New York New York: Fifty Years of Art, Architecture, Cinema, Performance, Photography and Video, Grimaldi Forum, Monaco (cat.)
Les Mouvement des Images, Centre Pompidou, France (cat.)
Ma+h Coun+s, Curated by Barry Rosenberg, University of Connecticut, Connecticut
The Downtown Art Show: The New York Art Scene 1974-1984, Grey Art Gallery, Fales Library, New York University (cat.)
2005  Neo-Baroque, Byblos Art Gallery, Verona (cat.)
Atomica: Making the Visible Invisible, Lombard-Freid Fine Arts, New York
Flashback: Revisiting the Art of the Eighties, Kunstmuseum Museum for Gegenwartskunst, Basel
Drawing from the Modern, MoMA, New York
2004  Biennial, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (cat.)
American Art of the 1980s: selections from the Broad Collections, Washington University Gallery of Art, St. Louis, Missouri
Freud - The Creative Analysis of Analysis, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT
NY Collects Buffalo State, Buffalo State College, New York
News From Home (Orientalism <> Occidentalism), The Annex, New York (cat.)
Perspectives at 25, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, Texas (cat.)
Off the Wall, Bruce Museum of Arts and Science, Greenwich, CT (cat.)
2003  Drawings, Metro Pictures, New York
Art, Lies, and Videotape: Exposing Performance, Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, England (cat.)
2002  Group Show, Metro Pictures, New York
The Human Factor: Figuration in American Art, 1950-1995, Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Fort Wayne, Indiana
Super Heroes, Galerie Edward Mitterand, Geneva
Melodrama, Atrium, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain; Centro José Guerrero, Grenada, Spain; MARCO, Vigo, Spain (cat.)
2001  Postmodern Americans, The Menil Collection, Houston
I Need You to Be There, Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York
Pictures at an Exhibition, Artists Space, New York
Streit-Lust - For Argument's Sake, Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen, Germany (cat.)
2000  End Papers, Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, New York (cat.)
Around 1984, A Look at the Eighties, P.S. 1, New York
Group Show, Metro Pictures, New York
1999  The Kiasma Collection, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki
1998  I Love Art, In Kahn, New York
The Edward R. Broida Collection: A Selection of Works, The Orlando Museum of Art, Florida (cat.)
Stills: A Selection from the Marieluise Hessel Collection, Center for Curatorial Studies, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York (broch.)
1997  Landscape: The Pastoral to the Urban, Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College (June 15 - August 2)
La Biennale di Venezia: XLVII Esposizione Internationale d"Arte, Venice, Italy (cat.)
Views from Abroad: European Perspectives on American Art 3, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (cat.)
Stills: Art and Cinema in the Marieluise Hessel Collection, Centro Cultural Light Rio de Janeiro, November 19 - January 4, 1998 (cat.)
1996  Group Show, Metro Pictures, New York
New York "Unplugged II", Gallery Cotthem, Knokke-Zoute, Belgium
Bang! The Gun as Image, Florida State University Museum of Fine Arts, Tallahassee, Florida (cat.)
1995  Essence and Persuasion: The Power of Black and White, Anderson Gallery, Buffalo, New York (cat.)
Group Show, Metro Pictures, New York
It's Only Rock and Roll, Contemporary Art Center, Cincinnati, Ohio Travelling venues through 1998 (cat.)
Passions Privee, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris
Alternatives: 20 Years of Hallwalls Contemporary Art Center: 1975-1995, Burchfield-Penney Art Center, Buffalo, New York
(Op) Art Galerie, Galerie Hans Mayer, Düsseldorf, Germany (cat.)
1994  New York on Paper, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris
Drawings: Reaffirming the Media, Kansas City Gallery of Art, University of Missouri (cat.)
Le Temps d'un Dessin, Galerie de l'Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Losient
Old Glory: The American Flag in Contemporary Art, Cleveland Center for Contemporary Art, Cleveland, OH; American Embassy, Copenhagen
Art in Embassies Program, American Embassy, Copenhagen
New York "Unplugged", Gallery Cotthem, Zeedijk
Summer Academy I, Pace Wildenstein Gallery, New York
Fuori USO 1994, Kulturna Manifestacija, traveled to Ex Opififio Gaslini, Pescara; Trevi Flash Art Museum of Contemporary Art, Trevi, Cankarjev Dom, Slovenija
For 25 Years: Brooke Alexander Editions, MoMA, New York
Group Show, Metro Pictures, New York
Oh Boy, It's a Girl: Feminismen in der Kunst, Kunstverein Munich (cat.)
Art on Paper, Weatherspoon Art Gallery, Greensboro, North Carolina
After Art: Rethinking 150 Years of Photography, Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (Traveling exhib., cat.)
Sustainable Earth/ Sustainable Art, Remba Gallery, West Hollywood, California
1993  Lucio Silla Group Exhibit, Kleines Festspielhaus, Salzburg, Austria
Group Show, Metro Pictures, New York
American Postmodern Art (Longo, Schnabel, Salle, Fischl) Ho-Am Art Gallery, Seoul, Korea (cat.)
The 21st Century, Kunsthalle Basel, Switzerland (cat.)
8 American Artists, Galerie Bernd Klüser, Munich
1992  Allegories of Modernism: Contemporary Drawing, MoMA, New York (cat.)
Group Show, Metro Pictures, New York
American Art of the 80's, Museo d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento, Italy (cat.)
Killing Time, collaborative installation with Jon Kessler, Centre de Recherche d'Exchange et de Diffusion pour l'Art Contemporain (CREDAC), Ivre Sur Seine, France
1991  Compassion and Protest: Recent Social and Political Art from the Eli Broad Family Foundation Collection, San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose
Power, Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis
1990  Affinities and Intuitions: The Gerald S. Elliot Collection of Contemporary Art, The Art Institute of Chicago (cat.)
1989  A Forest of Signs: Art in the Crisis of Representation, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (cat.)
Fondation Daniel Templon: Musee Temporaire Exposition Inaugurale, Frejus, France (cat.)
Image World: Art and Media Culture, The Whitney Museum of Art, New York (cat.)
1988  Altered States, Kent Fine Arts, New York
Concept et Imaginatione (recent works from the photographic collection of the Stedelijk Museum), L'Institut Neerlandais, Paris
Visions/ Revisions: Contemporary Representation, Marlborough Gallery, New York
1988 The World of Art Today, Milwaukee Art Museum (cat.)
The Postmodern Explained to Children, Bonnefantenmuseum, Maastricht, Holland (cat.)
American Art Since 1945, Tochigi Prefectual Museum of Fine Arts, Japan (cat.)
Three Decades: The Oliver Hoffman Collection, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago
1987  Documenta 8, Kassel, West Germany (cat.)
L'Epoque, La Mode, La Morale, La Passion, 1977-1987, Musee national d'Art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris (cat.)
Avant-Garde in the Eighties, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles (cat.)
Implosion: A Postmodern Perspective, Moderna Museet, Stockholm (cat.)
Process and Product: The Making of Eight Contemporary Masterworks, Blum Art Institute, Bard College, Anandale-on Hudson, New York )cat.)
Post-Abstract Abstraction, essay by Eugene Schwartz, The Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Connecticut (cat.)
1986  An American Renaissance in Art: Painting and Sculpture Since 1940, Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale (cat.)
The American Exhibition, The Art Institute of Chicago
Das Automobil in der Kunst 1886-1986, Haus der Kunst, Munich (cat.)
Hommage a Beuys, Stadtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich
Monumental Drawing: Works by 22 Contemporary Americans, The Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York (cat.)
1985  Figure It Out: Exploring the Figure in Contemporary Art, Laguna Gloria Art Museum, Austin, Texas
New York 85, ARCA Centre d'Art Contemporain, Marseille (cat.)
Body and Soul: Aspects of Recent Figurative Sculpture, Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati, Ohio
Anniottanta, Galleria Comunale d'Arte Moderna, Bologna, Italy (cat.)
Carnegie International, Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh
New York Art Now: Correspondences, Laforet Museum, Tokyo; (1986) Tochigi Prefectural Museum of Fine Arts, Tochigi; Tazaki Hall Espace Media, Kobe, Japan
1984  Endgame: Robert Morris, Laurie Anderson, Robert Longo, Hunter College Art Gallery, New York (cat.)
The Fifth Biennale of Sydney, Private Symbol: Social Metaphor, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia (cat.)
Alibis, Centre Georges Pompidou, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Paris (cat.)
Automobile and Culture, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; (1985) Detroit Institute of Art, Michigan
The Human Condition: Biennial III, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
The Heroic Figure, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston; (1984-1985) Brooks Memorial Art Gallery, Memphis; Alexandria Museum, Alexandria, Kentucky; The Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, California (cat.)
Currents, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston
Content: A Contemporary Focus, 1974-1984, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C. (cat.)
La Narrativa Internacional de Hoy, Museo Rufino Tamayo, Mexico City; (1985) P.S. 1, New York
Disarming Images, The Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati; (1984-1985) University Art Gallery, San Diego State University, California; Museum of Art, Washington State University, Pullman; New York State Museum, Albany; University Art Museum, University of California, Santa Barbara; Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute Museum of Art, Utica, New York,; Fine Arts Gallery, University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Baxter Art Gallery, California Institute of Technologu, Pasadena; Yellowstone Art Center, Billings, Montana; Bronx Museum of the Arts, New York
Szene New York '84, Rheinhallen, Koln Messe, Cologne (cat.)
1983  Drawing Conclusions, Daniel Weinberg Gallery, Los Angeles and San Francisco
Directions 1983, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C. (cat.)
1983 Biennial exhibition, The Whitney Museum American Art, New York (cat.)
The New Art, Tate Gallery, London (cat.)
Brave New Works: Recent American Painting and Drawing, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Back to the U.S.A., Kunstmuseum Lucerne; (1983-1984) Rheinishes Landesmuseum, Bonn; Wurttembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart (cat.)
Dahn, Daniels, Genzken, Holzer, Longo, Visch, Stedelijk van Abbemuseum Eindhoven, Holland (cat.)
Drawings Photographs, Leo Castelli, New York
The Heroic Figure: Thirteen Artists from the United States, Museum de Arte Moderna, Rio de Janeiro; Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Santiago; Museo de Arte Contemporaneo, Caracas
An International Survey of Recent Painting and Sculpture, MoMA, New York (cat.)
1982  Dynamix, The Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati; Ohio State University, Colombus; Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin, Ohio; The Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, Ohio; The University Art Museum, University of Kentucky, Lexington (cat.)
The Human Figure in Contemporary Art, Contemporary Arts Center, New Orleans
Eight Artists: The Anxious Edge, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (cat.)
Focus on the Figure: Twenty Years, The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (cat.)
Documenta 7, Kassel, West Germany (cat.)
A Fatal Attraction: Art and the Media, The Renaissance Society, University of Chicago
Drawings, Blum Helman Gallery, New York
New Figuration in America, Milwaukee Art Center (cat.)
The American Expressionist Image from Pollock to Today, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York
The Image Scavengers, Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia (cat.)
Body Language, Committee for the Visual Arts, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts (cat.)
Urban Kisses, Institute of Contemporary Art, London
1981  Il Gergo Inquieto, Museo Sant'Agostino, Genoa, Italy
Tableau, Wave Hill, New York (cat.)
Picturealism - New York, Galerie Chantel Crousel, Paris
Westkunst: Today Section, Museen der Stadt Koln, Cologne (cat.)
Drawings, Metro Pictures, New York
Body Language: Figurative Aspects of Recent Art, Hayden Gallery, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge; (1982-1983) Forth Worth Art Museum, Texas; University of South Florida Art Gallery, Tampa; Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati
Figures: Forms and Expressions, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York (cat.)
1980  Extensions: Jennifer Bartlett, Lynda Benglis, Robert Longo, Judy Pfaff, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston (cat.)
Illustration & Allegory, Brooke Alexander Gallery, New York (cat.)
Opening Group Exhibition, Metro Pictures, New York
1979  Re: Figuration, Max Protetch Gallery, New York
1977  In Western New York, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York (cat.)
Pictures, Artists Space, New York; (1977-1978) Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin, Ohio; Fine Arts Museum, University of Colorado, Boulder; Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art (cat.)
1976  Convergence and Dispersal, S.E.M. Festival, Albright -Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York
Hallwalls Group Show, Artists Space, New York
1975  Working on Paper, Hallwalls (opening exhibition), Buffalo, New York
Film and Video Direction
2000  Limited and Unlimited Editions, Artists Space, New York (benefit exhibition)
1998  Stills: A Selection from the Marieluise Hessel Collection, Center for Curatorial Studies, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York (brochure)
1997  Heinrich Heine - A Birthday Video, 1 hr. film starring: Klaus Pohl, Barbara SUkowa, Sanda Wiegl & CIndy Sherman, made for Arté television channel (France, Germany), WDR and Icon Pictures
1995  Johnny Mnemonic, feature film starring: Keanu Reeves, Dolph Lundgren, Barbara Sukowa, Henry Rollins, Ice-T Takeshi Kitano and Dina Meyer. Adaptation of a short story by William Gibson. Caroloco Films, Tristar Pictures
1994  Art in Embassies Program, U.S. Embassy, Copenhagen, Denmark
1993  Series showcasing all films and videos directed by Robert Longo at ELAC (Espace Lyonnais d'Art Contemporain, Lyon, France
1992  Tales From the Crypt: This'll Kill Ya, featuring Sonia Braga, Dylan McDermott, Premier HBO episode for the television series
Plan B's Life's A Beat, Hamburg, Germany, Markenfilm
Helmet's Give It, featuring Eric Bogosian, Icon Pictures
1988  Vernon Reid and Living Colour's Middle Man, Epic Records, produced by Victoria Hamburg, edited by Michael F.W. Collins, Pressure Pictures
Ruben Blades' Hopes on Hold, Elektra Records, produced by Victoria Hamburg, edited by Michael F.W. Collins, Pressure Pictures
American Vanity, 10 min. video starring: Eric Bogosian, produced by Victoria Hamburg, edited by Gretchen Bender, Pressure Pictures
1987   Arena Brains, Elektra/ Asylum Records, 34 min. film premiered at New York Film Festival, released on home video in 1988, produced by Victoria Hamburg and Jonathan Bender, edited by Rick Feist, written by Eric Bogosian, E. Max Frye, Robert Longo, Emily Prager and Richard Price, Pressure Pictures.
R.E.M.'s The One I Love, IRS Records, produced by Victoria Hamburg, edited by Gretchen Bender, nominated for Best Director, MTV Awards, 1988, Pressure Pictures
Wild Cards, MTV, series of Art Breaks, produced by Victoria Hamburg, edited by Michael F.W. Collins, Pressure Pictures.
World Saxophone Quartet's Hattie Wall, Elektra/ Nonesuch Records, produced by Victoria Hamburg, edited by Michael F.W. Collins, Pressure Pictures
1986  Golden Palominos' Boy (go), Celluloid Records, produced by Melissa Lewis, edited by Gretchen Bender
New Order's Bizarre Love Triangle, Factory Communications, produced by Michael Shamberg, edited by Gretchen Bender
Megadeth's Peace Sells, Capitol Records, produced by Victoria Hamburg, edited by Gretchen Bender, Pressure Pictures

Awards:
2005  The Goslar Kaiser Ring Performances, Installations and Design
2006  The Movement of Images, Centre Pompidou Editions, Paris, (cover design)
1999  Dorfman Projects, New York
1993  Suicide in Madrid, set and costume design for the play by Klaus Pole, at the Schauspielhaus, Zürich, Switzerland; touring in Hamburg, Düsseldorf, Cologne, Münich, Edinburgh, New York, London and Tokyo
1992  Lucio Silla, Co-Director, set and costume designer for the Mozart Opera, Mozart Festival, Salzburg, Austria. Also presented at the 1993 Mozart Festival, Salzburg, Austria; 1995 Mozart Opera, Frankfurt Opera House, Frankfrt.
1989  Dream Jumbo: Working the Absolutes, Royce Hall, UCLA, Los Angeles
1988  Solid Ashes, a collaboration with Janine Brogt and Paul Gallis Rotterdamse Schouwburg, Rotterdam
1987  Killing Angels, Burchfield Art Center, Buffalo State College, Buffalo, New York
1985  Performance Works 1977-1981, The Brooklyn Museum, New York
1984  Sound Distance of a Good Man, Surrender, Corcoran gallery Annex, Venice California
1982  Sound Distance, The Kitchen, New York
1981  Empire: A Performance Trilogy, The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
1979  Surrender, Moderna Museet, Stockholm; Amerika Haus, Berlin; American Center, Paris; Van Abbemuseum Eindhoven, Holland
1978  Sound Distance of a Good Man, Franklin Furnace, New York
1976  Artful dodger/ L'Espace comme fiction, Hallwalls, Buffalo, New York
The Water in the Bucket/ The Cloud in the Sky, Visual Studies Workshop, Rochester, New York
Temptation to Exist/ Things I Will Regret, Artists Space, New York

Bibliography:
2010  Drawings on Geology, Serge Onnen, J&L Books, New York
2009  Robert Longo: Men in The Cities, Photographs, Texts by Richard Price and Cindy Sherman, Schirmer/Mosel
Steve Pullimood, "Robert Longo Surrenders the Absolutes," Art In America magazine.com, May 28
The Pictures Generation: 1974-1984, Douglas Eklund (ed.), The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Yale University Press
Holland Cotter, "At the Met, Baby Boomers Leap Onstage," The New York Times, April 24, pp. C27, C30
Linda Yablonsky, "Photo Play: The Social Life of the Pictures Generation," Art in America, April, pp. 102-108
Boyer Tresaco, Best New York Art 2008/2009, Theredoom, New York, pp. 100-103
Christopher Miles, "Art Around Town," LAWeekly.com, January 7
Glenn O'Brien, "Robert Longo," Purple, Issue #11, Spring/Summer, pp. 314-321
2008  Interieur/ Exterieur: Living in Art, Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern, pp. 49, 52, 186, 196-197
"Robert Longo," Dossier, Issue No. 1, pp. 26-31
New York Chanel Mobile Art, Issue #3, pp. 11-12, 17-18, 129-130
The Big Bang, Museo Carlo Bilotti, Rome, pp. 18 - 31
Casey Ruble (ed.) to: Night, Contemporary Representations of the Night, Hunter College Art Galleries, New York, p. 37
Robert Longo: Intimate Immensity, Galeria Soledad Lorenzo, Madrid, Spain. Essay by Richard Milazzo
The Human Image in the Twentieth Century: Works from the Collection of the Tokushima Modern Art Museum, Gunma Museum of Art, Tatebayashi, Japan, p. 95
Keely Orgeman, Atomic Afterimage: Cold War Imagery in Contemporary Art, Boston University Art Gallery, Boston, pp. 42-43
Matthieu Poirer (ed.), Landscape: Landscape and Contemporary Drawing, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, pp. 38-41
Ken Johnson, "Will the Revolution Be Museumized? Will There Be a Revolution?' The New York Times, July 25, p. E29
Nina P. West, "Louder Than Bombs," www.forbes.com, February 21
2007  Francesco Spampinato, "Art-Toy Story," Impackt: Contenitori e Contenuti, #2, pp. 108.120
Dominic Molon, Sympathy for the Devil: Art and Rock and Roll Since 1967, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, pp. 43-47
Chad Radford, "Sympathy for the Devil: At and Rock and Roll Since 1967," Art Papers, November/ December, pp. 52-53
Exhibitionism: An Exhibition of Exhibitions of Works from the Marieluise Hessel Collection, CCS Bard Hessel Museum, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York, p. 28
Joanne Bernstein, The UBS Art Collection: Drawings, UBS AG, Zürich, pp. 160-161
"The Producers," Artforum, October, pp. 352-359, 402
Dorothy Spears, "It's Only Rock and Art, but They Like It," The New York Times, September 30, p. 30
History Will Repeat Itself, Inke Arns and Gabriele Horn (ed.), KW Institute for Contemporary Art, Berlin, pp. 134-137
Panick Attack! Art in the Punk Years, Mark Sladen and Ariella Yedgar (ed.), Merrell Publishers Limited, London pp. 102-103
Collection Art Contemporain, Éditions du Centre Pompidou, Paris, p. 284
Christopher Bollen, "Disaster Art," Vman, Spring/ Summer, Issue 8, p. 88
Jonathan T.D. Neil, "Robert Longo: The Outward and Visible Signs of an Inward and Invisible Grace," Art Review, February, p. 132
Sarah Valdez, "Robert Longo: Review," Art on Paper, January/ February, p. 89
2006  Fifth Interpretation of the Collections, La Colección Jumex, Pachuca, Mexico, p. 213
The Movement of Images, Centre Georges Pompidou Editions, Paris, pp. cover, 102
"Robert Longo," The New Yorker, December 4, pp. 24
Sarah Douglas, "Staying Power," Art + Auction, November, pp. 160-167
Galerie Daniel Templon: 40 ans," Communic'Art, Paris, pp. 304, 386, 595
No. 1, Francesca Richer and Matthew Rosenzweig (ed.), D.A.P., New York, p. 225
Tilman Osterwold, Irritation des Gleichgenwichts, Snoeck, Cologne, pp. 51-53
Germano Celant and Lisa Dennison, New York New York: Fifty Years of Art, Architecture, Cinema, Performance, Photography and Video, Skira, Monaco, pp. 480-483
Hatje Cantz Verlag, Flashback: Revisiting the Art of the 1980s, Kunstmuseum Basel; Museum fur Gegenwartskunst, Switzerland
2005  Neo-Baroque!, curated by Miacaela Giovanotti and Joyce B. Korotkin, Byblos Gallery, Charta Publishers, Milan
Richard Lacayo, "How Does '80s Art Look Now," Time, 26 March, pp. 58-62
Robert Longo: Fire, Water, Rock 2003-2005, Emilio Mazzoli Galleria d'Arte Contemporanea, Modena, Italy. Essays by Richard Milazzo and Achille Bonito Oliva
Jordan Kantor, Drawing from the Modern: After the Endgames, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, p. 105
Werner Spies, Robert Longo: Deep Silence, Monchehaus Museum Publishing, Goslar
Robert Longo, "A Universe in Climax Sonic Grandeur: Robert Longo Talks with Glenn Branca," Yard, Ellen Ross (ed.), London Terrace Station, New York, pp.46-53
2004  Joyce B. Korotkin, "The Neo-baroque Era," Tema Celeste, July/August, Issue 104, pp. 38-45
Maxine Kopsa, "Whitney Biennial 2004," Metropolis M, Number 3, pp. 120-121
Eleanor Heartney, "The Well-Tempered Biennial," Art in America, June/July, pp. 70-77
Francine Koslow Miller, "Robert Longo - Metro Pictures," Tema Celeste, May/June, p. 90
Eleanor Heartney, "Robert Longo at Metro Pictures," Art in America, September, pp. 12-17
Yigal Nizri, "Controlled Entropy," Studio - Israeli Art Magazine, Issue 152, May, pp. 12-17
2003  Peter Kalb, "Robert Longo at Metro Pictures," Art in America, January, p. 101
"Robert Longo Talks to Mary Haus," interview with Mary Haus, Artforum, March, pp. 238-239
Recycled Culture in Contemporary Art and Film: The Uses of Nostalgia, Vera Dika, Cambridge University Press, New York, pp. 8-9, 36-41
Francisco Calvo Serraller, "Explosión nuclear de la rosa," La Razón
Javier Díaz-Guardiola, "Robert Longo: Quiero que mis imagines ocurran al ser vistas, que salpiquien como las de Pollock," ABC Blanco y Negro Cultural
Irene Porras, "Robert Longo: Lust of the Eye," Ubicarte.com
José Marín-Medina, "Robert Longo, belleza obscena," El Cultural, El Mundo
Carlota De Alfonso, "Robert Longo, la confrontación como estrategia," El Punto de las Artes
Rafael Soldevilla, "Robert Longo: Bombas y Rosas," Man
Pablo Sobisch, "El Otro New York," Guia del Ocio
S/F. "Robert Longo," La Voz de Galicia
Óscar Alonso Molina, "Robert Longo," Arte y Parte
S/F. "Erotismo Vital," Descubrir el Arte
S/F. "Las guerras posmodernas," Arte y Naturaleza
S/F. "Robert Longo," Gui del Ocio
Christina Parra, "Robert Longo," Metaphore
Javier Montero, "Juegos de Guerra," La Luna
Christina Parra, "ARTE," Metaphore, Volume 7, June, pp. 90-93
2002  Dena Shottenkirk, "Conceptual Think-See," C, Toronto, Spring, pp. 14-17
Melodrama, Atrium, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, pp. 36-41
Joyce B. Korotkin, "A Force of Nature," Tema Celeste, September/October, pp. 74-77
Rapture, Barbican Gallery, London, pp. 162-163
"Robert Longo," The New Yorker, October 14 & 21, p. 44
Christopher Bollen, "Robert Longo - Monsters," Time Out New York, October 17-24, p. 80
Harper's Magazine, December, p. 20 (illustration)
The Freud Drawings, Krefelder Kunstmuseen, Krefeld, Germany
Lilly Wei, "Robert Longo - Metro Pictures," ARTnews, December, p. 117
2001  Kim Levin, "Robert Longo," The Village Voice, February 6, p. 78
Meghan Dailey, "Robert Longo: The Freud Drawings," Time Out New York, February 15-22, p. 54
Joyce B. Korotkin, "Robert Longo - Metro Pictures," The New York Art World, March, p. 16
Doald Kuspit, "Robert Longo - Metro Pictures," Artforum, April, p. 138
Carey Lovelace, "Robert Longo at Metro Pictures," Art in America, May, p. 172
Robert Curcio, "Robert Longo: The Next Wave," dART, Spring, pp.18-19
Postmodernism, Eleanor Heartney, tate Publishing, London, pp. 32-33
Roberta Smith, "When Photography Became Postmodern," The New York Times, June 29, p. E36
David Rimanelli, "Signs of the Time," Artforum, October, pp. 130-132
Robert Longo, "Paperview," Paper, November, p. 30
Streit-Lust - For Argument's Sake, Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen, Germany, p. 55
Werner Spies, "What was left of the Doctor: Robert Longo and His Cycle on Sigmund Freud's Apartment in Vienna," Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, September 8, 2001
2000  Art Since 1940: Strategies of Being, Jonathon Fineberg (ed.), Calmann & King, p. 450
End Papers, Judy Collischan (ed.), Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase College, State University of New York
Sentímento del 2000, Daniela Palazzoli (ed.), Electra, Milan p. 215
"Limited and Unlimited editions," Artists Space, New York (benefit brochure)
Joyce Korotkin, "People's Choice: Favorites From the Montclair Art Museum," NY Arts, February, pp. 20-21
Modern Art in the USA, Patricia Hills, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, p. 367
Art at Work - Forty Years of The Chase Manhattan Collection, foreward by William B. Harrison, Jr., The Chase Manhattan Corporation, New York, pp. 196-197
Robert Longo: 1980-2000, essays by Achille Bonito Oliva and Richard Milazzo, Galleria Emilio Mazzoli, Modena, Italy
1999  "The Wired Diaries," Wired, January, p. 127
Performance: Live Art Since 1960, by Roselee Goldberg, Abrams, New York, p. 200
The Virginia & Bagley Wright Collection, essays by Trevor Fairbrother & Bagley Wright, Seattle Art Museum, p. 132
Laurence A. Rickels, "American Psychos," Art/Text, November, pp. 58-63
Ann Landi, "Robert Longo: Dorfman Projects," ArtNews, December, p. 175
The American Century: 1950-2000, Lisa Phillips (ed.), Whitney Museum of American Art, p. 308
1998  Whitney Scott, "TV Junkie," Manhattan File, December '97/ January '98, p. 34
Owen Drolet, "A More Intimate Longo," Flash Art, January/ February, p. 45
David Frankel, "Robert Longo: Metro Pictures," Artforum, March, p. 100
The Edward R. Broida Collection: A Selection of Works, Sue Scott, The Orlando Museum of Art, Flordia
Grady G. Turner, "Robert Longo," Flash Art, March/April, pp. 113-114
"Robert Longo," The Monthly Art Magazine Wolgan Misool, Korea, Issue 2, February. p. 107
John Loughery, "American Art: the Center of the Edge," The Hudson Review, vol. 51, no. 1, Spring, pp. 181-188
Stills: A Selection from the Marieluise Hessel Collection, essay by Ivo Mesquita, Center for Curatorial Studies, Annandale-on-Hudson, NY (brochure)
Maia Damianovic, "Robert Longo," Tema Celeste, Milan, p. 62
Superheroes, Cotthem Gallery, Cotthem, Belgium; Cotthem Gallery, Barcelona, Spain (cat.)
H.H. Arnason & Marla F. Prather, History of Modern Art (4th Edition), Harry N. Abrams, New York, pp. 711-712
Art of the 20th Century (vol. I & II), essays by Klaus Honnef, Indigo F. Walther, Christiane Friche, Manfred Schneckenburger, Karl Ruhrburg, Benedikt Taschen, New York, pp. 561, 573-574
1997  Past, Present, Future: The 47th International Art Exhibition, The Venice Biennale, essays by Germano Celant and Lino Micciché, Venice, Italy
David Rimanelli, "A/Drift," Artforum International, February, p. 83
"Robert Longo in Something Wild," Brutus Magazine, Japan, Vol. 2/1, No. 450, p. 29
David D'Arcy, "The Bigger Picture," Avenue, February, pp. 64-69
Robert Longo: Magellan, essay by Thomas Kellein, Kunsthalle Tübingen, Kunsthal Rotterdam, Kunsthalle Bielefeld, du Mont, Cologne, Germany
"Der Magellan-Zyklus von Robert Longo," Die Tagerszeitung, April 12/13, p. 14, Kultur
Bang! The Gun as Image, essay by Roald Nasgaard, Florida State University Museum of Fine Arts, Tallahassee, Florida
Heinz Peter Schwerfel, "A Journey Through a Flood of Images," Art, April, pp. 80-85
Burkhard Meier-Grolman, "Den Wasserhahn Aufgedreht," Feuilleton, April 16
Gaby Czöppan, Annette Schipprack, "Ein Amerikanischer Held," Focus, #15, April, pp. 126-129
Heinz Peter Schwerfel, "Eine Reise durch die Bilderflut," Art Das Kunstmagazin, #4, April pp. 80-85
Ruth Handler, "Denkmal fur Aufsteiger und Abesturzte," Die Welt, April 23, p. 10 (culture segment)
Gunter Scheinpflug, "Die Intimitat der Gewalt," Das Sonntagsblatt, #17, April 25
"Der Magellan-Zyklus von Robert Longo," Die Tageszeitung, 13/14 April, p. 14 (culture segment)
Birgit Sonna, "Ein Panoptikum aus zweiter Hand," Suddeutsche Zeitung, #92, April 22, p. 14
Viet Muller, "Geistige Entdeckungsreise," Sudkurier #86, (Arts segment)
Tom Holert, "Stil und Gewalt," Robert Longo, New Yorks Zeitgeistkunstler der Achtziger, ist wieder da," Vogue (Germany), April, p. 128
Thyrza Nichols Goodeve, "Artists Making Movies," Guggenheim Magazine, Spring, pp. 40-47
Christian Gampert, "Klohauschen fallen unter Nebenkosten," Die Tageszeitung, April 12/13, p. 14 (Arts segment)
Roberta Smith, "Another Venice Biennale Shuffle to Life," The New York Times, June 16, pp. C11-12 (Arts segment)
Roberta Smith, "20th Century Tête-á-Têtes," The New York Times, July 11
Adam Gopnik, "The Repressionists: A New Group of Painters Haunts the Biennale," New York, July, pp. 86-88
Birmingham City Paper, September (cover)
Lasting Impressions: Twentieth-Century Prints from the Permanent Collection, Birmingham Museum of Art, pp. 10-11 (brochure)
Views From Abroad: European Perspectives on American Art 3, essays by Nicholas Serota, Sandy Narine, Clement Greenberg, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Grace Glueck, "Robert Longo: Magellan Series," The New York Times, December 12, p. E41
Stills: Art and Cinema in the Marieluise Hessel Collection, essays by Vasif Kortun & IvoMesquita, Centro Cultural Light, Rio de Jeneiro
Paul Ardenne, Art: L'Âge Contemporain, Regard, Paris, p. 169
Kleine Schware, "Baby Come Black," Süddeutsche Zeitung Magazin, #52, December 24, pp. 26-33
A/Drift, Joshua Decter (ed.), Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York (cat.)
John Haber, "Encyclopedia Salesman," www.haberarts.com
1996  Flash Art News, "Johnny Mnemonic Gets Pinned," Flash Art, January/ February, p. 39
Carter Ratcliff, "The Fate of a Gesture: Jackson Pollock and Post War American Art," Farrar, Straus, Giroux, New York, pp. 276-279, 286-288, 291, 299-301
Dike Blair, "Artists' Dream Machines: The Films of Longo, Salle and Clrk," Flash Art, March/April, pp. 78-82
Timothy Greenfield-Sanders, Timothy Greenfield-Sanders: Selected Portraits, Kunst-Station Sankt Peter, Koln (cover)
Rob Perée, "Kunstenaars Op De Stoep Van Hollywood," Kunstbeeld, October, pp. 28-31
Ronald Ehmke (ed.), with Elizabeth Licata, Consider the Alternatives: 20 Years of Contemporary Art at Hallwalls
American Images: The SBC Collection of Twentieth-Century Art Surface: Contemporary Photographic Practice, Vicky Hayward (ed.), essay by Michael Mack
100 Photographs from the Collection, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Holland
Martha Schwendener, "Catch My Drift," Time Out, December 12-19, p. 40
Roberta Smith, "Finding Art in the Artifacts of the Masses," The New York Times, December 1, pp. 43-44, 46 (Arts and Leisure)
1995  Suzanna Andrews, "Down and Out on $350,000 a Year," New York Magazine, Feb. 13 (cover illustration)
Brian D'Amato, "Electric: On Robert Longo's Johnny Mnemonic," Artforum, Summer, pp. 23-24, 123
Evelyn Schels, "Strassen Kampfer," Elle, March, pp. 90-94
"Lights, Camera, Artists," Manhattan File, March p. 22
Essence and Persuasion: The Power of Black and White, Anderson Gallery, Buffalo, New York
It's Only Rock and Roll, Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati, Ohio (traveling venues through 1998)
Jeffrey Hogrefe, "Going Hollywood," Art News, May, pp. 132-133
Rebecca Mead, "They Want To Be in Pictures," New York Magazine, May 1, pp. 56-59
"Johnny Mneumonic: Nilo Rodis and Robert Longo," Los Angeles Times, May 14
Conroy S. Powell, "Longo: Larger Than Life," World Art, #1, pp. 48-51
Kristine McKenna, "It's Just Art on a Big Screen," Los Angeles Times, May 21, pp. 6, 84
Rogier van Bakel, "Remembering Johnny," Wired, June, pp. 154-157, 204-206
Robert Atkins, "An Interview with Robert Longo," Wired, Surf Issue, No. 1, June, pp. 82-88
Robert Longo: A Retrospective, The Isetan Museum of Art, Tokyo; Ashikaga City Museum, Ashikaga; Kirin Plaza Art Space, Osaka
Carlo McCormick, "Robert Longo's Mnemonic Device," Paper, June, pp. 40-41
Greg Lynn, "A Physique Out of Proportion," Architecture New York, #11, pp. 42-49
David A. Greene, "Crossover Dreams," Frieze, #24, Sept/Oct., pp. 35-36
Ken Johnson, "Johnny Mnemonic," Art in America, October, pp. 59-60
Printmaking in America: Collaborative Prints and Presses 1960-1990. Illinois: Abrams/Block Gallery, Northwestern University; New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc.
Elizabeth Licata, "Living With Art," Artnews, December, pp. 87-90
(Op) Art Galerie, essays by Renate Damsch-Wiehager, Galerie Hans Mayer, Düsseldorf, Germany
1994  Collier Schorr, "Robert Longo: Metro Pictures," Frieze, January/ February, issue 14, p. 51 (illustration)
Vincent Katz, "Robert Longo: Metro Pictures," Art News, February, vol. 93, no. 2, p. 136
Andrew Katz, "Robert Longo: Metro Pictures," Artforum, February, vol. XXXII, No. 6, p. 85 (illustration)
Eleanor Heartney, "Robert Longo at Metro Pictures," Art in America, March, pp. 99-100
Peter Plagens, "I Ought to be in Pictures," Newsweek, April 18, pp. 58-60
Jonathan Romney, "Shooting from the Hip," The Guardian, May 19
Drawings: Reaffirming the Media, University of Missouri, Kansas City Gallery of Art
Christopher Chapman, "Bite the Bullet," World Art, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 62-66 (illustration)
 Oh Boy, It's a Girl: Feiminismen in der Kunst, Kunstverein Munich
1993  "Stilles Mahnmal gegen den Krieg," ART, January
"Riesenkreuze aus Wachs," SuedWest Presse, March 9
Joan Matebosch, "Lucio Silla de Mozart, emblema del Nuevo Salzburg de Mortier, ABC Cataluna, January 29
Sybil Roter, "Mozart hat mich gerufen," Musik und Theater, March 3, pp. 38-41
"Salzburger Mozartwoche," Abendzeitung Muenchen, December 16
Heinz Joseph Herbort, " Oper kann das Groesste seyn," Die Zeit, February 5, p. 58
Anton Gugg, "Ein Fest der Bilder," Die Welt, January 26, p. 8
"Lucio Silla," Die Weltwoche, January 28
Marianne Zelger-Vogt, "Die Macht der Bilder, Macht der Musik," Neue Zuericher Zeitung, January 27, p. 21
Gerhard Rohde, "Seelendurchblicke, fotografisch geschaerft," Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, January 26, p. 25
"The Assistant Question. Interviews with 23 artists," Art in America, January, pp. 85-86
Angelika Heinik, "Badewanne und Oelflasche. ARCO, Madrid," Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, February
Thomas Delekat, "Bilder einer Ausstellung, " Die Deutsche Buehnde, March
Andreas Stockinger, "Supermans rotgoldene Himmelfahrt oder das Ende einer Epoche," Der Standart, Vienna, January 29
Daniele Pabinger, "Superlative vergoldet beerdigt," SVZ, February 4
Heinz-Norbert Jocks, "Installazione When Heaven and Hell Change Places," Domus, March, pp. 78-81
Four American Artists (Longo, Schnabel, Salle, Fischl), Ho-Art Museum, Seoul, Korea
The 21st Century, Kunsthalle Basel, Switzerland
Deborah Treisman, "The Salzburg Set," Avenue, June/ July, p. 11
Heinz-Norbert Jocks, "Robert Longo: Ich bewundere immer Dinge auf die ich neidisch bin" (interview), Kunstforum, No. 123, pp. 288-297
Peter Schjeldahl, "Gun Nuts," The Village Voice, November 23, p. 90
Roberta Smith, "Classics from the Whitney Permanent Collection," The New York Times, Friday, November 19, p. C32
Martin Harrison, "Shots of Sound," Frieze, November/ December, pp. 37-40
Ann Hindry, "Les Images et Les Mots," interview with Rosalind Krauss, Art Press, September, pp. 42-47, original English version pp. E21-25
1992     Timothy W. Luke, Shows of Force: Power. politics, and Ideology in Art Exhibitions, Durham, North Carolina and London: Duke University Press
Allegories of Modernism: Contemporary Drawing, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Kristine McKenna, "An Artist is Now a Director," Los Angeles Times, June 27, pp. F1, F10
American Art of the 80's, essay by Jerry Saltz, Museo d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento, Italy
Beate Kayser, "Macht Lucio Silla endlich Karriere?" TZ Muenchen, December 16
Sabine Dulz, "Das Stueck verschlaegt einem den Atem," Muenchner Merkur, December 16
"When Heaven and Hell Change Places," Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, November 25, p. 37
Karl Harb, "Stuecke nicht aktualisieren, sondern ihre Aktualiaet zeigen," Salzburger Nachrichten, December 16
"Riesen-Friedhof inder Galerie," Der Spiegel, November 6
1991  Artrandom: Robert Longo, text by William Gibson, Kyoto Shoin International Co., Ltd., Kyoto, Japan
Longo, interview by Thomas Kellein, essays by Paul Virilio, Kunstverein Hamburg and Deichtorhallen Hamburg, Dr. Cantz'sche Druckerei, Ostfildern bei Stuttgart
Nancy Princethal, "Robert Longo," Art in America, January, p. 192
Eleanor Heartney, "Robert Longo," Art News, January, pp. 146-147
Jeanne Siegel, "Robert Longo at Metro Pictures," Tema Celeste, Mar/Apr, p. 92
Susan Chadwick, "Superstar Artist Lives Up to Hype in New Exhibition," Houston Post, April 20, pp. F1, F6
Erik Daehlin, Hundre Als Bildekunst, Dreyers Forlag, Oslo
Patricia Jonson, "Art Reviews: Robert Longo," Houston Chronicle, April 24
Angelika Kindermann, "Nach dem K.O. kam die Karriere," Art November, pp. 146-147
Petra Kipphoff, "50 = 38 = 2x heute," Die Zeit, November 1, p. 68
Susanne Weingarten, "Manie der Korrektheit - Faszination des Schreckens," Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, November 7, p. 35
David Galloway, "Trivial Materials, Moral Themes," International Herald Tribune, November 2
"Amerika - kritisch gesehen," Hamburger Abendblatt, October 26
Armin Voelckers, "Gefuehl und Haerte," Prinz, November, p. 132
G. Roger Denson, "Robert Longo: Quest for God and Country," Flash Art, October, pp. 110-114
Robert Longo, Hamburg Kunstverein
1990  Peter Clothier, "Robert Longo: Los ANgeles County Museum of Art," Art News, January, p. 175
David Humphrey, "Robert Longo: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Linda Cathcart Gallery, UCLA Center for the Performing Arts," Flash Art, January/February, p. 135
Michael Anderson, "Robert Longo," Contemporanea, February, p. 84
Black Flags, essay by Caroline Smulders, Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris (cat.)
Affinities and Intuitions: The Gerald S. Elliot Collection of Contemporary Art, Neil Benezra (ed.), The Art Institute of Chicago, Thames and Hudson
Owen McNally, "Monsters in the Gallery," The Hartford Courant, Hartford, Connecticut, June 8, Section B, pp. B1, B5
Susan White, "Robert Longo: A Baby of the NEA," Hartfod Advocate, June 4, p. 3
Andy Grundberg, "Longo in Hartford," The New York Times, August 24
Michael Brenson, "Robert Longo," The New York Times, October 26
Carter Ratcliff, "Longo's Logos," Artforum, January, pp. 105-110
 Elizabeth Hess, "Robert Longo," The Village Voice, November 6
1989  David Rimanelli, "Robert Longo, Metro Pictures," Artforum, January, pp. 110-111
John Sturman, "Robert Longo, Metro Pictures," Art News, January, p. 132
Lawrence Chua, "Robert Longo, Metro Pictures," Flash Art, January/ February, p. 120
Holland Cotter, "Robert Longo at Metro Pictures," Art in America, March, pp. 143-144
Christopher Lewis, "Mondo Longo," Art in America, March, pp. 35-39
Paul Bonaventura, "Robert Longo: A Report to the Future," Arte Factum, Antwerp, February/ March pp. 12-17
"Robert Longo: The Painted 'Moving' Picture," Mizue, Japan, Spring, pp. 88-91
Gert Z. Nordstrom, "Bilden I det Postmoderna Samhallet," Carlssons Bokforlag, Stockholm
"Bravo Longo," interview by Marlaine Glicksman, Film Comment, April, pp. 42-46
A Forest of Signs: Art in the Crisis of Representation, The Museum of Contemporary Art, The MIT PRess, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Germano Celant, Unexpressionism: Art Beyond the Contemporary, New York: Rizzoli International
Kristina McKenna, "In the Footsteps of Warhol: Avant Garde Artists Take a Look at the New Criticality," The Los Angeles Times, May 7, pp. 90-92
Amy Tubin, "MTV Gets a Buzz On," The Village Voice, May 16, p. 53
1989 Media Art Museum, Quest Hall, Tokyo (cat.)
Hunter Drohojowska, "Pop Artist Provocateur," Bazaar Magazine, September
Hunter Drohojowska, "The 80s: Stop Making Sense," Art News, October, pp. 146-151 (cover illustration)
Toshiharu Ito, "Death and Topos in the Split Second: The World of Robert Longo," Mizue, Tokyo, Autumn, pp. 98-109
Akira Asada, Marie Claire Japon, October, pp. 399-404
Elizabeth Zimmer, "The Longo and Short of Dream," Herald Examiner, October 6, p. B2
Dan Sullivan, "A Young Pro Who Knows His Technology," The Los Angeles Times, Calendar Section, October 9, pp. 1-2
William Wilson, "Robert Longo: Too Much Too Soon," The Los Angeles Times, (calendar section), 1 October, pp. 1, 8 and 79, (cover illustration)
Kim Leavin, "Studio Visit," Mirabella, October, pp. 50-51
David Lida, "La Longo Vita," Elle, October, pp. 244-246
M.D., "The Galleries," The Los Angeles Times, October 6, Part VI, p. 17
Jan Breslauer, "Longo's Dream Jumble: Multimedia in Six Acts," The Los Angeles Times, October 6, Part VI, pp. 18-19
Robert Longo, essay by Howard N. Fox, Hal Foster, Katherin Dieckman, Brian Wallis, Los Angeles County Museum of Art and Rizzoli, New York
Fondation Daniel Templon: Muse Temporaire Exposition Inagurale, Frejus, France
Jack Kroll, "Riding the Apocalypse - Dream Jumbo: Working the Absolutes," Newsweek, October 23, p. 80
Peter Frank, "Deliberate Provocation: Robert Longo Makes a Spectacle of Himself - and Us," LAWeekly, October 27 - November 2, pp. 65-67
Susan Kandel, "Robert Longo," Art Issues, Los Angeles, December, p. 25
Roy Traykin, "Robert Longo: Untitled," Details, December-January, p. 169
Image World: Art and Media Culture, essays by Marvin Heifferman and Lisa Phillips, The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Sandra Tsing Loh, "Robert Longo's Dream Jumbo: Working the Absolutes at Royce Hall," LA Weekly, October 20, p. 89
1988  Richard Huntington, "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly," Art News, January, p. 9
"Robert Longo," Bijutsu Techo, Tokyo, January, pp. 17-88
"Robert Longo: A Project for Artforum," Artforum, March, pp. 106-107
Klaus Honnef, Kunst der Gegenwart, Taschen, Koln
"Mondo Longo," interview by Emily Prager, Interview, May, pp. 86-89
Lisa Robinson, "Robert Longo, the Artist as Rock Visionary," Vogue, June pp. 70-74
Didier Semin, "Pour la documenta a Champignac," Art Press, Paris, May, pp. 30-33
Visions/ revisions: Contemporary Representation, essay by Sam Hunter, Marlborough, New York
Rita Gilbert and William McCarter, Living with Art
Alfred A. Knopf The World of Art Today, essay by Russell Bowman, Milwaukee Art Museum
Vera Dika, "Robert Longo: Performance Into Film, " Artscribe, London, Summer, pp. 72-76
Glenn Rechler, "Robert Longo" (interview), Splash, December
American Art Since 1945, Tochigi Prefectual Museum of Fine Arts, Japan
Het Postmodern Aan Kinderen Verklaard, Bonnefantenmuseum Maastricht, Holland
Neal Benezra, "Overstated Means/ Undeerstated Meaning," Smithsonian Studies in American Art, Winter, pp. 19-31
Carlo McCormick, "Fighting the Longo Logo," Paper, October, p. 24
"Smart Set: Robert Longo," Smart, Fall, p. 15
Roberta Smith, "Robert Longo" (review), The New York Times, November 4, p. C24
Robert Atkins, "New This Week: Robert Longo," 7 Days, November 9, p. 63
Robert Atkins, "New This Week: Robert Longo," 7 Days, November 9, p. 63
"Solid Ashes: Lia Gieling in gespreh met Robert Longo," Nederelands Theaterbock, October, pp. 20-25
Hal Foster, "Robert Longo," Artstudio, Paris, Winter, pp. 102-121
1987  Eleanor Heartney, "Robert Longo, Metro Pictures," Art News, January, pp. 155-156
J.W. Mahoney, "Robert Longo, Metro Pictures," New Art Examiner, February, p. 57
Donald Kuspit, "Robert Longo, Metro Pictures," Artforum, February, pp. 111-112
Jane Rankin-Reid, "Robert Longo, Metro Pictures, New York," Tema Celeste, Siracusa, Italy, February/March, pp. 57-58
Avant-Garde in the Eighties, essay by Howard N. Fox, Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Robert Longo, "New York City, The Imperial City," New York, May, p. 4
Dan Cameron, "Robert Longo Metro Pictures," Flash Art, May, pp. 86-87
All America: The Catalogue of Everything American, New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc.
"Documenta 8," Art, Hamburg, June, pp. 34-46
Implosion: A Postmodern Perspective, essays by Lars Nittve, Germano Celant, Kate Linker, Craig Owens, Moderna Museet, Stockholm
"Documenta Special," Wolkenkratzer Art Journal, Frankfurt, June/July/August, p. 53
Documenta 8, Kassel, West Germany
L'Eppoque La Mode La Morale La Passion, Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris
Robert Longo, "Richard Price" (interview), Interview, November, pp. 104-107
Philippe Dagen, "Robert Longo: l'art est necessairement politique," Le Monde Paris, June 6
"Le Longo Art," Actuel, Paris, June
Demosthenes Davvetas, "L'Eruption de Robert Longo," Liberation, Paris, June
Jean-Louis Pradel, "Unfort vent d'ouest nomme Longo," L'evenement du Jeudi, Paris, June 18
David Hershkovits, "Just Like In the Movies," Paper, October, p. 25
David Hershkovits "Taking Direct Action," Harpers Bazaar, November
Process and Product: The Making of Eight Contemporary Masterworks, essays by Donald Kuspit and Linda Weintraub, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York
Post-Abstract Abstraction, essay by Eugene Schwartz, The Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Connecticut
1986  An American Renaissance: Painting and Sculpture Since 1940, essay by Karen Koehler, Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale
Carter Ratcliff, "Robert Longo," Artpress, Paris, February, pp. 12-15 (cover illustration)
Robert Longo: Studies and Prints, essay by Michael Parke-Taylor, Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, University of Regina, Sasketchawan, Canada
Robert Longo: Sequences/ Men in the Cities, essay by Lucinda Barnes, University Art Museum, California State University, Long Beach
Suzanne Muchnic, "Constant Lure of Longo's 'Men'," Los Angeles Times, March 31, part VI, pp. 1, 4
Fidel Danieli, "Robert Longo," Artscene, Los Angeles, March
Alan Jones, "Robert Longo Goes to Hollywood," NY Talk, pp. 34-37
"Ars Longo," Vanity Fair, April, p. 25
Michael Brenson, "Art: Robert Longo and His 'Steel Angels'," The New York Times, May 16
Gabriele Perretta, "Robert Longo" (interview), Flash Art, edizione Italiano, June pp. 60-62
Das Automobil in der Kunst, Haus der Kunst, Munich
Carter Ratcliff, "Urban Profit," Elle, October, pp 86, 88
Gerald Marzorati, "Longo's Journey into Hype," Vanity Fair, October, p. 134
Jos Van den Bergh, "De wereld volgens Robert Longo," Knack, Brussels, August, pp. 94-96
"Art Up Front: Robert Longo," Brutus, Tokyo, No 11/1
David Hershkovits, "Art Brat Grows Up," Paper, New York, p. 29
Richard Marshall and Robert Mapplethorpe, "50 New York Artists," Chronicle
H.H. Arnason, History of Modern Art, third edition
Longo in Tokyo, essay by Junji Itoh, Spiral Gallery, Wacoal Art Center, Tokyo
Monumental Drawing: Works by 22 Contemporary Americans, essay by Charlotta Kotik, The Brooklyn Museum, New York

Sources include:
Robertlongo.com

Biography from GallArt.com:
Robert Longo, American (1953 - )

Robert Longo was born in 1953 in Brooklyn, New York and raised in Long Island. He had a childhood fascination with mass media: movies, television, magazines, and comic books, which continue to influence his art.

Longo began college at the University of North Texas, in the town of Denton, but left before getting a degree. He later studied sculpture under Leonda Finke, who encouraged him to pursue a career in the visual arts. In 1972, Longo received a grant to study at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence, Italy. Upon his return to New York, Longo enrolled at Buffalo State College, where he received a BFA in 1975.

In college, Longo and his friends established an avant-garde art gallery in their co-op building, the Essex Art Center, which was originally a converted ice factory; the gallery became Hallwalls Contemporary Art Center. Through his gallery efforts, Longo met many local and New York City artists. Longo eventually moved to New York City to join the underground art scene of the 1970s.

Although he studied sculpture, drawing remained Longo's favorite form of self-expression. However, the sculptural influence pervades his drawing technique, as Longo's "portraits" have a distinctive chiseled line that seems to give the drawings a three-dimensional quality. Longo uses graphite like clay, molding it to create images like the writhing, dancing figures in his seminal "Men in the Cities" series. One drawing from this series was used as the album cover to Glenn Branca's album The Ascension.

Working on themes of power and authority, Longo produced a series of blackened American flags (Black Flags 1989–91) as well as over-sized hand guns (Bodyhammers 1993–95). From 1995 to 1996 he worked on his "Magellan" project, 366 drawings (one per day) that formed an archive of the artist's life and surrounding cultural images. "Magellan" was followed by 2002's "Freud Drawings", which reinterpreted Edmund Engelman's famous documentary images of Sigmund Freud's flat, moments before his flight from the Nazis. In 2002 and 2004 he presented "Monsters", Bernini-esque renderings of massive breaking waves and "The Sickness of Reason", baroque renderings of atomic bomb blasts. "Monsters" was included in the 2004 Whitney Biennial.

Longo had major retrospective exhibitions at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in 1989 and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago in 1990, a touring exhibition throughout Japan in 1995, and more recently a "Survey Exhibition 1980-2009," at Musee D'Art Moderne Et D'Art Contemporain de Nice in France in 2009 and at Museu Colecção Berardo in Lisbon, Portugal in 2010.

To create works such as Barbara and Ralph, Longo projects photographs of his subjects onto paper and traces the figures in graphite, removing all details of the background. After he records the basic contours, his long-time illustrator, Diane Shea, works on the figure for about a week, filling in the details. Next, Longo goes back into the drawing, using graphite and charcoal to provide "all the cosmetic work". Longo continues to work on the drawing, making numerous adjustments until it is completed about a week later.

The process of making a lithograph is equally involved. Studio assistants do the basic work, a practice that has a long precedent in classical art.

In the 1980s, Longo directed several music videos, including New Order's Bizarre Love Triangle, Megadeth's Peace Sells and The One I Love by R.E.M. He is responsible for the front covers of Glenn Branca's The Ascension from 1981 and The Replacements' 1985 album Tim, while his work has inspired others such as Circlesquare's music video Dancers.

He also directed the cyberpunk movie Johnny Mnemonic, starring Keanu Reeves, Dolph Lundgren and Takeshi Kitano, and a short film named Arena Brains. During the late 1980s and early 1990s Longo developed a number of performance art theatre pieces, such as Marble Fog and Killing Angels, collaborating with Stuart Argabright and the guitarist Chuck Hammer.

He was the leader and guitarist of a musical act called Robert Longo's Menthol Wars, which performed punk experimental music in New York rock clubs in the late 1970s. During the same period, he also performed with Rhys Chatham in Chatham's Guitar Trio, producing a series of slowly fading slides entitled Pictures for Music", which was played behind the musicians.

His work from the "Men in Cities" series is also prominently displayed in the apartment of fictional character Patrick Bateman in the film of American Psycho.

Longo's ground breaking series, "Men In The Cities", draws its strength and inspiration from Longo's fascination with the works of many artists in many media, but particularly from Hollywood's stylization of violence. His figures are captured in mid-motion; one wonders whether they are dancing or dying. Their creation and popularity have come to represent the high-speed, high-pressure decade of the 1980's. Longo describes the subjects in this series as "...doomed souls. They're people who built the buildings that would eventually fall on them."

He views his work as abstract symbols, "...more like Japanese calligraphy, or logos" . Longo works with assistants to create an image and, as an artist, focuses on the communication in his images rather than the craft of producing the image.

Asked about his influences, he names the New York Post, the films of Sam Peckinpah, modern artists such as Vito Acconci, Sol LeWitt, Robert Smithson, Edward Hopper, and Egon Schiele, and further, Greek and Roman sculpture.

Longo was born in New York City's Brooklyn and lives and works on the East Coast. He has exhibited his thought-provoking drawings in New York, Texas, Milan, Munich, Naples, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Paris and Tokyo, as well as many other United States galleries.

Biography from Butler Institute of American Art:
American painter, sculptor, performance artist and video artist. He received his BFA in 1975 from the State University College in Buffalo, NY, with a professed ambition to reach the largest possible audience. In his early work, notably a series of large-scale drawings in charcoal and graphite entitled "Men in the Cities" (e.g. Untitled, 1.52?1.98 m, 1981; Atlanta, GA, High Mus. A.), he treated contorted, life-size human figures in isolation or in group situations in which the struggle for power created a menacing atmosphere.

He also produced monumental works combining flat images derived from photographs with elements in sculptural relief, such as "Sword of the Pig" (2.48?5.88?0.51 m, 1983; London, Tate). During the late 1980s he was increasingly involved with films such as "Arena Brains" (30 minutes, 1988), which depicts life in the SoHo district of Manhattan.

** If you discover credit omissions or have additional information to add, please let us know at registrar@AskART.com.


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