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 John Douglas (J.D.) Patrick  (1863 - 1937)

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Lived/Active: Missouri/Pennsylvania/Kansas      Known for: animal, genre, portrait painting, art education

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Ad Code: 4
John Douglas Patrick
from Auction House Records.
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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
John Douglas Patrick (1863-1937)

The son of Scottish immigrants, he was born in Hopewell, Pennsylvania in 1863; he died in Kansas City, Missouri, in January, 1937.  A painter, he specialized in landscapes, portraits, still life.  He was also a teacher.

He moved with his family from Pennsylvania to a farm near Lenexa in 1878.  Patrick attended the St. Louis School of Art for four years then left in 1885 to study at the Academié Julian in Paris.  His talent was recognized by the faculty and he had paintings accepted for the Paris Salon, the prestigious annual exhibition, in 1886 and 1887.

The following year, he painted his masterpiece, Brutality, a monumental canvas that graphically depicts a Parisian worker beating his horse.  Painted in response to the common Parisian social problem of cruelty to horses, Brutality was shown to great acclaim at the Salon of 1888 and established Patrick's career.  It now hangs in the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City.

Patrick returned to the U.S. in 1889 and taught for 3 years at the St. Louis School of Art.  He moved to Kansas City in 1903 and joined the faculty at the Kansas City Art Institute where he remained the primary painting teacher for 32 years.  He was a prominent leader in the Kansas City artistic community in the early part of the 20th century.
Source:
AWARDS:
Paris Universal Exposition 1899 for “Brutality”.

COLLECTIONS:
St. Louis Art Museum; Kansas City Art Institute; Johnson County Historical Museum; Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art; more that 200 items listed in the Inventory of American Painters.

SOURCES:
Susan Craig, "Biographical Dictionary of Kansas Artists (active before 1945)"
Newlin, Gertrude Dix (Development of Art in Kansas. Typed Manuscript, 1951); Sain, Lydia. Kansas Artists, compiled by Lydia Sain from 1932 to 1948. Typed Manuscript, 1948.; Snow, Florence. “Kansas Art and Artists”, in Kansas Teacher Aug-Sept. 1927, p.18-19; Oct. 1927, p.10, 12; Nov. 1927, p.11-12; Dec. 1927, p.7-8; Jan. 1928, p. 14-15; Feb. 1928, p.20-21; Mar. 1928, p.10-12; Apr. 1928, p. 16-17; May 1928, p.14, 16; June-July 1928, p.13-14.; Federal Writers’ Project of the Work Projects Administration for the State of Kansas. Kansas: A Guide to the Sunflower State. (American Guide Series) New York: Viking Press, 1939.; Dawdy 2: Dawdy, Doris Ostrander. Artists of the American West: A Biographical Dictionary. Volume 2. Chicago: Swallow Press, 1981.; Rosedale CD 1906,1908-12, 1916; Art Digest, Dec. 15, 1936; Fink, Lois Marie. American Art at the Nineteenth-Century Paris Salons. Washington: Smithsonian Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1990.; AskArt, www.askart.com, accessed Dec. 22, 2005; Scott, Amy Beth. Academic Art and Animal Cruelty: The Legacy of John Douglas Patrick, 1863-1936. (MA Thesis, University of Missouri-Kansas City, 1996).
This and over 1,750 other biographies can be found in Biographical Dictionary of Kansas Artists (active before 1945) compiled by Susan V. Craig, Art & Architecture Librarian at University of Kansas.

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