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 Titian Ramsay Peale  (1799 - 1885)

/ PEEL/
About: Titian Ramsay Peale
 

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Lived/Active: Pennsylvania      Known for: survey-science, wildlife, botanics

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Ad Code: 3
Titian Ramsay Peale
from Auction House Records.
Five Bobwhites at the Delaware Water Gap
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Born and raised in Philadelphia, Titian Peale became one of America's earliest and foremost animal painters and naturalist illustrators. As an expedition artists, museum curator and collector, illustrator and expedition artist, he traveled including the upper Mississippi River, Rocky Mountains, Florida and the northern regions of South America.

Titian Peale grew up in the atmosphere of the natural science museum founded by his father, Charles Willson Peale, and Titian showed early talent sketching animals. He studied anatomy at the University of Pennsylvania where he made drawings of specimens in the University's collections. In 1817 at age 18, he was elected to the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, and one year later, accompanied an expedition to Florida to document flora and fauna.

From 1819 to 1820, he was Assistant Naturalist to Thomas Say on Major Stephen Long's topographical expedition to the Rocky Mountains. The specific goal was to find the source of the Platte River with a return through Arkansas and the Red Rivers to the Mississippi. Although they did not find the source of the Platte, the group was the first official party to climb Pike's Peak.

His specific assignment was to collect and record specimens of birds, mammals, reptiles, fishes and insects, and his Long Expedition sketches, numbering over one hundred, also included some landscapes and views of Indian life. He also became a skilled huntsman in addition to serving as recorder.

He later joined Wilkes' Expedition to the South Seas and went on a number of other shorter journeys. On all these trips he collected specimens and made watercolor sketches, 50 of them which are at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia. He also took trips to South America and the Pacific Ocean. He did a few oil paintings, but they are extremely rare.

He illustrated "American Ornithology" and "Lepidoptera Americana," and in his later years, became a pioneer photographer.


Source:
Michael David Zellman, "300 Years of American Art"
Peter Falk, "Who Was Who in American Art"

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Titian R. Peale II was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1799. He was the youngest child of Charles Willson Peale. He was raised in Philadelphia; he became one of America's earliest and foremost animal painters. He grew up in the atmosphere of the natural science museum founded by his father. He studied anatomy at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1817 at the age of eighteen he was elected to the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia and one year later, he accompanied an expedition to Florida to document flora and fauna.

From 1819 to 1820 he was Assistant Naturalizer to Thomas Say on Major Stephen Long's topographical expedition to the Rocky Mountains. The specific goal was to find the source of the Platte River. Although they did not find it, the group was the first official party to climb Pike's Peak. Titian's specific assignment was to collect and record specimens of birds, mammals, reptiles, fishes and insects, and his Long Expedition sketches, numbering over one hundred, also included some landscapes and views of Indian life. He served in the same capacity for the Wilkes Expedition of 1838 through 1842. In between he ran the Philadelphia Museum in cooperation with his brother Franklin.

Titian became an Assistant Examiner at the Patent Office where he worked for a quarter of a century. A gifted photographer and artist, he wrote and illustrated a catalog of Lepidoptera of the New World. He died in 1885.


Sources include:
From the internet, AskART.com
An article in Smithsonian Magazine written by Lillian B. Miller (date unknown)

Written and submitted by Jean Ershler Schatz, artist and researcher form Laguna Woods, California.

Biography from Altermann Galleries and Auctioneers, III:
Born: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1799 (or 1800)
Died: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1885

Artist in the Rockies in 1819-20, pioneer naturalist.

Titian Peale, the youngest son of Charles Wilson Peale, was named for his older brother who had died in 1798. As a youngster, he worked in a cotton-spinning factory. At 17, he attended the University of Pennsylvania to study anatomy, taxidermy, and specimen drawing. Two years later, he joined an expedition to collect Georgia coast fauna. In 1819, he was assistant naturalist for Maj Long’s expedition to the Rockies. When he returned he was assistant manager of the Philadelphia Museum. He went to Florida in 1823 to illustrate “American Ornithology” and “American Entomology.” Eight years later he traveled to Colombia for his own “Lepidoptera Americana.” The next year he became manager of the museum. From 1838 to 1842 he was a member of the expedition to the South Seas. From 1849 to 1872, after financial difficulties at the museum, he was an examiner in the US Patent Office.

His Western experiences were limited to the 1819-20 Long expedition where he was an assistant to the naturalist Thomas Say and junior to the established artist Samuel Seymour. He wintered 1819-1920 near Omaha, Nebraska, collecting animal and insect specimens and making field sketches of buffalo as well as the first rendering of a tepee. In 1820, the expedition moved westward to the Rockies. Peale sketched a Pawnee Indian fort on the Platte. In the report on the expedition, he was credited with 122 sketches.

Resource: SAMUELS’ Encyclopedia of ARTISTS of THE AMERICAN WEST,
Peggy and Harold Samuels, 1985, Castle Publishing

** If you discover credit omissions or have additional information to add, please let us know at registrar@AskART.com.


Titian Peale is also mentioned in these AskART essays:
Painted in Latin America
Artists who painted Hawaii

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