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 Norman Wilfred Lewis  (1909 - 1979)

About: Norman Wilfred Lewis
 

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Lived/Active: New York      Known for: non objective, ethnic genre-views

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BIOGRAPHY for Norman Lewis
Facts/Data
Birth
1909 (Harlem, New York)
 
Death
1979 (New York City)

Lived/Active
New York

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non objective, ethnic genre-views

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Categories of Interest

Abstract Expressionism
Black American Artists
Modernism
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Born in New York City, Norman Lewis was an Abstract Expressionist painter and art teacher. He studied art at Columbia University and became was a junior high school art teacher in New York, a supervisor of the art center at A & T Col & Bennett College, and also taught art in many other places including the Art Students League. An African-American artist, he explored the esthetic qualities of the color black. He also painted in bright colors. His associates in New York were Lionel Feininger, Mark Tobey and Morris Graves. Although he had much respect from these contemporaries, his reputation did not remain strong.


Source:
Peter Falk, "Who Was Who in American Art"

Biography from Michael Rosenfeld Gallery:
Norman Lewis was born in New York City and studied with Augusta Savage at the Savage School of Arts and Crafts (1933) and at Columbia University (c.1933-1935). During the Great Depression, Lewis taught art through the Federal Arts Project at the Harlem Community Arts Center (1936-1939), and later with Elizabeth Catlett and Charles White at the George Washington Carver School.

Lewis frequented 306, an artist's workshop headed by artist Charles Alston that served as a center for the most creative minds in Harlem. Although Lewis joined the Artists Union and was an ardent political activist, he believed that "political and social aspects should not be the primary concern; esthetic ideas should have preference."

Lewis's work of the late 1930s and early 1940s was predominantly figurative social realism, depicting the lives of the urban black families and workers. In the mid-1940s, Lewis abandoned realism and began to explore abstraction, becoming an important artist of the New York School and Abstract Expressionist movement. By the late 1940s, Lewis was represented by Willard Gallery in New York City and had developed his own personal calligraphic style consisting of fluid forms suggesting groups of figures in activity.

In 1955, Lewis received the Carnegie International Award in Painting, making him the first African-American artist to receive this prestigious prize. In 1963, Lewis was a founding member of the Spiral Group, and in 1969, along with Romare Bearden and Ernest Crichlow, founded Cinque Gallery, a downtown gallery dedicated to emerging minority artists.

A recipient of a National Endowment for the Arts Grant (1972) and a Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship (1975), Lewis received his first retrospective exhibition in 1976 at the Graduate Center of City College, New York. More recently, Lewis has been the subject of two solo exhibitions: The Studio Museum in Harlem?s exhibition, "Norman Lewis: Black Paintings 1946-1977" (April 1 - September 20, 1998) and the Michael Rosenfeld Gallery exhibition, "Norman Lewis: Intuitive Markings - Works on Paper, 1945-1975" (May 6 - August 13, 1999).

Biography from Butler Institute of American Art:
Born in New York City, Norman Lewis focused his work on African-American life in Harlem. He studied at Columbia University with help from the WPA project in the 1930’s and later worked with Augusta Savage. He also was commissioned by the WPA to decorate the Harlem Art Center with many other black artists.

In the 1930’s Lewis began to veer towards abstraction, eventually joining the Spiral Group in the 1960’s, which produced art in response to the civil rights movement. Lewis worked at the Art Student’s League and helped found the Cinque Gallery with fellow African-American Artists, Ernie Crichlow and Romare Bearden.

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