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 Rachel Ruysch  (1664 - 1750)

About: Rachel Ruysch


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Lived/Active: Netherlands      Known for: floral still life paintings

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BIOGRAPHY for Rachel Ruysch
1664 (The Hague)


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floral still life paintings

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Biography from Daphne Alazraki Fine Art:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Rachel Ruysch was born in 1664 in The Hague. Ruysch's father was a renowned anatomist who, in 1666, took up a professorship in Amsterdam. He had a celebrated collection of rarities there, and published extensively about it. Ruysch's mother was a daughter of the architect Pieter Post (who built Huis ten Bosch, the residence of the present Queen of the Netherlands). In 1679, Ruysch became a pupil of Willem van Aelst. In 1693, she married the portrait painter Juriaen Pool (1666-174 5), a union that was blessed with ten children. In 1701, the couple moved to The Hague, where they joined the guild. In 1708, Juriaen and Rachel were appointed court painters of the Elector Palatine Johann Willem in Düsseldorf, who, until his death in 1716, purchased all the work they produced there. In 1716, the family returned to Amsterdam. Ruysch continued to paint until a ripe old age, although her production gradually dwindled. She died in 1750.

Dated work by Ruysch is known from 1681 to 1747, when she was 83 years old.' Extant work dates from most of the years between 1681 and 1723, peaking numerically in 1690, 1701, and 1715-16 (following a period of few or no dated works after 1712). Rachel's earliest paintings were a few festoons (early 168os), but mainly herb pieces (1680s); from 1707 on, she painted a number of outdoor fruit pieces. The majority of her oeuvre consists of flower pieces, some of them small posies without a vase. Rachel Ruysch's work was much esteemed and well paid. At least four portraits of her have survived. Shortly before her death, a collection of poems in her honour, written by eleven of her contemporaries, was published.

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