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 Leopold Schmutzler  (1864 - 1941)

About: Leopold Schmutzler


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Lived/Active: Germany      Known for: painting

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BIOGRAPHY for Leopold Schmutzler
1864 (Mies in Bohemia)
1941 (Munchen, Germany)


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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Leopold Schmutzler (1864-1941)

A painter of semi-erotic women figures, human genre scenes and the values and traditions of farm and working class  life, he was born at Mies in Bohemia and settled in Munich where he died in 1941. 

His works of the late nineteenth-century, like the Russell-Cotes painting, treat contemporary and 'frock-coat' genre subjects with titles such as The Suitor, The Center of Attention or Woman Eavesdropping on a Conversation.  They tend to be painted in a realistic style recalling the 'gallant' subjects of eighteenth-century painting that were so fashionable at the time.  The Minuet, like many of the artist’s works of this period, is proficiently executed with a detailed but free handling of the paint and it is characterized by a cloying, saccharine quality.  Several couples are represented dancing in a luxurious interior.  Their smiles appear forced and the figures in the painting, rather than conveying the dynamism of the dance, appear frozen, almost as if they were made of porcelain.

In the early twentieth century, Schmutzler exchanged his detailed technique for a broader style in tune with the fashion for Art Déco.

His emphasis on the depiction of tradition and glorification of farm life before the industrial age and the working class made him a favorite of the Nazi regime, reflecting the regimes "Blood and Soil" ideology.  This earned him a place on  the infamous “Gottbegnadeten”-list – the list of artists that were in favor of the Nazis and were therefore spared from military service or pursuit.

He lived and worked in Austria and Germany until 1940.

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