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 Johann Heinrich Tischbein, the Elder  (1722 - 1789)



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Lived/Active: Germany      Known for: figure, portrait, historical, mythological paintings

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BIOGRAPHY for Johann Tischbein, the Elder
1722 (Haina)
1789 (Kassel)


Self portrait -

Often Known For
figure, portrait, historical, mythological paintings

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Biography from Im Kinsky Kunst Auktionen, Vienna:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Johann Heinrich Tischbein was born as one of nine children in 1722 in Haina in Hesse and belonged to the first generation of a family of highly talented painters, helped to determine the epoch of the late Baroque, Rococo and Classicism in Germany.  Tischbein's talent was discovered early and delivered a Paris scholarship.  He was a student of Carle Vanloo (1705 - 1765) and learned in the five years of his stay the French art of fine portraits in the spirit of classicism.

After a stay in Venice by Gian Battista Piazzetta and in Rome, Tischbein returned back to Kassel in 1751, where he was appointed a few years later as the court painter of the Landgrave Wilhelm VIII.  In 1777 he also acted as director of the newly founded Kassel painter and sculptor Academy.

Tischbein died in 1789 at the age of 67 years in Kassel.  In addition to historical and mythological subjects, the portrait was undoubtedly one of his most prominent genres.  He knew how to create within the traditional framework new imagery and balance between representation and private image.  The high scenic quality, the technical bravura and the subtle understanding of color combinations were estimated too highly of his time.

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