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 Johannes Hubertus Leonardus de Haas  (1832 - 1908)



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Lived/Active: Austria/Netherlands/Holland/Belgium      Known for: Hague School style animal, landscape and rural genre painting

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BIOGRAPHY for Johannes de Haas
1832 (Hedel, Holland)
1908 (Konigswinter, Austria)


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Hague School style animal, landscape and rural genre painting

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Johannes Hubertus Leonardus de Haas was a Dutch animal and landscape painter, and a peripheral figure of the Hague School*.

Born at Hedel, De Haas spent his youth in Amsterdam where he got his first art education at evening-classes at the Koninklijke Academie. Consequently he moved to Haarlem where he was apprenticed to the artist Pieter Frederik van Os. During his stay in Haarlem he befriended Paul Gabriël and Hendrik Dirk Kruseman Van Elten, who were also studying with Van Os.

In 1853, together with his two friends, De Haas decided to go to Oosterbeek. Here they came into contact with the influential landscape painter Johannes Warnardus Bilders and the group of painters which had gathered around him, many of whom would later be part of the Hague School. De Haas also met his future wife in Oosterbeek, Bilders' daughter, Caroline. In 1855 he received good reviews for his pictures which were exhibited in Paris from the noted art critic Jean Baptiste Gustave Planche.

In 1857 De Haas first went to Brussels, where he became friends with Willem Roelofs. De Haas frequently returned to the Netherlands and Oosterbeek for inspiration and Caroline. From 1860 his friend Gabriël also lived in Brussels, and De Haas often painted cattle in the landscapes of both Roelofs and Gabriel, fitting in perfectly with both their styles. In 1860 he won the gold medal at the exhibition of Utrecht.

From 1861 until 1869 De Haas was permanently settled in Brussels, painting mainly on the coasts of Flanders and Picardie in northern France. He married Caroline Bilders in 1862, and in 1864 they were briefly joined by her brother, the promising painter Gerard Bilders. In 1865 Caroline died at the age of 24 of tuberculosis, leaving him with a young son. During his stay in Brussels De Haas was instrumental in passing on the style of the Barbizon school to the painters at Oosterbeek.

In 1869 he received gold medals for his work at the exhibitions in Munich. At this time he befriends the future prince regent of Bavaria, Luitpold. This friendship provided him with many opportunities to contribute to exhibitions in Bavaria and later the German Empire. From 1888 he was responsible for the selection of the Dutch entries to the Munich exhibition. This position antagonised many young Dutch painters because of his conservatism.

In 1892 he was chosen by Queen Emma to make a selection from the paintings from the royal collection for an exhibition at the Alte Pinakothek in Munich. De Haas died on August 4, 1908 in Königswinter.


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