1892 (Nikulasarhus, Fljotshild, Iceland)
California/New York / Iceland
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figure sculpture and painting, commemorative monuments
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|These Notes from AskART represent the beginning of a possible future biography for this artist. Please click here if you wish to help in its development:|
|Born in Iceland, a descendant of Leif Ericson, Nina Saemondsson was awarded the Order of Icelandic Falcon by King Christian. |
She was a resident of Hollywood by 1940.
Oakland Art Gallery, 1938
New York World's Fair, 1939
Scandanavian-American Art Society (LA), 1939-40
Edan Hughes, "Artists in California, 1786-1940"
Who's Who in American Art 1940; Index of Artists Supplement (Daniel Mallett).
|Nearly 20,000 biographies can be found in Artists in California 1786-1940 by Edan Hughes and is available for sale ($150). For a full book description and order information please click here.|
|Biography from Spencer Jon Helfen Fine Arts:|
|Born in 1892 on a farm in rural Iceland and the youngest of 15 children, Nina Saemundsson is said to have molded her first sculptures out of snow. While living with an aunt in Copenhagen she began working in clay and studied at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. Upon graduating in 1920, Saemundsson traveled and studied in Rome, London, and Paris. It was there that she started working in marble and was soon noticed by critics. |
Saemundsson traveled to New York in 1926, but instead of returning home she rented a studio, began working, and was to remain in the U.S. for the next 30 years. As in Paris, Saemundsson attracted the attention of critics and collectors. One of her large works, Motherhood (aka "Maternal Love") was purchased by the government of Iceland and installed in Reykjavik, the first independent work by a woman to be on public display in that country. In 1931 a competition was held for a statue to be placed in front of the new Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. Of the 400 artists that entered their work, Saemundsson's sculpture, The Spirit of Achievement, was selected. To this day it graces the entrance of the hotel.
By the mid-1930s Saemundsson was living in Los Angeles, and in 1935 her nine-foot concrete statue of Prometheus Bringing Fire to the Earth, created under the aegis of the Federal Public Works of Art Project, was dedicated in what is now MacArthur Park. In 1936 Saemundsson's statue of Leif Erikson, commissioned and gifted to the city by the Nordic Civic League, was unveiled in Los Angeles's Griffith Park. Another Saemundsson sculpture of Erikson, a full figure standing on the bow of a Viking ship, was installed in Erikson's birthplace in Eiriksstadir, Iceland in 2000 to mark the millennial anniversary of his voyage to North America.
In 1939 Saemundsson's granite sculpture of actress Hedy Lamarr traveled to New York for exhibition at the World's Fair. That same year her sculptures were included in the Scandinavian-American Art Society exhibition at the Stendahl Galleries in Los Angeles, which included sculptures by Ejnar Hansen, and paintings by Christian von Schneidau, Armin Hansen, and others. Saemundsson went on to have a solo show at Gump's Galleries in Los Angeles's Ambassador Hotel. Included was her sculpture, Swan of Tuonela, and among the attendees were many of her celebrated friends, including Cole Porter.
1941 marked another solo show for Saemundsson, at the Grace Nicholson Galleries in Pasadena, which comprised 50 pieces of her sculpture including her busts of Hedy Lamarr and actor Richard Cromwell, and was dubbed “The Art Thrill of the Week” by critic Arthur Millier. Saemundsson also created sculpture for feature films such as The Moon and Sixpence (1942). For the “Artists of Los Angeles and Vicinity” exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum in 1943, where the sculptures were selected by Boris Lovet-Lorski, Saemundsson's piece Awakening was included, along with work by Eugenia Everett and others. In 1947 Saemundsson traveled back to Iceland as a guest of the government. Seventy-five of her sculptures were shipped there for her one-woman show in Reykjavik, and while there she was decorated with the Order of the Icelandic Falcon in recognition of her artistic achievements.
Around this time Saemundsson had also begun painting, and she and her domestic partner, scriptwriter Polly James, entertained friends and collectors at their home on Camrose Drive near the Hollywood Bowl. Saemundsson often appeared in Hollywood society columns, mentioning her dinner parties where guests such as Dalzell Hatfield socialized and viewed her recent work. Active in local art circles and the Scandinavian-American community, Saemundsson exhibited often during the early 1950s, including a solo show of her sculpture, as well as paintings of her native Iceland, at Los Angeles's Landau Gallery.
Saemundsson returned to Iceland in 1955, with a solo show at its National Museum in 1956. Nina Saemundsson passed away in 1965, but she remains one of Iceland's most revered artists. In 2008 there was an exhibition of her sculptures at the Reykjavik Art Museum, and in November of 2010 her work was singled out in the Internet blog of the U.S. Ambassador to Iceland as a highlight of his visit to Iceland's National Gallery.
Syracuse Post Standard, 1926.
Los Angeles Times, 1926-1996.
Olean Herald (NY), 1931.
Uniontown Daily News Standard (PA), 1931.
Ogden Standard Examiner (UT), 1939.
Lowell Sun (MA), 1947.
Long Beach Independent (CA), 1951-1954. “Reception for Artist Today.”
Morgunbladid (Iceland), 2001
Iceland Review Online, 2008.
Sons of Norway Fraternal Organization – Newsletter, 2009.
Norumbega Tidende, 2010.
Web sites: Ambassador’s Blog – "Discovering Kjarval and others at Iceland’s magnificent Listasafn"; Internet Movie Database; Reykjavik Art Museum; Skadi Germanic Forum
Biography submitted by Spencer Helfen.
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