1869 (Jackson, California)
1950 (San Francisco, California)
California / Netherlands/Europe
Self portrait - Artist self-portrait
Copyright by Artist
Often Known For
landscape, figure, still life and genre painting
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Categories of Interest
Impressionists Pre 1940
San Francisco Panama-Pacific Exhibition 1915
|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|Considered a foremost exponent of pure French Impressionism, Joseph Raphael spent much of his career in Europe although California lays a strong claim to him. He was both a painter and etcher and was born in Jackson, California in 1869. |
At age eighteen, Raphael began a ten-year study period at the School of Design in San Francisco under Arthur Mathews and Douglas Tilden. In 1902 he furthered his art studies in Paris at Ecole des Beaux-Arts and Academie Julian under Laurens. Europe remained his home for the next thirty-seven years, spending most of his time in Holland, France, and Belgium while his San Francisco agent exhibited his paintings regularly in local shows.
With World War II approaching, he moved to San Francisco in 1939 and maintained a studio at 345 Sutter Street until his death on December 11, 1950.
His early works were influenced by Dutch genre painting, but his proximity to the French Impressionists soon lightened his palette. Internationally known, he was one of the foremost advocates of Impressionism in California. He was primarily an oil painter, and his oeuvre also includes watercolors, etching, pen and ink drawings, and woodcuts.
He had a family of five children and often used them as models in settings of flower and vegetable gardens. He was a member of the San Francisco Art Association and the California Society of Etchers.
Source: Artists in California, 1786-1940 by Edan Hughes
|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|Joseph Morris Raphael holds a high place in the California, American and French Schools of Impressionism. Raphael became one of the most famous students of his esteemed teacher Arthur F. Mathews at the California School of Design. Later Raphael would continue his art studies in Paris at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, and at the Academie Julian under Jean-Paul Laurens. Early in his career he lived in Uccle, Belgium.
For most of his career he remained a devoted follower of pure French Impressionism.|
|Biography from Edenhurst Gallery (Artists M to Z):|
|Joseph Raphael was a California artist born in Jackson, California in 1869. He is known largely as an expatriate painter, spending most of his artistic career in Holland, France, and Belgium.|
He first studied in San Francisco at the School of Design under famous California artist Arthur Mathews. At the turn of the twentieth century he turned his studies to Europe and in Paris studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts and the Academie Julian.
Raphael was a very prolific painter whose style was very expressive, often painting in thick layers of heavy impasto applied with a brush. His paintings of flower gardens and of children in outdoors scenes are very colorful and im some ways similar to the technique used by an earlier European generation, especially post impressionist artists like Vincent van Gogh.
His work is represented in several major California museums. He exhibited extensively in the Paris Salon exhibitions as well as in San Francisco, winning a gold medal at the Panama Pacific Expo in 1915.
|Biography from William A. Karges Fine Art - Beverly Hills:|
|Joseph Raphael was born in Jackson, California, in 1869, and studied at the San Francisco School of Design before leaving for Paris to attend the Ecole des Beaux Arts and the Academie Julian. |
While continuing to exhibit his works in galleries in San Francisco, Raphael would remain a resident of Europe for 37 years. Only with the approach of WW II did he return to California, where his pure Impressionist style was well received.
|Biography from Spanierman Gallery:|
|Joseph Raphael, a painter of sunlit floral landscapes and a graphic
artist of some renown, was born in San Francisco, California in
1869. He demonstrated an early affinity for art by copying the
works of such popular illustrators as Charles Dana Gibson. In
1888, Raphael entered the Mark Hopkins Institute of the San Francisco
Art Association. During his four-year course of study, he won a
prestigious scholarship, in addition to receiving employment as a
teaching assistant. |
Raphael was active in the San Francisco
area during the 1890s, first as a newspaper illustrator and later as a
sign painter. By 1903 he had saved enough money to pursue studies
in Paris. He attended classes at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and at
the Académie Julian under Jean-Paul Laurens. During this Parisian
interval, he supported himself by creating illustrations for a number
of French magazines. The same year Raphael discovered the
artist's colony in the charming town of Laren, southeast of Amsterdam,
and until 1911, he divided his time between that community and
Paris. During his sojourn in Laren, he produced work that
reflects the sombre, tonal genre scenes of the Hague School
artists. Its merit was acknowledged in 1906 when Raphael received
an honorable mention at the Paris Salon for The Feast of the
Burgomaster. Also in 1906, his oil painting, The Town Crier, was purchased from a San Francisco Art Association exhibition and donated to the M. H. de Young Museum.
1910, Raphael stayed for eight months in San Francisco, where he
exhibited his predominantly figural Dutch series at the Art
Association. Following his return to Laren in 1912, he married
Johanna Jongkindt and moved to a small cottage in Uccle, a suburb of
Brussels. Raphael's Uccle works are characterized by luminous
renditions of his bountiful flower and vegetable garden, painted with a
light palette and broad divisionist strokes, reflecting his study in
Paris. This vibrant style earned the artist the silver medal at
the 1915 Panama Pacific International Exposition, where six of his
canvases were displayed.
In the teens, Raphael discovered a new
outlet for his talents, that of etching. By 1913, his first
prints began appearing at the California Association of Etchers.
A war-induced shortage of art materials, beginning around 1918,
prompted the artist to turn to alternate media, and he began to work in
pen and ink, watercolor and woodcut, for which supplies were more
Throughout the 1920s and early 1930s, Raphael
continued to send oils, etchings, watercolors and woodcuts to
exhibitions in California, establishing a continuing reputation in the
Bay area in spite of his prolonged absence.
The Depression years
were difficult for the Raphael family. In 1934, increasing rent
forced them to move to Oegstgeest, a suburb of Leiden, where the artist
again had space for a vegetable and flower garden, by now a favorite
subject. In 1939, Raphael visited San Francisco, taking along
many paintings and prints created during the 1930s. The outbreak
of World War II prevented his return to Europe and unfortunately he was
unable to see his wife before she died in 1945. Instead, he
remained in San Francisco, continuing his successful career with sunlit
scenes of Northern California, until his death in 1950.
Joseph Raphael spent most of his life in Europe, he is considered one
of the foremost exponents of Northern California Impressionism.
He is widely acclaimed for his original and vigorous outdoor scenes.
Raphael's work is represented in the collections of the Los Angeles
County Museum of Art; the M. H. de Young Museum, San Francisco; the
Oakland Museum of California; the San Diego Museum of Art; the Stanford
University Museum and Art Gallery; and many other public and private
©The essay herein is the property of
Spanierman Gallery, LLC and is copyrighted by Spanierman Gallery, LLC.
It may not be reproduced without written permission from Spanierman
Gallery, LLC nor shown or communicated to anyone without due credit
being given to Spanierman Gallery, LLC.
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