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 Maurice George Logan  (1886 - 1977)

About: Maurice George Logan
 

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Lived/Active: California      Known for: landscape, harbors and townscape painting, illustration

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BIOGRAPHY for Maurice Logan
Facts/Data
Birth
1886 (Temescal Lake, California)
 
Death
1977 (Orinda, California)

Lived/Active
California

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Often Known For
landscape, harbors and townscape painting, illustration

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Categories of Interest

Fauves/Fauvism
Impressionists Pre 1940
Society of Six
Taos Pre 1940
California Painters
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Born north of San Francisco near Calistoga on Temescal Dam Lake, Maurice Logan was an adept watercolor and oil painter of ghost towns, desert landscapes, and marine scenes.  The artists he most admired were John Singer Sargent and Joaquin Sorolla.

He was part of the Society of Six*, a group in the 1920s led by Selden Gile that espoused bright color (Fauvism*), a sense of region, Impressionist style, and rebellion against the prevalent Tonalism* and classical strictures of William Keith and Arthur Mathews.  The Six exhibited together at the Oakland Art Gallery.  Later in his career, he reverted to a Tonalist style.

From childhood, Logan wanted to be an artist, and he took his first lessons from a Miss Clara Cuff.  A family friend paid for the lessons because Logan's father disapproved of his son's art interests.  However, young Logan was encouraged in artistic expression by the many artists who came to paint in the Temescal Lake area and also by the Bohemian atmosphere of writers he met there including Jack London and Ambrose Bierce.

He enrolled in the Partington Art School in San Francisco, and after the school was destroyed by the earthquake worked with Richard Partington at the Piedmont Art Gallery.  Supported financially by his brothers and never by his father, he became the first student to enroll in the post-earthquake San Francisco Institute of Art*, where from 1907 to 1913, he studied with Theodore Wores, John Stanton, Christian Nahl, and Frank Van Sloun, and learned conservative, atmospheric styles of painting. In 1914, he first had his work exhibited, the occasion being the San Francisco Art Association's* 1914 Annual Spring Exhibition.

In 1915, he secretly married Bertha Kipke, a young woman whose family were a part of the camping group at Lake Temescal and whom he had known for many years. He studied at the Chicago Art Institute and then returned to California where he studied and then taught for eight years at the California College of Arts and Crafts* at Oakland.  He and his wife lived on Chabot Road and became neighbors of Selden Gile, with whom he and others formed the Society of Six.

He was set apart from many of his peers by his combining of Bohemianism* living and business success and this duality was reflected in his painting garb, which was a three-piece suit covered by an artist's smock. Of these seemingly disparate characteristics, it was said that he was an amalgamation of his own artistic instincts and his father's business-like respectability.

In the 1930s, he changed from a colorful palette to a more subdued gray one and traveled for subject matter around California and into neighboring Arizona and New Mexico including trips to Taos with Selden Gile in 1931 and 1934. He was able to get through the Depression easier than other members of The Six because of the success of his commercial art business including covers for "Sunset" magazine.

He also became active in the California School of watercolor painters, who took a bold, direct approach to regional subject matter.

He died in Orinda, California on March 22, 1977 and his work is in many collections including the Frye Museum in Seattle and the Oakland Museum.

Sources:
Nancy Boas, Society of Six
Edan Hughes, Artists in California, 1786-1940

* For more in-depth information about these terms and others, see AskART.com Glossary: http://www.askart.com/AskART/lists/Art_Definition.aspx



Biography from California Watercolor:
Maurice Logan, N.A. (1886-1977) Born: San Francisco, CA; Studied: Mark Hopkins Institute of Art (San Francisco), California College of Arts and Crafts* (Oakland), Chicago Art Institute; Member: National Academy of Design*, American Watercolor Society*, California Water Color Society*. Maurice Logan was raised in Northern California.  He began to receive attention as a professional artist about 1915, and by the mid 1920s, was one of San Francisco’s best known commercial illustrators and poster designers.  During this era, he produced colorful expressionist* oil paintings and exhibited them as a member of a group known as the Society of Six*. In the 1930s, he began exhibiting his transparent watercolor paintings and helped to form the Thirteen Watercolorists group.

For many years, he was an influential art instructor at the California College of Arts and Crafts in Oakland. Logan was also on the board of directors of the Society of Western Artists, the West Coast Watercolor Society, and other local art clubs. He also juried art exhibitions at the Oakland Art Museum and was a member of the Bohemian Club, where he showed his paintings on a regular basis.

Biographical information:
Interview with Richard Logan, 1983

Biography courtesy of California Watercolors 1850-1970,
©2002 Hillcrest Press, Inc.

CaliforniaWatercolor.com

* For more in-depth information about these terms and others, see AskART.com Glossary: http://www.askart.com/AskART/lists/Art_Definition.aspx

Biography from William A. Karges Fine Art - Beverly Hills:
A native of California, Maurice Logan studied with a number of San Francisco’s finest instructors, starting with Richard Partington. He further studied with Theodore Wores, and Frank Van Sloun at the San Francisco Institute of Art, and at the Art Institute of Chicago and the California College of Arts and Crafts, where he ultimately taught between 1935-1943.

Throughout the 1920’s, Logan painted and exhibited with a group known as “the Society of Six.” Devoted to the colorist principles of the French Fauvists, the Six banded together to share costs, rents, ideas, and exhibitions spaces. Logan’s works were grew more subdued as he aged, and by the end of the 1930’s he had abandoned his colorful palette entirely.

** If you discover credit omissions or have additional information to add, please let us know at registrar@AskART.com.

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