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 James Sr Peale  (1749 - 1831)

/ PEEL/
About: James Sr Peale
 

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Lived/Active: Pennsylvania/Maryland      Known for: still life, portrait, miniature

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BIOGRAPHY for James Sr Peale
Facts/Data
Birth
1749 (Chestertown, Maryland)
 
Death
1831 (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

Lived/Active
Pennsylvania/Maryland

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Often Known For
still life, portrait, miniature

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Trompe l'Oeil Painting
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Born in Chestertown, Maryland, James Peale, was a trompe l'oeil still-life specialist, known for detail and realistic effect of his paintings. He was also renowned for portraits and miniatures. According to Alfred Rubinstein in his book, "The Reality of Appearance", Peale can be "regarded as the founding father of the Philadelphia still life tradition." He had four daughters and a son, and all of them carried on the painting of still lifes.

He was raised in Annapolis and was the younger brother of Charles Willson Peale, painter, naturalist, and museum curator. Trained as a cabinetmaker, he studied watercolor and oil painting with his brother. During the American Revolution, he served in the Army in the Maryland Regiment and did two full-length portraits of George Washington at Yorktown. He settled in Philadelphia where in 1782 he began his painting career and assisted in the Peale natural science museum.

He first exhibited his still lifes at the Peale Museum in Baltimore, and they quickly became popular with the buying public. He was a regular exhibitor at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. His compositions were generally of two types: formal compositions around a porcelain container and more natural arrangements of fruit.

He married the daughter of artist James Claypoole, and their artist children included artists Sarah Miriam and Margaretta Angelica.

Source:
Alfred Rubinstein, "The Reality of Appearance"

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James Peale was born in 1749 in Chestertown, Maryland and was raised in Annapolis. He was the younger brother of Charles Willson Peale and although he was trained as a cabinetmaker he studied watercolor and oil painting with his brother. He settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where in 1782 he began his painting career and assisted in the Peale Natural Science Museum.

James painted portraits, landscapes and some historical scenes; he was also known for his miniatures. He first exhibited his still lifes at the Peale Museum in Baltimore and they quickly became popular with the buying public. He was a regular exhibitor at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.

During the American Revolution he served in the Army in the Maryland Regiment. He and his brother were officers in the Continental Army under George Washington.

James married the daughter of artist James Claypoole. They had six children, among them James, Jr., Anna and Sarah Miriam became painters, He died in 1831.


Sources include:
Masterpieces of Art, Catalogue of the New York World's Fair 1940
From the Internet, AskART.com

Written and submitted by Jean Ershler Schatz, artist and researcher form Laguna Woods, California.

** If you discover credit omissions or have additional information to add, please let us know at registrar@AskART.com.

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