1760 (Lorton, England)
1820 (Brooklyn, New York)
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town-estate-landscape and genre painting
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|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|Born in Lorton in the Lake District of England, Francis Guy became one
of the earliest landscape painters in America and did work that
reflected its evolution from picturesque scenes tied to European
tradition to topographical studies to settings where the artist worked.|
As a young man, he was a silk dyer in London, and then in 1795,
emigrated to New York and established a silk dyeing plant in Brooklyn.
failed at this endeavor and experimented in other mediums including
dentistry, tailoring, and art. From 1798 to 1817, he lived
in Baltimore where he painted a series of murals for the Fountain Inn
and did country estate painting commissions. Many of his estate
paintings had figures going about various dalily-life activities.
He also did a view of the newly constructed cathedral in Baltimore in
1812, and during the 1812 war with England, recorded marine
battles. He also decorated many pieces of Federalist furniture.
He lived the last part of his life in Brooklyn, painting over 400 works. His last major work was a large genre painting, Winter Scene in Brooklyn,
1819-1820, one of the earliest paintings to enter the collection of the
Brooklyn Museum collection. Another painting with the same title,
completed about the same time, is in a private collection and was
exhibited with its counterpart at the Museum in March 2006.
"Painted from the second-story window of his house on Front Street,
Guy's two large winter scenes provide a glimpse into the burgeioning
village---its bustling activity, architecture and colorful
Francis Guy died in 1820, leaving more than 400 paintings attributed to him.
Michael David Zellman, 300 Years of American Art
Antiques and The Arts Weekly, "Brooklyn Museum Reunites Pair of Francis Guy Paintings March 20"
Peter Falk, Who Was Who in American Art
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