1865 (Rochester, New York)
1951 (New York City)
Subject to Copyright
Often Known For
genre, portrait and landscape painting, art educator
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Categories of Interest
Impressionists Pre 1940
Old Lyme Colony Painters
San Francisco Panama-Pacific Exhibition 1915
|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|The following, submitted by Diana K. Gibson, a student/instructor at the Ridgewood Art Institute in Ridgewood, New Jersey.|
Born in Rochester, New York in 1865, Frank DuMond left his work as an
illustrator at age 23 to study in the rigorous classical atelier
tradition of the Academie Julian Paris in 1888. Upon his return
to New York in 1892, DuMond embarked on a painting and teaching term at
the Art Students League spanning nearly six decades until his death.
A painter of diverse talents, he was an accomplished landscape,
portrait and still life painter, muralist, and leader of the Tonalist
then Impressionist art colonies of Lyme, Connecticut. In
particular, DuMond was noted for his use of landscape green.
American Impressionist expert William H. Gerdts wrote of DuMond, “As
one might speak of Velazquez’s blacks, one must speak of DuMond’s
greens.” Scholars have described him as a deft painter of the
American Impressionist landscape and the figure, but he will perhaps be
remembered as among the most outstanding educators in American art
history. Though an accomplished painter, he is said to have
considered himself more of an educator than an artist.
By all accounts, DuMond is described by his students as a man whose art
and teaching methods were based on deeply held religious and
philosophical beliefs. One student recalls, “There were occasions
when DuMond revealed a clear intent to educate us on a deeper level
than might casually be associated with painting.” His students
remember him fondly as “a genial, generous, and perceptive
instructor…whose warmth and kindness pervaded everything he did.”
Under his tutelage, many prominent American artists were brought to
recognition, including Georgia O’Keeffe, Norman Rockwell, and John
Marin. Still other protégés of DuMond renown became influential
teachers, such as Baroque-style painter Frank Mason, whose influence
emerged in New York at the Art Students League; and Arthur Maynard and
Alban Albert, whose influences emerged at the Ridgewood Art Institute
to form another branch of DuMond student legacy.
It was in his early training in Paris that he absorbed the influences
of his teacher Gustave Boulanger, Benjamin Constant and Jules-Joseph
Lefebvre and the Barbizon and increasing popular Impressionist
style. In frequent trips to the French countryside, DuMond was
disciplined in painting the naturalistic landscape. Many
Barbizon School landscape precepts-such as a sublime vision of the
natural world, and an interest in the transient effects of light and
shade to depict and dramatize it-have been handed down through
generations of painters and continue to pervade art theory today.
Dumond’s teaching continues to influence much of our present-day
instruction. DuMond students were taught to see the
progression of prismatic light flowing from yellow to red to violet on
the warm side; and from yellow to green to blue-green to violet on the
cool side. One student quotes DuMond as saying “Silently glowing
over this whole landscape is a rainbow. You must learn to see
it. It is there always, and if you can get hold of that, you have
something worth going after.”
Dumond’s historical influence is unmistakable and nowhere is his
influence more preserved than in the palette that is taught at the
Ridgewood Art Institute. Variations of the palette used by
DuMond-consisting of premixed blues, grays, violets and greens in tonal
progression from cadmium yellow to red are still used by many
instructors at the Ridgewood Art Institute and by artists around the
The Ridgewood Art Institute Catalogue, 2004
|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|A native of Rochester, New York, Frank DuMond became a renowned painter
of luminous Impressionist landscapes as well as teacher and illustrator
and was associated with New England art colonies, especially Old Lyme,
Connecticut where he first went in 1902. He became Director of
the Lyme Summer School of Art, one of the foremost summer schools in
the country. He was a passionate fly fisherman and did a painting
series on salmon fishing in the 1940s. He was also known for his
large-scale mural painting, portraiture, and religious subjects.|
came to New York in 1884 as a young man to study at the Art Students
League for a year. He then went to Paris with his younger
brother, Frederick, and he studied with Gustave Boulanger, Jules-Joseph
Lefebvre and Benjamin Constant at the Julian Academy. For six
years he was a newspaper artist in New York, working at the New York Daily Graphic, Century, Mc Clure's and Harper's Weekly. In fact, he illustrated for Harper's for more than two decades.
His drawing of the funeral of Samuel Tilden so impressed Harper's
editor Horace Bradley that when Bradley became president of the Art
Students League, he hired Du Mond as a teacher. He stayed in this
position for fifty-nine years. His own painting is regarded as
secondary to that of his many famous pupils, but he won many awards and
Between 1893 and 1895, DuMond took student groups to
Europe, likely the first summer classes of American students traveling
He also did numerous murals including in New York City
for The Lotos Club and the Hotel des Artistes. His fifteen-foot
mural for the Court of the Universe at the Panama-Pacific Exposition in
San Francisco in 1915 was titled Conquest of the Pacific Coast.
Previous to that, in 1905, he had been director of the department of
fine arts for the Lewis and Clark Exposition in Portland, Oregon.
was married to Helen Savier of Portland, Oregon where her family was
prominent in early Portland history, and she, an accomplished artist,
was frequently a model in his paintings.
Connecticut Impressionism, William Benton Museum of Art, Intro. by Paul Rovetti, Director
Mark Humpal: Note about Helen Savier
|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|Born in 1865 in Rochester, NY. DuMond was a pupil of Constant, Lefebvre, and Boulanger in Paris. As a teacher he influenced thousands of artists during the 49 years he taught at the ASL in NYC. He was elected a member of the Nat'l Academy in 1906. DuMond was in San Francisco during the PPIE of 1915 in which he served as a member of the Int'l Jury of Awards and painted a large mural for the exposition called Pageant of California. The mural, which showed William Keith at his easel, hung in the old San Francisco Public Library until its conversion to the Asian Museum. DuMond died in NYC on Feb. 6, 1951.|
Edan Hughes, "Artists in California, 1786-1940"
Keith, Old Master of California (Brother Cornelius); Who's Who in American Art 1936-41; NY Times, 2-7-1951 (obituary).
|Nearly 20,000 biographies can be found in Artists in California 1786-1940 by Edan Hughes and is available for sale ($150). For a full book description and order information please click here.|
|Biography from Papillon Gallery:|
|Frank Vincent DuMond was born in Rochester, New York. He studied
with William Sartain and J.C. Beckwith at the Art Students
League. In Paris he studied with Gustave Boulanger, Jules-Joseph
Lefebvre and Benjamin Constant at l’Académie Julian.|
early paintings are Art Nouveau with Symbolist subjects in the
tradition of many the great French painters of the 1890s. His
later works were more typically American; he painted landscapes,
flowers, fishing scenes and portraits, and he also worked as an
illustrator. DuMond exhibited at the Paris Salons from 1889
through 1892, and was a member of the Salon des Artistes Français where
he won a medal in 1890.
In 1892 he exhibited at the Cotton
State Exposition in Atlanta, Georgia where he won a silver medal.
That same year he exhibited at the Mechanics Charitable Exposition in
Boston and was awarded the gold medal. The following year, he
participated in the Worlds Columbian Exposition in Chicago. In
1901 he won two silver medals at the Pan-American Exposition; three
years later he won a silver medal at the St. Louis Exposition. He
painted a fifteen-foot mural for the Court of the Universe at the
Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco in 1915 titled, Conquest of the Pacific Coast.
exhibited work at the Corcoran Gallery of Art from 1907-1908 as well as
in 1912, 1919, and 1926. Later in his career, DuMond held solo
shows at galleries and schools in New York City and New England.
work is included in the permanent collections of numerous museums
including; Florence Griswold Museum in Old Lyme, Connecticut; Lyman
Allyn Museum in New London, Connecticut; New Britain Museum of American
Art. Other institutions that own Dumond’s work are the San Francisco
Public Library; Liberty Tower & Hotel des Artistes in New York
City; Lotos Club; organizations in Portland, Oregon; Denver, Colorado;
Richmond, Indiana; Lake Forest, Illinois.
Dumond died in 1951.
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