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 Claude (Charles Claude) Buck  (1890 - 1974)



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Lived/Active: Illinois/California      Known for: allegorical figure and hyper-real portrait painting

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BIOGRAPHY for Claude Buck
1890 (Bronx, New York)
1974 (Santa Barbara, California)


Self portrait - Claude Buck - Self Portrait

Often Known For
allegorical figure and hyper-real portrait painting

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
A leading member of the avant-garde Symbolism* artists movement in Chicago, Claude Buck moved there from his birth place of New York City in 1919.  He was known for his "fantastic, sometimes disturbing images with allegorical and literary themes" (Kennedy 97) drawn from writings of Edgar Allen Poe, operas by Richard Wagner, classical mythology and "New Testament" writings from the Bible.  Some of these early paintings had nude figures rendered in Classical* style to express abstract themes developed through dream-like landscapes and disregard of relative scale or relatedness between the figures.  These paintings had Luminist* elements achieved with light-toned paints worked with transparent glazes.

In the 1920s to earn money by gaining public favor and also expressing his increasing disdain for modernism, Buck did a number of hyperrealist* portraits, figures and still lifes.  These proved popular and aligned him with the opponents of abstraction and their Society for Sanity in Art* movement whose headquarters were in Chicago.

Buck taught drawing and painting at the Chicago Academy of Fine Art from 1921 to 1926, and at the Art Institute, where he took over classes of George Bellows.

In New York City before coming to Chicago, Buck had a reputation as a radical artist.  He took his first art training from his father, William R. Buck, from the time he was ages three to fourteen, and then until he was twenty-two, he studied at the National Academy of Design* where he was nicknamed "Kid Hassam" because his painting reminded viewers of that of Claude Hassam.  Buck worked as a scene painter in the theatre and at the Willet Stained Glass company, and in 1914 began portrait commissions to earn money.

In New York, he founded a group named the Introspectives, which reflected his own problems with melancholy during that period.  Members, holding their first exhibition at the Whitney Studio in 1917, were artists who expressed their personal feelings and experiences and included Raymond Jonson and Emil Armin. In this phase of his career, Buck was focused on Old World styles of Leonardo da Vinci, Ralph Blakelock and Albert Pinkham Ryder.  In 1929, the Arts Council of New York voted him one of the top one-hundred painters in the United States.

In 1949, Buck and his wife, Leslie, moved to California to a studio-home in the Santa Cruz Mountains, and ten years later they settled in Santa Barbara where he died on August 4, 1974.  In California, he was a member of the Carmel Art Association*, the Santa Cruz Art League* that he served as President in 1953,and the Santa Barbara Art Association.

His paintings are in the collections of the Santa Cruz Public Library; the Santa Cruz City Museum as well as the Spencer Museum in Lawrence, Kansas; the Brigham Young University Museum; and the Museum of Elgin, Illinois.

Elizabeth Kennedy, Editor; Chicago Modern, 1893-1945, Terra Museum of American Art
Edan Hughes, Artists in California, 1786-1940
Peter Hastings Falk, Editor, Who Was Who in American Art

* For more in-depth information about these terms and others, see Glossary

Biography from Thunderbird Foundation for the Arts:
Painter Claude Buck was born in New York City on July 3, 1890.  He began his artistic studies at the National Academy of Design and was taught by artists including Emile Carlsen, George deForest Brush, Francis Jones, and Kenyon Cox.  Later he traveled to Munich for a period of study.  Upon his return, he began a busy schedule of exhibitions.

Although Buck spent the last years of his life in Santa Cruz, California, and is considered a California artist, his work also reflects the formal New York and Munich training he received at the beginning of his career.  He also was a painting instructor at the Studio School of Art in Chicago for some years.

Member: Carmel Art Association; Chicago Galleries Association; Society for Sanity in Art; Santa Cruz Artist League, Grand Central Art Gallery.

Exhibited: Chicago Galleries Association, 1926 (prize), 1927 (prize), 1930 (prize), 1931 (prize); Art Institute of Chicago 1929 (prize); Oakland Art Gallery, 1945 (medal); California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, 1944 (medal); Chicago P & S, 1932 (medal); Carmel Art Gallery; Santa Cruz Art Gallery, 1944-46; Chicago Gallery Association; Retrospective, Bingham Gallery San Jose Ca 1987.

Works held: Gerald Buck Collection; Eastman Memorial Foundation, Laurel, Mississippi; University of Chicago; Vanderpoel College; Brigham Young University; Thunderbird Foundation for the Arts; Santa Cruz Public Library.

** If you discover credit omissions or have additional information to add, please let us know at

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