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 Eric Sloane  (1905 - 1985)

About: Eric Sloane
 

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Lived/Active: New York/Connecticut      Known for: rural landscape painting, book illustration

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BIOGRAPHY for Eric Sloane
Facts/Data
Birth
1905 (New York City)
 
Death
1985 (New York City)

Lived/Active
New York/Connecticut




Often Known For
rural landscape painting, book illustration

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Taos Pre 1940
This biography from the Archives of AskART:

Eric Sloane was born, Everard Jean Hinrichs, on February 27, 1905 in New York City to a well-to-do family. Early on, he took up an interest in art, spending many boyhood hours with neighbor and noted font inventor, Frederic Goudy (Goudy Type). From Goudy, at an early age, he learned to hand paint letters and signs.

Some of Sloane's first clients included aviation pioneers flying out of Roosevelt Field, Long Island. Many of those flyers insisted he paint the identifying marking on their planes. In exchange for teaching him to paint, Wiley Post himself, taught the young Hinrichs to fly. After his first flight the young man fell in love with clouds and the sky, themes that would be central to his work for the rest of his life.

Among his early clients was Amelia Earhardt, who bought his first cloud painting. Said to be the finest cloud painter of his generation, his largest cloud painting graces an entire wall of the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum in Washington DC.

After a falling out with his family, young Sloane ran away at age fourteen to become an itinerant sign painter. He worked his way across America, painting signs on barns, buildings and stores, all the time gathering images of a country in expansion. He had many interesting adventures. One of his most notable stays was with at the Taos Pueblo, just north of Santa Fe, New Mexico.

A prolific member of the Hudson River School tradition of painting, Sloane is generally accepted as an artistic genius. Over his lifetime, he wrote thirty eight books. It is estimated that he created nearly 15,000 paintings, mostly oil on masonite. He painted one almost every day, often before lunch, striving to do better than the day before. Later in his life, he bought back or traded for some of his earlier work, which he destroyed by fire, contending it was inferior.

While restoring a Connecticut farmhouse in the early 1950's he began to identify with the Early American settlers. He first moved to the Lake Candlewood area, then to Merryall, CT near New Milford, and in 1956, he moved to Warren, where he kept a home until 1985. It was at a Warren Library book sale that he is said to have discovered Noah Blake's diary, an original account of New England farm life in 1805. With Sloane's unique illustrations and commentary the diary became the framework for Sloane's most successful book, Diary of an Early American Boy: Noah Blake 1805.

In 1975, Sloane built a home in La Tierra near Santa Fe, New Mexico, "Las Nuves" (The Clouds). From these two comfortable residences, "Mr. Americana", spent most of his later life preserving the practical architecture and stoic lives of the first European settlers, in oil paints and in writing.

Fascinated by weather, The Farmer's Almanac and the early American farmer's ability to interpret "weather signs", Sloane is credited with being the first television weatherman, having come up with the idea of having farmers from all over New England call in their weather observations to a Dumont, New York TV station where they could be broadcast to the regional audience. He penned several useful books on the subject.

Sloane is also credited with being the foremost authority on Early American rural architecture and Early American tools. His many books of paintings and drawings, and especially his A Museum of Early American Tools, are considered the most important historical source works on the subjects. The Sloane Stanley Museum in Kent, Connecticut houses Sloane's own personal collection of Early American tools, as well as an exact replica of his painting studio. A Reverence for Wood is an invaluable resource to scholars of old growth timber in New England. In July, 2001, the first Annual Eric Sloane Day was held at the museum and the second annual event was scheduled for Saturday, July 13th, 2002.

In his seminal Americana work, Spirits of '76, he published his famous distillation of his philosophy,"Declaration of Self Dependence", a harbinger of the renewed concept of personal responsibility in 2nd millennium.

Shortly before the release of his last book, Eighty, on his way to meet his wife for lunch, Eric died instantly of a heart attack in New York, on March 5th, 1985, on the steps of the Plaza Hotel. Friends say it was the only time he was ever late. He is buried in Kent, Connecticut at the Sloane Stanley Museum.

Sloane was married a total of five times. Little is known by this biographer of his first four wives. His last and longest life partner, Miriam Francis Alicia Carman, "Mimi", born Brussels May 8, 1925, lives in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Eric's spirit lives on today as if he's determined to keep the invincible Early American Spirit alive. One has only to read one of his books or view his paintings to be touched by his unfathomable human compassion.

Source: Artist's web site, www.ericsloane.com. Written by Marshall Smith, November 1, 1999 - Los Angeles, California.


Biography from Nedra Matteucci Galleries:
ERIC SLOANE (1905-1985)

Eric Sloane was born Everard Jean Hinrichs in New York City. His earliest childhood recollections reflect an avid interest in art which led to his first career as a sign painter. Setting out in 1925, Sloane traveled throughout the Northeast, where he felt an immediate rapport with and love for the history, culture and longstanding icons of early American architecture: covered bridges, barns and homes dating to the colonial era. Here Sloane felt the spirit of the early Nation yet felt it to be a vanishing theater of Untied States history. With interest and devotion unparalleled by any U.S. artist, Sloane would write and paint from just this perspective for the next sixty years.

Sloane worked his way across America painting signs and venturing further and further west. In 1926 he arrived in Taos, New Mexico. Just as Sloane had become enamored of the historical Northeast, he felt an instant affinity towards the natural beauty and heritage of the Southwest.

In Taos Sloane experienced life in a true artist's colony, working among painters such as Leon Gaspard and the members of Taos Society of Artists. He added his own footnote to their rich history by introducing to them his pioneer method of painting on masonite.

Upon his return to the East, Sloane began studies at the Art Students League in New York under John Sloan. Adopting the pseudonym Sloane (after his mentor's name) and taking his first name Eric (from the word America), the transformation from a young, inspired sign painter to an important American artist and author began.

The ultimate tribute to Sloane's insight and artistic ability in creating his wonderful skyscapes is his specially- commissioned mural in the National Air and Space Museum at the Smithsonian. The mural was no minor feat for an artist in his 71st year. Measuring seven stories high and half a city block long, Sloane completed the mural in less than two months.

Biography from Altermann Galleries & Auctioneers VI:
Eric Sloane
Born: New York City 1910
Died: Cornwall Bridge, Connecticut 1976

Landscape painter in Taos, 1925 and 1960, writer, meteorologist

Sloane studied at the Art Students League, at Yale’s School of Fine and Applied Art in 1935. He lectured on cloud forms and weather beginning 1940 and wrote books on the same subject beginning 9141. His series of books on Americana, illustrated with his own sketches, began in 1954.

In 1925, Sloane ran away from home in a Model T Ford, earning his way Westward as an itinerant sign painter. In Taos he guided tourists, painted signs, and learned Indian dances, in addition to painting a few scenes on board. In 1960 Sloane returned to Taos, making many sketches for his book which also contains two Western paintings in color.

Resource:
SAMUELS’ Encyclopedia of ARTISTS of THE AMERICAN WEST,
Peggy and Harold Samuels, 1985, Castle Publishing

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