1917 (Cortland, New York)
2010 (White Plains, New York)
Often Known For
abstract expressionist genre-views, non ob, collage
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|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|"Robert Goodnough, Painter Who Eluded Categories, Dies at 92", By William Grimes. New York Times ( October 12, 2010)|
Robert Goodnough, a painter whose stylistic evolution from vibrant, Cubist-inspired abstractions to Color Field canvases made him one of the least definable members of the second-generation Abstract Expressionists, died on Oct. 2 in White Plains. He was 92 and lived in Thornwood, N.Y.
The cause was complications of pneumonia, said Eric Brown, a partner at the Tibor de Nagy Gallery.
In a career that lasted more than half a century, Mr. Goodnough (pronounced GOOD-now) eluded the neat categories that art critics relied on to codify the work of the Abstract Expressionists. He moved among the second-generation members of the school but at the same time stood apart, and his work — kinetic, calligraphic dashes of primary colors in his early career, and subtle pastels beginning in the 1970s — often flirted with figuration.
“I like to work freely, to slash with the brush and let loose,” he once told an interviewer. He then added, confoundingly, “I also like to work carefully and with discipline.”
Allergic to self-promotion and stylistically mercurial, he never achieved a success commensurate with his talent, although he exhibited at the blue-chip galleries Tibor de Nagy and André Emmerich for most of his career. Instead he achieved the ambiguous fame of being known as one of the most underrated artists of his generation.
Robert Arthur Goodnough was born on Oct. 23, 1917, in Cortland, N.Y., and grew up nearby in Moravia, in the Finger Lakes region. After earning a fine-arts degree from Syracuse University in 1940 he was drafted into the Army and served in the field artillery, painting portraits and murals at military installations.
In 1946 he moved to Manhattan. He studied at the Ozenfant School of Fine Arts and attended Hans Hofmann’s celebrated summer school in Provincetown, Mass., where he met the artists Alfred Leslie and Larry Rivers and the critic Clement Greenberg. At meetings of the Club, a famous downtown discussion group made up mostly of abstract painters, he became friends with Willem de Kooning and Mark Rothko.
Greenberg and the art historian Meyer Schapiro selected him to exhibit in a group show of emerging artists at the Kootz Gallery in 1950, and two years later he had his first important one-man show, at Tibor de Nagy. He also contributed to Art News, where he wrote “Pollock Paints a Picture,” one of the most celebrated of the magazine’s artist-at-work articles, with now-legendary photographs of Jackson Pollock in his studio by Hans Namuth.
After earning a master’s degree in art education from New York University in 1950, he taught carpentry at the Fieldston School in the Bronx until 1960, when he began making a living from his art.
Mr. Goodnough’s earlier work, influenced by Mondrian, Matisse and Synthetic Cubism, deployed patches and strokes of paint that suggested tumult and frenetic activity. “Some of his thicket-like designs throb with the fervor of an old symbolic representation of the Burning Bush, while others have the formal, explicit robustness of Léger,” Stuart Preston wrote in a New York Times review of a 1962 show.
In violation of abstractionist orthodoxy, he sometimes embedded images in the complex mesh of what he liked to call “color shapes.” Charging Bull (1958) depicts, unmistakably, a charging bull. He also experimented with collages in a manner that recalled Matisse’s cutouts and made sculptured constructions of dinosaurs — a lifelong enthusiasm.
One of Mr. Goodnough’s most striking works from this period, Form in Motion, is a large mural executed in 1967 for the Manufacturers Hanover Trust offices in Midtown Manhattan, its vigorous patches of color arrayed in an onrushing to-and-fro pattern suggestive of the pedestrian scrum on the city’s sidewalks.
In the early 1970s, Mr. Goodnough began shifting toward Color Field painting, usually executed in acrylic and oil, to which he added his own idiosyncrasies. In Slate Grey Statement, one of the first in this new style, pale dashes of color cluster on a ghostly background of silvery gray. In later paintings the bits of color, now jagged, shardlike and prismatic, take flight across the canvas like a flock of birds. In the 1980s, Mr. Goodnough returned to a style not unlike his earliest work.
Although he never received a retrospective at a major museum, in 1969 Mr. Goodnough was given a one-man show at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Albright-Knox Art Gallery in Buffalo to showcase his series of serigraph prints One, Two, Three (An Homage to Pablo Casals).
He is survived by his wife, Miko; a daughter, Kathleen, of Thornwood; and a brother, Philip, of Moravia.
|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
Goodnough was born in Cortland, New York 1917. He earned B.A. degrees
from Syracuse University, Ozenfant School of Fine Art, Hans Hofmann
School of Art and an M. A. degree from New York University. While in the
army, he painted portraits and murals, did art work for information and
training manuals. While stationed in New Guinea he also did artwork for
the daily publication CEBU. Goodnough taught painting (mostly
portraiture) at New York University until 1953 and from 1953 to 1961 he
taught part time at Fieldston School, New York.|
painters, Robert Goodnough has not restricted himself to painting only
on canvas. He has tried his hand at many other techniques and materials.
Over the years he has sculpted in wood, metal and plaster; he has done
stained glass; he has made drawings and gouaches. He has produced an
impressively large number of collages, a medium for which he is
particularly well known.
In turning to print making, Goodnough
brings the same aesthetic, the same stance as with other media. His
image, his own characteristic style of work, endows the serigraphs as
strongly as in the largest oils or sculptures.
serigraphs are an extension of forms one has found over the years in his
paintings. As a solution for the technique of silkscreen this is
particularly apt since colors and shapes can be reproduced and
registered with absolute precision. It is astonishing to see a serigraph
so felicitous a simulation of collage; but even more surprising is the
application of color. It is impossible to find any difference between
Goodnough's prints and his collages.
Perhaps Goodnough's refusal
to "specialize" (the printmaker who makes prints, the sculptor who only
models clay) has made possible freshness, a willingness to take risks,
an extension of the range of expressive possibilities. This elegant
self-hood, this sophisticated knowingness has made Goodnough perhaps one
of the five or six finest American artists of the last four decades.
One could not foretell what surprises this painter had in store for us.
We can be certain, however, that whatever he turned his hand to, there
would be no loss of integrity, the true basis for the Goodnough style.
|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|Robert Goodnough was born in upstate Cortland, New York. Though he later evolved into a full-blown abstractionist, while at Syracuse University, he worked realistically from casts and from life. His move toward abstraction began with study with Amedee Ozenfant and Hans Hofmann in New York City, 1946-1947. |
Hofmann, at this time in America, probably had more to do with shifting young American painters away from making art from reality and realist thinking into abstraction than any other teacher of painting.
Now living in New York City, Goodnough would later teach at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, New York University and the Fieldston School in New York City. He also served as an art critic for Art News Magazine from 1950 to 1957.
Goodnough became another of the tens of thousands of artists caught up in the Cubism of Pablo Picasso. He was also attracted by the stark abstractions of Piet Mondrian. He combined these styles in the 1950s with that of Hofmann, his teacher, in a hybrid of Cubism and Abstract Expressionism. Since that time, like so many other abstractionists, Goodnough has been influenced by many abstract directions in art, including collage, sculpted constructions of birds and figures, and hard-edge paintings in the 1950s and 60s. From the 1970s, Goodnough has painted very large, geometric, abstract canvases.
His work is in the following collections: Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo; Art Institute of Chicago; Baltimore Museum of Art; Birmingham Museum of Art, Alabama; Museum of Modern Art, Whitney Museum of American Art and Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Newark Museum, New Jersey; and the Rhode Island School of Design, Providence.
Michael David Zellman, 300 Years of American Art
Matthew Baigell, Dictionary of American Art
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