1880 (Toronto, Canada)
1963 (San Jose, California)
California/New York / Canada
Self portrait - Henrietta Mary Shore - Self Portrait
Often Known For
modernist landscape, figure, and portrait painting, murals
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The California Art Club
San Francisco Panama-Pacific Exhibition 1915
|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|Born in Toronto, Canada on Jan. 22, 1880, Henrietta Shore began
painting at age 13 and studied at St Mary's College in Toronto and
later in New York City at the Art Students League with William Merritt
Chase, Frank Vincent Dumond, and Robert Henri. |
While in London she continued at the Heatherly Art School and was the
only private pupil of John Singer Sargent who greatly influenced her
work. After arriving in Los Angeles in 1913, she became active in the
local art scene and was a founder of the Modern Art Society. She
maintained a studio in Los Angeles until 1920 and then led a peripatic
existence: Newfoundland (1920), Maine (1921, NYC (1920-23), Mexico
1927-28), and San Francisco (1928-29).
Shore was internationally known when an invitation to exhibit brought
her to the Monterey Peninsula in 1930. After establishing a studio in
Carmel, she remained and continued painting. Penniless, she spent her
last few years were in the State Mental Hospital in San Jose, CA where
she died on May 17, 1963.
Her early works were realistic but matured into impressionist and
semi-abstract forms. Her visual repertoire includes landscapes, figure
studies, portraiture, and floral still lifes. Robert Henri hailed her
as one of the great women painters of her time.
Henrietta Shore and her Work by Merle Armitage was published in 1963, and a chapter was devoted to her in the 1939 book entitled Art from the Mayans to Walt Disney by Jean Charlot.
Memberships: Society of Independent Artists; NY Society of Women Artists (founder); Painters & Sculptors of LA (founder).
Panama-California Expo (San Diego), 1915 (silver medal); San Francisco
Art Association, 1916-30 (prizes); LA Museum of History, Science &
Art, 1914, 1917, 1918, 1927; California Art Club, 1917; Modern Art
Workers (LA), 1919-25; California Watercolor Society, 1926; San Diego
Fine Arts Gallery, 1927 (solo); San Francisco Women Artists, 1928 (1st
prize); California Palace of the Legion of Honor, 1928, 1931 (solos);
Watrous Gallery (Carmel), 1933; De Young Museum, 1933 (solo);
Foundation of Western Art (LA), 1935; Golden Gate International
Exposition, 1939; Carmel Art Association, 1946, 1963 (solos); Monterey
Peninsula Museum, 1986 and Laguna Museum, 1987 (solos).
DeSaisset Museum (Santa Clara); Library of Congress; Nat'l Gallery of
Canada; San Diego Museum; Dallas Museum; University of Washington
Murals: Assessor's Office (SF); Santa Cruz (CA) Post Office; Custom House and Post Office (Monterey).
Edan Hughes, Artists in California, 1786-1940
|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|A painter of stylized human figures and still lifes, especially close
studies of seashells, Henrietta Shore became known for Abstract
Realism. She was one of the founding members of the New York
Society of Women Artists and was also a pioneer of West Coast modernist
art. Shore's ability to magnify common objects led to comparisons
between her work and botanical studies of Georgia O'Keeffe.|
Shore was born in Toronto, Canada, and took her art training at The Art
Students League in New York City with Kenneth Hayes Miller and with
Robert Henri and William Merritt Chase. She stayed in New York
for many years and then attended London's Heatherly Art School where
she became a good friend of John Singer Sargent.
In 1913, she
went to Los Angeles and helped establish the Los Angeles Society of
Modern Artists. She won a silver medal at the 1915 Pan-American
Exposition in San Diego, and three years later, she and Helena Dunlap
had a two-woman exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum.
returned to New York City and in 1921 took United States
citizenship. Her artistic reputation increased and in the late
1920s, she had a retrospective of her work at the Worcester Art Museum
in Massachusetts and got favorable reviews.
In 1924, she was
among twenty-five women chosen to represent American women in Paris and
that year also traveled to Mexico where she did portraits of artists
Jose Orozco and Jean Charlot.
Three years later, she returned
to California where she became a close companion to photographer Edward
Weston, who did a series of photographs based on her perceptions of
nature. In 1936, she worked for the Treasury Relief Art Project
doing murals near Carmel and Monterey, one of them installed at the
Monterey post office and another at the post office in Santa Cruz.
her later years, she became reclusive in her home in Carmel, and the
Carmel Art Association honored her posthumously with a retrospective of
Charlotte Streifer Rubinstein, American Women Artists, p. 262
|Biography from William A. Karges Fine Art - Carmel:|
|Henrietta Shore was born in Toronto, Canada, in 1863. Her art studies were at the Art Students League in New York, and at the Heatherly Art School in London, where she befriended John Singer Sargent. Shore is remembered as a major figure among women Modernists. In 1913, she helped found the Society of Modern Artists in Los Angeles, where she exhibited until approximately 1920, when she left for New York and Europe. |
She achieved international acclaim in her lifetime for her modernist still lifes, portraits, and especially her floral paintings, which were compared to O’Keeffe’s. Henrietta Shore was a resident of Carmel when she died in 1963.
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