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 Jock Williamson Galloway (James) MacDonald  (1897 - 1960)

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Lived/Active: British Columbia / Canada/Scotland      Known for: automatic painting, abstraction, surreal

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BIOGRAPHY for Jock MacDonald
Facts/Data
Birth
1897 (Thurso, Scotland)
 
Death
1960

Lived/Active
British Columbia / Canada/Scotland

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automatic painting, abstraction, surreal

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
The following is courtesy of Alan Ross:

Jock Macdonald was born in 1897 Thurso, Scotland and died in 1960. He immigrated to Canada in 1926 to teach at the new Vancouver School of Decorative and Applied Arts.

Macdonald's early work was in the Group Of Seven tradition, but in 1934 he painted his first abstract or automatic work, Formative Color Activity (NG of Canada, Ottawa).

In the late 1930s he became a friend of Emily Carr, and in 1940 of Lawren Harris, who encouraged him in his abstract experiments. These included automatic paintings in a Surrealist vein, and in the 1950s he was connected with the abstract group Painters Eleven.

During the last five years of his life Macdonald's output was extraordinary, as he threw himself into experimenting with various techniques and media. He taught at various art colleges in the course of his career and is considered to have played a leading role in advancing the cause of modern art in Canada.

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