1859 (Newark, New Jersey)
1940 (Orange, New Jersey)
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genre and landscape painter, illustrator
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Old Lyme Colony Painters
San Francisco Panama-Pacific Exhibition 1915
Taos Pre 1940
|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|Born in Newark, New Jersey, Henry Rankin Poore became a painter of
rural landscape subjects, fox hunting, portraits, and animals. He
has been described as a "spirited and versatile artist, able to paint
on diverse themes and noted for his sporting pictures as well as genre
and landscape paintings." (Zellman 544)|
was raised in California and planned to study for the ministry.
However, the art exhibition section of the 1874 Centennial Exposition in
Philadelphia re-directed his goals.
In the early 1880s, he
traveled to New Mexico and Colorado, and was the first American artist
to have a painting published with a reference to the Taos Pueblo.
This depiction was a burro train leaving the Pueblo and is recorded as
being done in 1882. His mining illustrations of Colorado from
that same trip were published in Harper's Weekly. In 1888, he is listed as having been in Taos again.
To insure his art training, he studied at the National Academy of
Design in New York for a year and then with Peter Moran at the
Pennsylvania School of Fine
Arts. He became a popular painter during this time of dogs,
hunting and western mining, and made enough money from his art sales to
study at the University of
Pennsylvania, graduating in 1883. That year until 1885, he
studied in Paris with William Bouguereau at the Academie Julian and was
also in Paris again in 1892 following a foxhunting and sketching trip
In 1890, he became a special agent for the United States Census
Bureau to illustrate the "Report on the Condition of Fifteen Pueblos of
New Mexico in 1890." Collaborating with him were artists Peter Moran,
Julian Scott, Gilbert Gaul and Walter Shirlaw.
Henry Rankin Poore was a long-time active artist in Philadelphia,
and from 1890, taught at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine
Arts. During this period, he turned his painting subjects to more
ordinary genre---humble persons going about everyday life. This
work has been described as being similary to that of the Barbizon
painter Jean Millet (1814-1875). Poore also became part of the
Art Colony at Old Lyme, Connecticut
where, to get his rural landscape subjects, he constructed a portable
studio drawn by oxen. He then created pictures of the oxen
pulling farm laborers on hay carts.
He lived at the end of his life in Orange, New Jersey where he died in 1940.
Peggy and Harold Samuels, The Encyclopedia of Artists of the American West
Michael David Zellman, 300 Years of American Art
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