1885 (St. Paul, Minnesota)
1966 (New York City)
New York/New Hampshire/Minnesota
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sculptor-art deco figure, medalist
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Painters of Nudes
San Francisco Panama-Pacific Exhibition 1915
|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|Born in St. Paul, Minnesota, Paul Manship became a leading influence in
contemporary sculpture from the 1920s to the end of World War II.
His work was "distinguished by their simplified and polychromatic
forms, clean sinuous lines, slender curves, and lyrical surfaces"
(Reynolds 241). His subjects often hearkened back to ancient or
classical themes and his style, emphasizing simple lines, combined
Greek and Oriental influences as well as Art Deco that was so popular
in the 1920s and 1930s.|
Manship attended the Institute of Art in
St. Paul from 1892 to 1903. Then he enrolled briefly in the Art
Students League, where he assisted Solon Borglum in stone carving
projects before transferring to the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.
1909 to 1912, he was at the American Academy in Rome and began to make
garden and architectural sculpture. Being in Italy, he was much
influenced by classical Greek and Roman motifs. From 1922 to
1926, he lived in Paris.
In America, he became one of the most sought after sculptor of public commissions including the gates to the Bronx Zoo and Prometheus
in Rockefeller Center. This 18-foot-tall, 8-ton sculpture became
a fixture in one of the more heavily visited tourist sites, and in
2001, was covered with a protective box so that the statue could be
re-gilded, which meant coated in double weight 23 and one quarter karat
gold leaf. He also did bas relief work on the A T & T building in
New York, a fountain for Fairmount Park in Philadelphia and the J.P.
Morgan memorial at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
included the National Sculpture Society, which he served as President
from 1939 to 1942 and 1945 to 1946; the National Academy of Design, and
the Cornish Colony in New Hampshire.
Matthew Baigell, Dictionary of American Art
Donald Martin Reynolds, Masters of American Sculpture
Peter Falk, Who Was Who in American Art
|Biography from Kramer Gallery, Inc.:|
|A sculptor who married classical themes to modern aesthetics, Paul Manship achieved early fame and, in later life, an honored rank in the art establishment of the nation.|
Manship studied at the St. Paul Institute of Arts and Sciences and New York’s Art Students League, but apprenticeships with Solon Borglum, Charles Grafly, and Isidore Konti led to his winning the Prix de Rome in 1909. Awarded a year of study and travel in Europe, Manship immersed himself in classical sculpture, creating works in bronze and stone that interpreted mythological figures in a steamlined, Art Deco-like modernist fashion.
Manship was elected to the National Academy of Design, American Academy of Arts and Letters, United States Commission of Fine Arts and other prominent organizations. His public commissions include the Memorial Gateway of the New York Zoological Gardens, works at the World’s Fairs of 1939 and 1964, and his best-known commission, the monumental gilded bronze figure of “Prometheus” in New York’s Rockefeller Center.
Manship’s estate collection of sculptures and drawings is divided between the Smithsonian American Art Museum and the Minnesota Museum of American Art. A collection of Paul Manship papers is at the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Edwin Murtha: PAUL MANSHIP (1959)
Gloria Kittelson et al.: PAUL MANSHIP: CHANGING TASTE IN AMERICA (1985)
Harry Rand: PAUL MANSHIP (1989)
|Biography from Cornish Colony Museum:|
|PAUL MANSHIP (1885-1966)|
Born in St. Paul, Minnesota.
Studied at the Art Students League, New York City and at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia
He also studied in Italy from 1909- 1911, where he developed an affinity for archaic and pre-classical works, which led to his usage of the unified linear style of sculpture for which he became best known. Paul Manship also worked in England in the studio of John Singer Sargent in 1921.
Manship’s most famous work is generally considered to be the outdoor sculpture of “Prometheus” for the new Rockefeller Center Plaza in New York, in 1934.
In 1939, another landmark sculpture was his “Sundial” accompanied by the “Moods of Time” for the outdoor fountain at the New York World's Fair.
He received many honors during his lifetime, the two most important being membership in the French Legion of Honor, and his election to the American Academy of Arts and Letters.
Manship’s sculpture style was distinctively his own, beginning in eclecticism, and maturing through the stylization of Art Deco was distilled at the end into a personal expression of the classical tradition.
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