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 Andre Lhote  (1885 - 1962)

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Lived/Active: France      Known for: modernist figure, landscape, still life and portrait painting, sculpture, teaching

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BIOGRAPHY for Andre Lhote
Facts/Data
Birth
1885 (Bordeaux, France)
 
Death
1962 (Paris, France)

Lived/Active
France

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modernist figure, landscape, still life and portrait painting, sculpture, teaching

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

A French sculptor and painter, Andre Lhote worked in modernist styles including Fauvism and Cubism and was part of a group of revolutionaries including Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia and Jacques Villon.

He was born in Bordeaux and as a twelve-year old apprenticed to a sculptor and furniture maker and learned to work in wood.  The next year, 1898, he enrolled in The Ecole des Beaux Arts in Bordeaux and studied decorative sculpture.  During this time, he began painting, and in 1905, much admiring Paul Gaughin and Paul Cezanne, set up his own studio for painting.  In 1910, he had his first one-man exhibition, which was held in Bordeaux at the Galerie Druet.  By 1914, he had moved to Paris.

During World War I, his art career was interrupted by service in the army.  After his discharge in 1917, he painted with Cubists and co-founded Nouvelle Revue Français, an art journal for which he did writing until 1940.

Andre Lhote was also a teacher at schools in Paris including one he founded in 1922 in Montparnasse and at the Académie Notre-Dame des Champs.  He also lectured widely on art in Europe, and served as President of the International Association of Painters, Engravers and Sculptors.

He died in 1962 in Paris.


Source:
Wikipedia, based on biography from the Tate Gallery
http://www.tate.org.uk

Biography from Papillon Gallery:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

André Lhote 1885-1962

Lhote was born in Bordeaux, France in 1885.  He left grade school at age thirteen to become an apprentice at a local sculpture studio while formally studying sculpture at l'École des Beaux Arts.

Lhote supported himself by repairing antiquities and giving drawing lessons.  At age twenty, in order to devote himself to painting, he set up a studio in the attic of an old house in Bordeaux.  In those days, Lhote often visited the home of collector Gabriel Frizeau.  It was here that he met among others, Jacques Riviére the literary critic of Nouvelle Revue Français, who took a great interest in painting.  Lhote's study of classical form began during his youth in Bordeaux.

Lhote's early works similar to those of the Fauvists, exhibit a sense of rhythmic gesture, simplification of shapes, and intense color.  Several of these works are illustrated in Jacovsky's André Lhote.  The Cézanne Retrospective in the Salon d'Automne of 1907 profoundly affected Lhote's development. In 1908 the Groupe du Bateau-Lavoir was formed, of which Lhote was an early member.  This was the original Montmartre Cubist Society, so named, for the tenement in which Picasso was living.

In 1910, Lhote's work was exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants, the official launching of the Cubist movement in Paris.  The response to his paintings was so favorable that he was soon offered his first solo exhibition at the Galerie Druet.  Critics, contemporaries, and writers in Paris such as André Gide, André Salmon, and others contributed their full support to Lhote at this time.  Following this triumph, his work was exhibited at the Salon in 1911 and 1912 with the major Cubists of the era.

Lhote soon joined the independent Cubist group Section d'Or along fellow pioneers Albert Gleizes, Jean Metzinger, Fernad Léger, Francis Picabia, Frans Kupka, Juan Gris, and Alexander Archipenko.

Lhote contributed to the development of Synthetic Cubism in his writings as well as with his paintings.  He often defended his ideas in Nouvelle Revue Française.  Indeed, Robert Rosenblum in his Cubism and the Twentieth century Art has called Lhote "the official academician of Cubism."

Lhote's publications are numerous and include the important monographs on Corot and Seurat, Traité de la Figure et du Paysage, and Chefs d'Oeuvres de la Peintre Égyptienne.  He also contributed to the French and foreign journals throughout his life.  His illustrations appear with the writings of Jean Cocteau, Paul Eluard, François Mauiac, and Blaise Cendrars.

Lhote was a dedicated teacher for decades, his style and technique was passed on to hundreds of young artists that flocked to Paris.  From Tamara de Lempicka, his most famous student to a mass of yet overlooked artists, his contribution to Modern Art is incalculable.

André Lhote has been honored in France on a number of occasions.  He was awarded the National Grand Prize of Painting in 1955 and was honored in 1958 as Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters.  Retrospectives of Lhote's work were held at the Musée d'Art Moderne in Paris in 1958, and at the Musée Toulouse Lautrec in Albi, 1962, the year of his death.  His paintings are in museum collections throughout the world.


Biography from Anderson Galleries, Inc.:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Andre Lhote was both a talented painter and critic.  He began his career in the decorative arts, studying woodcarving at an early age and later attending the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Bordeaux where he specialized in decorative arts.  Lhote's first large-scale exhibition took place at the Paris Salon d'Automne in 1907.  These works, like the present painting, featured bright colors and vigorous brushstrokes.

His early paintings were marked by his appreciation for Fauvism as well as his admiration of Cezanne.  During this time, Lhote made acquaintances with a number of French writers and critics.  It was the amateur critic Granie who secured a year's scholarship for Lhote at the Villa Medici Libre in 1909, an academic program for non-married artists.  It was here that Lhote met Raoul Dufy, who was instrumental in introducing him to advanced artists and poets such as Robert Delaunay, Jean Metzinger, and Fernand Leger.

When Lhote later participated in the Salon des Independants of 1911, his work was shown next door to the infamous Salle 41, where Cubism was first exhibited.  Lhote and these artists quickly became friends after learning the common extent of their interests.  Their alliance became cemented in the Salon d'Automne of 1911 where paintings by Gleize, Leger, Metzinger, Villon, Duchamp, and Moreau were shown alongside Lhote's Port of Bordeaux.  Thus began Lhote's formal identification with Cubism, taken further in 1919 with his inclusion in the Salon de la Section d'Or.

Museum Collections Include: Aargauer Kunsthaus, Aarau; Musee des Beaux-Arts, Bordeaux; Musee du Petit-Palais, Geneva; Musee Nationale d'Arte Moderne, Paris; Musee d'Arte Moderne de la Ville, Paris; Museum of the Annunciation, St Tropez

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