1908 (Anglés Cataluña, Spain)
1963 (Mexico City, Mexico)
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surrealist painting, mysticism and symbolism
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|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
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From Spain where she was born December 16, 1908, Remedios Varo was an
avant-garde painter whose subjects were mysticism, allegory, symbolism
surrealism. She was much influenced by surrealist, Salvador Dalí,
with whom she reportedly
attended art classes in Spain at the San Fernando Academy.
However, she, unlike Dali, has remained relatively unknown, likely due
to her death in the prime of her career.
Her basic art training was at the Academy. From childhood she was
influenced by parents who stressed moral values and by a father who
encouraged her to learn drafting.
To escape turmoil from the Civil War in Spain, she moved to Paris,
where she had exposure to Surrealism. But again, political unrest
led her to re-settle, and with
her husband, Benjamin Péret, she escaped Nazi aggression and in 1941,
Mexico City, where she remained the rest of her life, and completed
most of her work, about 110 paintings. Generally she painted in
oil on masonite with very fine, meticulous brush strokes.
In Mexico, she associated with revolutionary artists such as Diego
Rivera and Frida Kahlo, and became especially good friends with Leonora
Carrington, expatriate English painter. Walter Gruen, an Austrian
who had escaped from a concentration camp, was also a close friend, and
he supported her in a way that allowed her to focus on her creativity.
In 1963, Remedios Varo died in Mexico City from a heart attack, reportedly caused by tension and cigarette addiction.
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