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 Rembrandt Bugatti  (1884 - 1916)

About: Rembrandt Bugatti
 

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Lived/Active: Italy/France      Known for: realistic animal sculpture, drawings

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BIOGRAPHY for Rembrandt Bugatti
Facts/Data
Birth
1884 (Milan, Italy)
 
Death
1916 (Paris, France)

Lived/Active
Italy/France

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realistic animal sculpture, drawings

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

An Italian sculptor whose reputation was for animal subjects, Rembrandt Bugatti was born in Milan, Itlay to a family of artists including an uncle, Giovanni Seguantini, a painter, and a brother, Ettore, a sculptor.  His mother left him for periods of time when he was a child to lead a very secluded life and to deal with her bitterness at her fragile health, exaserbated by the birth of Rembrandt.

At age 14, Rembrandt Bugatti had completed a sculptor of a farmer leading cows that got the attention of his father and a sculptor, Troubetzkoi, for its skill of execution.  At Troubetzkoi's suggestion, the young Bugatti enrolled in the Brera Academy of Milan.  Between 1900 and 1903, he worked intensely and then exhibited for the first time at the Venice Biennale, something he also did in 1907, 1909, 1910 and 1914. 

He moved to Paris in 1904 with his parents, and there became an exhibiting member of the National Society of Fine Art and spent much time at the Garden of Plants observing animals, which he used as models for his sculpture.  His father, a furniture manufacturer, closed his Milan workshop because he was so taken with the art culture of Paris, and was helpful to his son, who tended to be shy, in meeting figures of the art world.

Bugatti gained gallery representation shortly after his arrival in Paris with Hebrard Gallery, owned by Adrien-Aurelien Hebrard, who had Bugatti sign a contract of exclusivity.  (It was co-signed by his father because Rembrandt was not of legal age).  It was a successful arrangment financially for Hebrard but frustrating because Bugatti was not getting what he felt was a fair share of the profits and was filling many commissions of small works, which he called 'living room' pieces, rather than the larger pieces he preferred.  However, he was living with his parents so did not have trouble with board and room expenses.

In 1905, he began exhibiting for the next eleven years at the Autumn Show, held annually at the Grand Palais near the Champs Elyssees.  During this period, in addition to animals, he is also sculpting many nude figures.

Two years later, in 1907, he began a seven-year period in Belgium, invited by members of the Royal Society of Zoology in Antwerp to be a part of their exhibitions and attend workshops.  For Bugatti, an added bonus was the quality of the Antwerp Zoo.  Room and board was not a part of the arrangement, but he found welcome lodging in the family of the General Consul from France in Antwerp. 

He spent much time at the Zoo, but does not socialize much with other artists and shows discomfort in being with people socially.  Also he has financial problems, one of the reasons attributed to his extravagance in buying clothes for himself.  Although preferring to work in Belgium, he travels often to Paris to meet with Hebrard, but gradually loses interest in marketing his sculptures.  His health deteriorates, and he receives the diagnosis of tuberculosis.

In December 1909, Rembrandt's brother, Ettore, opened a factory for his automobiles, the beginnings of the famous Ettore Bugatti Motorcars, and living in a luxurious villa at Molsheim in the Alsace District of France, hosts his family including Rembrandt for Christmas.  The following June, Rembrandt, age 26, exhibited at the Royal Society of Zoology in Antwerp and was highly praised.  In 1912, sponsored by Hebrard, he received the rank of Chevalier of Legion of Honour of France, and in November 1913, he was highly lauded in an art critic's review for a monthly, Art and Decoration.  However, his inclination to be solitary increased along with mental depression.  In a letter to Ettore, he referred to his days as being "monotonous, without enjoyment nor pleasure."  In 1914, he became a stretcher-bearer for the Red Cross in a Belgian section in the Zoo of Antwerp, and was so heroic, he was named Honour Citizen by officials of the City of Antwerp.

After his war service, he returned to Paris where, on January 8, 1916, he committed suicide with poison in his workshop in Montparnasse, leaving a letter for Ettore and another for the city constable.  He is buried in the Bugatti family vault at Dorlisheim, near Molsheim. 

Rembrandt Bugatti's last sculpture was of a snake being crushed by a lion, and it is signed by Ettore Bugatti with the words: "last work of my brother---Paris, January 8th, 1916".  Hebrard had a death mask done of Rembrandt, and it is in the Orsay Museum in Paris.


Source:
http://www.club-bugatti-france.net/welcome/history/Rembrandt_Bugatti_E/rembrandt_bugatti_e.html










Biography from Altermann Galleries and Auctioneers, I:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Rembrandt Bugatti (16 October 1884 – 8 January 1916) was an Italian sculptor, known primarily for his bronze sculptures of wildlife subjects.

Born in Milan, into a notably artistic family, Rembrandt Bugatti was the second son of Carlo Bugatti (1856-1940) and his wife, Teresa Lorioli. His older brother was Ettore Bugatti who became one of the world's most famous automobile manufacturers.

He was given his first name by his uncle, the painter Giovanni Segantini. His father was a successful and important Art Nouveau furniture and jewelry designer who also worked in textiles, ceramics, and silver metalware. As such, Rembrandt Bugatti grew up in an environment where a great many of his parent's friends were from the artistic world. In 1902, the family moved to Paris, where they lived in a community of artisans.

As a child he hung around his father's workshop and was encouraged to try sculpting in plasticine by the family friend and renowned Russian sculptor, Prince Paolo Troubetzkoy (1866-1938).

Rembrandt Bugatti was a young man when he began to work with the art foundry and gallery owner, Adrian Hébrard. He produced a number of bronzes which were successfully exhibited and promoted by Hébrard. Bugatti's love of nature led to him spending a great deal of time in the wildlife sanctuary near the Jardin des Plantes in Paris or at the Antwerp Zoo where he studied the features and movement of exotic animals. His sculptures of animals such as elephants, panthers and lions became his most valuable and popular works.
The silver elephant mascot that sits on top of the radiator of the Bugatti Royale was cast from one of Rembrandt's original sculptures.
His art works are now also highly priced. A cast of his 1909-1910 bronze, Babouin Sacré Hamadryas (Sacred Hamadryas Baboon), was auctioned at Sotheby's in 2006 for $2.56 million[1]. In May, 2010, the Babouin reappeared at auction at Sotheby's (est. $2/3 million), along with a male and female Lion and Lionne de Nubie (est. $1.5/2 million and $1.2/1.8 million, respectively), a Grande girafe tête basse (est. $1/1.5 million) and seven other pieces from the S. Joel Schur Collection, perhaps the finest collection of masterpieces by Bugatti in private hands according to one report.[2] One of the Bugatti pieces was reported sold apparently as part of a group of sculptures (with three Rodin and a Noguchi) for an aggregate of $20 million.[3]

During World War I the Antwerp Zoo was forced to kill most of its wild livestock. This deeply affected Bugatti because he had used many of these animals as objects for his sculpture. In 1916, at the age of 31, he killed himself.[4]

He is interred in the Bugatti family plot at the municipal cemetery in Dorlisheim in the Bas-Rhin département of the Alsace region of France.

Notes
1. ^ Antiques Roadshow Insider, V.7, No.2, February 2007, p. 1.
2. ^ "Sotheby's New York Sale of Impressionist and Modern Art May 5th" artknowledgenews.com, undated. Retrieved 2010-05-10.
3. ^ "A Sober Follow-Up to a Record Auction Night" by Carol Vogel, The New York Times, May 5, 2010 (May 6, 2010 on p. A24 of National ed.). Retrieved 2010-05-10.
4. ^ "Rembrandt Bugatti". http://www.bugatti.com/en/tradition/history/the-bugatti-family/rembrandt-bugatti.html. Retrieved August 28, 2009.

Source: Wikipedia

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