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 Johan Barthold Jongkind  (1819 - 1891)

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About: Johan Barthold Jongkind


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Lived/Active: Netherlands/France      Known for: landscape, seascape and marine painting

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BIOGRAPHY for Johan Jongkind
1819 (Lattrop - Netherlands)
1891 (St Egreve (Asylum) - France)


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landscape, seascape and marine painting

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Johan Jongkind was born at Latrop, near Rotterdam, Holland on June 3,1819. The now noted marine and landscape painter and etcher went to Paris in 1846 to work with Eugene Isabey. The Salon rejected many of his pictures, and in 1952 awarded him only the third-class medal. But he won recognition from such men as Baudelaire, Burty and Marmontel.

Jongkind joined the school of Fountainebleau, greatly influencing the French landscape painters. He was essentially the initiator of contemporary Impressionism, and was really the master of Diaz, Monet, Sisley and Pissarro. Jongkind, who was a master watercolorist, was also a founder of La Societe des Aquafortistes.

He ceased exhibiting in 1872 and lived in the mountains; but he returned yearly to Holland to experiment with the effects of moonlight on water for which he is especially famous.

He died on February 9, 1891.

Written and submitted August 2004 by Jean Ershler Schatz, artist and researcher from Laguna Woods, California.

Sources include:
Masterpieces of Art, catalogue for the New York World's Fair 1940
From the internet, WebMuseum, Paris

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