Artist Search
   
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z 

 Styles of Interest
See all "Popular Topics"  
Abstract Expressionism
Art Deco
Art Nouveau
Barbizon School
Bay Area Figurative
California Style
Cartoonists
Conceptual Art
Constructivism
Dada
Expressionism
Fauvism
Folk Art
Futurism
Impressionism-American
Impressionists Pre 1940
Minimalism
Modernism
Op Art
Photo Realism
Plein Air Painting
Pointillism
Pop Art
Post Impressionism
Precisionist Painters
Realism
Romanticism
Surrealism
Symbol/Symbolism
Tonalism
Trompe l'Oeil Painting
See all "Popular Topics"  

Dada


A word meaning "hobby horse" in French, and "yes, yes" in Slavic, it is linked to poet, Tristan Tzara, who reportedly stabbed a penknife in a dictionary in a random place, and it landed on the nonsense word "Dada".  The term was applied to an international movement among intellectuals in the fine arts, drama, and literature, and grew from a gathering in Zurich, Switzerland in 1916 at a club called Cabaret Voltaire.  The movement traveled to other major centers including New York City, Berlin, Cologne, Hanover and Paris.  Viewed historically, Dada was short lived, and by 1924, was essentially over, but it remains an effective reminder of revolt against World War I and the resulting expressions of cynicism.  The loss of more than ten-million persons in that war and the fact that modern technology could cause such havoc led to the bitterness reflected by the Dada artists.  Dadaists used improvised, sarcastic expressions of intuition and irrationality to send the message that only that which was absurd could have meaning in a world supposedly rational and yet was so destructive.  Among Dada artists were Marcel Duchamp, Jean Arp, Francis Picabia, and Max Ernst.  Some of them appropriated ready-made, traditionally unacceptable items for art work such as found objects.  Duchamp, expressing Dadaism, did a painting of Mona Lisa with a mustache.  Dada was a forerunner of Surrealism, Collage, Performance Art and Found Art.  Sources: Ralph Mayer, "A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques"; Kimberley Reynolds and Richard Seddon, "Illustrated Dictionary of Art Terms"; Julia M Ehresmann, "The Pocket Dictionary of Art Terms"; Robert Atkins, "Artspeak"; Alan Riding, "The New York Times", October 12, 2005.




  go to top home | site map | site terms | AskART services & subscriptions | contact | about us
  copyright © 2000-2014 AskART all rights reserved ® AskART and Artists' Bluebook are registered trademarks

  A |  B |  C |  D-E |  F-G |  H |  I-K |  L |  M |  N-P |  Q-R |  S |  T-V |  W-Z  
  frequently searched artists 1, 2, more...  
  art appraisals, art for sale, auction records, misc artists