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Art Glossary Terms: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

TermDescription

UAT/Unification of Art Theory

Unification of Art Theories (UAT) considers that every artist should employ - in producing an artwork – ideas, theories, styles, techniques and procedures of making art borrowed from various artists, teachers, schools of art, movements throughout history, but combined with new ones invented, or adopted from any knowledge field (science in special, literature, etc.), by the artist himself. The artist can use a multi-structure and multi-space giving birth to a hybrid art. UAT requires not only selecting but also inventing, or adopting new procedures from any field. In this way UAT pushes forward art development. Submitted by Dr. Florentin Smarandache

Ubiquitous Gaze

A phenomenon where the artist positions the eyes of a portrait in such a way that the viewer experiences a sense of being followed by the eyes in the portrait. (I.E. "Mona Lisa" by DaVinci). The same technique is used in Trompe l'Oeil paintings whereas a protruding shelf edge seems to move from side to side with the movement of the viewer. Is it real or is it painted? Source: Eric L. Conklin, Trompe l' Oeil Artist

Ukiyo-e

Meaning pictures of the floating world in Japanese, it is the country's primary woodblock printing approach and originated in the late 17th century in the metropolitan culture of Tokyo. Originally executed with India ink and depicting serene environments, which appealed to the elite, these prints have became widely popular because evolving methods allowed multi-color and mass production. Early subjects depicted city life, especially 'fantasy', but have become increasingly 'risque' with theatre world entertainments including explicit sexual subjects. Among Ukiyo-e woodblock printers are Paul Jacoulet, Tadasha Toda, Keiko Hara, Milt Kobayashi, Alice Huger Smith, Helen Wells Seymour and Paul Binnie. Source: Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukiyo-e; AskART biographies

Ulster Academy of Arts

See Royal Ulster Academy

Ultramarine Blue

A rich, mid-range blue introduced in France about 1830. It is the basic blue in most water-based mediums and is a synthetic color with a slightly blue-violet cast to it. It is transparent, which makes it desirable for glazing. Source: Ralph Mayer, "A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques"

Underdrawing

The drawing preliminary to other layered work.

Underground Comix

A reference to low sales or self-published comic books, which tend to address social issues in a satirical way and reference topics forbidden to mainstream comics such as explicit sex, violence and drug use. These publications including "Mad" magazine, are part of hippie counterculture. They were especially popular in the 1960s and 70s in Britain but represented in America by Skip Williamson, Robert Crumb, Gilbert Sheldon, S. Clay Wilson and Harvey Kurtzman, founding editor of "Mad". Sources: Wikipedia-Underground Comix; AskART biographies.

Underpainting

The traditional stage in oil painting of using a MONOCHROME or DEAD COLOR as a base for composition. Also known as laying in.

Union of Austrian Artists

See Vienna Secession

Unit One

A group of early 20th century British artists who wanted to promote avant-garde art in England, it included Paul Nash, Ben Nicholson, Barbara Hepworth and Henry Moore. Source: Encyclopedia Britannica.

University of the Arts, Philadelphia

Founded in 1876 in the center city of Philadelphia, it now stretches for six blocks from Walnut Street to South Street along the Avenue of the Arts. It offers classes in Design, Visual Arts, Performance and Film, and emphasis is on intermingling of students from each of these areas. The University evolved in 1985 with the merging of two century-old institutions, the Philadelphia College of Art and Philadelphia College of Performing Arts. In 1987, it achieved university status, becoming the largest institution of comprehensive arts in the USA. Source: The University of the Arts, http://www.uarts.edu/about/history.html

Upper Canada Provincial Exhibition

Held at Hamilton, Ontario, it was founded in 1846 and exist to 1868. Mainly an agricultural gathering, it was precursor to the Canadian National Exhibition at Toronto. Soon after its inception, artists began displaying their work at the fair, first under the "craft" category and then as art. It was the only venue for quite some time that provided artists in Ontario, particularly those who were born and trained in England, with a sense of an artistic community.’ Source: Trent University Art Collection, Peterborough, Ontario. Courtesy, M.D. Silverbrooke

Urban Realism

See Ashcan School
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