Carl Heidenreich (1901-1965) was at the core of Germany's avant-garde. His breakthrough came in 1933 when he received an offer for a solo exhibition of his brooding cityscapes at Galerie Nierendorf, but plans for the show came to a disastrous and abrupt halt with the election of Adolf Hitler. While Heidenreich's paintings did not label him a "degenerate", his political activism did - he was denounced as a communist, his show forbidden, his studio ransacked, 200 pictures destroyed, and eventually jailed in Moabit by the Nazis.
After his imprisonment, Heidenreich fled to Spain and France, joined the Spanish resistance, was twice imprisoned and tortured in Spain, and twice interned in France. He managed to leave Europe at the last mo
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