GIUSEPPE DE NITTIS
De Nittis, who represents a concrete link between the Italian and French plein-air movements, was born in Barletta, Italy, on 22 February 1846; he began his studies in 1861 at the Institute of Fine Arts in Naples, before coming under the influence of the Macchiaioli, through Adriano Cecioni (1836-1886). His early style, represented by The Appenine Pass (Palazzo Reale di Capodimonte, Naples) features a tendency toward gray tonalities, atmospheric effects with cloudy skies, "views with finesse of details. . . with a sense of innate elegance . . . unpretentious but rarely sparkling subjects. . . . " (Brizio, 1939, p. 254). In Paris under Gérôme (1867), he turned to themes of modern French society
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