James McDougal Hart
(1828 - 1901)
James McDougal Hart was active/lived in New York. James Hart is known for bucolic landscape with cattle, genre, and figure painting.
Biography James McDougal Hart
Born in Kilmarnock, Scotland, James Hart was a leading figure of the
second generation Hudson River School painters and was known for
idyllic landscapes, especially with cows. His family emigrated to
Albany, New York in 1830 when he was age two, and Hart, at age 15,
apprenticed to a sign and banner painter in Albany. Later he switched
to portrait painting.
At age 22, he went to Germany and
enrolled in the Dusseldorf Art Academy for three years and returned to
Albany where he opened a studio and taught and painted until 1857 when
he established a studio in New York City. There members of the
newly rich, post-Civil War society were delighted with his serene,
rural landscapes. It was a time when New York "sw
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