Josefa Ben-Shmuel was a sculptor and graphic artist for thirty years
under her maiden name of Jo Jenks, before marrying fellow sculptor and
teacher Ahron Ben-Shmuel. She did direct carving in onyx, granite, and
alabaster and worked in bronze, plaster, and ceramics as well. She is
known primarily for portraits and female nudes, or rock women, as she
Active in the Progressive Education movement, she helped
found the Mount Kemble School in Morristown, New Jersey and taught art
there until 1937. She also taught at Columbia and Temple Universities.
Jenks was a serious student of Jungian child psychologist Frances G.
Wickes and later, she joined the Wilhelm Reich movement and sculpted the
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