Maria Montoya Poveka Martinez
(1887 - 1980)
Maria Montoya Poveka Martinez was active/lived in New Mexico. Maria Martinez is known for pueblo motif black pottery.
Biography Maria Montoya Poveka Martinez
Of Tewa heritage of the San Ildefonso Pueblo in the Rio Grande Valley
of New Mexico, Maria Martinez became world renowned for her black on
black pottery. "This process involved burying the unfinished pot in a fire in the ground, covered tightly with sheep or cow dung for fuel. The amount of air reaching the pottery determined whether the clay remained red or instead turned completely black." (Gibson/Michnovicz, 91)
Her pottery was first exhibited beyond her pueblo at the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904, and many decades later at the Smithsonian Museum in Washington DC, the Millicent Rogers Museum in Taos, and the Heard Museum in Phoenix.
She learned to make pots as a child from her
aunt, Tia Nicolas
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