Marie Cerminova Toyen
(1902 - 1980)
Marie Cerminova Toyen was active/lived in Czech Republic, France. Marie Toyen is known for surrealist and abstract painting, crafts and erotic illustration.
Biography Marie Cerminova Toyen
Marie Cermínová, known as Toyen, was a Czech painter, draftsperson and illustrator and a member of the surrealist movement. From 1919 to 1920, Toyen attended UMPRUM (Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design) in Prague. She worked closely with fellow Surrealist poet and artist Jindrich Štyrský until Štyrský's death. They joined the Devetsil group in 1923 and exhibited with the group.
In the early 1920s Toyen travelled to Paris, and soon returned there with Štyrský. While living in Paris, the two founded an artistic alternative to Abstraction and Surrealism, which they dubbed Artificialism. They returned to Prague in 1928.
Toyen referred to herself in the masculine case out of rejection for gender in true avant-garde fashion. S
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