MINERVA JOSEPHINE CHAPMAN (1858-1947)
Besides miniatures on ivory, Chapman (1858-1947) executed oils in a painterly style, and also used a more broad post-impressionist technique. Born in Altmar, New York, Chapman grew up in Chicago, was educated at Mount Holyoke College, then returned to study at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago under Annie Shaw (1852-1887) and John H. Vanderpoel. By 1882, she was in Munich, then continued her studies at the Académie Julian in Paris (1888-1897). She befriended Charles "Shorty" Lasar, who heavily influenced her bold, plein-air painting style. Around this time she painted at Auvers-sur-Oise and Etaples.
Her impressive exhibition record, too extensive to
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