Leibl, born the son of a church organist in Cologne on 23 October 1844, first studied there under Hermann Becker (1817-1885). His instructors at the Munich Academy, which he entered in 1864, were Hermann Anschütz, Arthur Ramberg and Karl von Piloty. In the Munich Academy, as Quick (in Quick, Ruhmer, and West, 1978) explained, the student spent at least his first year drawing after Antique casts and the model. He graduated to Painting Technique class, which included portrait studies, and finally, in Composition class or master class (Meisterklasse), he worked under a chosen professor. Leibl undoubtedly noticed five works by Frans Hals on display and he discovered the art of Gustave Courbet at t
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