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Jean-Pierre Yvaral

 (1934 - 2002)
Jean-Pierre Yvaral was active/lived in France.  JeanPierre Yvaral is known for digital art, optical designs, figurative, kinetic.

Jean-Pierre Yvaral

Biography from the Archives of askART

Biography photo for Jean-Pierre Yvaral
The following information, submitted December 2011, is from Mike Bruns.

Jean Pierre Yvaral (1932-2002)

Combining the poetry of geometry with figurative art, Yvaral has created a wholly original body of artworks that has received the praise of important critics and museum curators around the world. Born in France, Yvaral grew up in a complete artistic ambiance. Working alongside his father, Victor Vasarely, he discovered and explored the beauty of geometry in art. The inspiration of the French Impressionists and Pointillists is evident in Yvaral's vibrant paintings. The artist juxtaposes pure colors next to one another to achieve the illusion of three-dimensional forms.

Provided by:
Jean Pierre Yvaral was the son of Victor Vasarely. He was born in Paris and the co-founded Groupe de Recherche d'Art Visuel, a venue in which he exhibited for many years. In his desire to codify visual constants, he searched for a geometric vocabulary using a cubic structure and structured horizons. He integrated these concepts with new manipulations made possible by advanced technology, and explored ways to define digital art and the use of the digitalized image.

In 1962 he introduced the first of what would eventually number nearly 300 photo-realist digitalized paintings, incorporating various historic figures and celebrities, incorporating Marilyn Monroe, Salvador Dali, Abraham Lincoln, and George Washington.

As with Lowell Nesbitt, Yvaral had a long-standing relationship with New York's esteemed Howard Wise Gallery, an exhibition space devoted to art and new technology — and a radical departure from the focus of other Manhattan galleries during the 1960s.  In addition to solo shows at the Howard Wise Gallery, Yvaral's work was exhibited with many European galleries, including the Ricke Gallery in Kassel, Germany; the Tobies and Silex Gallery in Cologne; the Hagen Museum in Germany; the Denise Rene Gallery in Paris; and Semika Huber Gallery in Zurich. He also participated in group exhibitions at the Charleroi Museum in Belgium; the Museum of Grenoble in France; the Henie Onstad Museum in Oslo; the Pori Art Museum in Finland; and the Museum of Fine Arts in Caracas.

Provided by Vocus Inc.

French maker of optical/kinetic reliefs and painter. Jean-Pierre Vasarely, known as Yvaral, born in Paris. Studied graphic art and publicity at the Ecole des Arts Appliqu-23s in Paris. First experimented with geometrical abstract art in 1954 and made his first works with movement 1955. Co-founder with Le Parc, Morellet, Sobrino and others of the Groupe de Recherche d'Art Visuel 1960. Attempted to create a visual language based on simple codifiable and programmed elements and also (in his reliefs) to use moir-23 effects, optical acceleration, etc. to introduce notions of space and time usually through the displacement of the spectator. First one-man exhibition at the Howard Wise Gallery, New York, 1966. From c.1968 made many paintings and screenprints with vigorous colour interactions and geometrical compositions suggesting movement, projection, recession, etc. His works include a number of multiples. Lives in Paris.

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.766-7

Book Where Referenced:

1. Yvaral (Le Territoire de l'eil ; 4) (French Edition) by Jean Clarence Lambert (1977)

2.Yvaral by Otto Hahn (1974)
3.YVARAL by Yvaral; Et Al (1972)

5.Yvaral by Galerie Denise Rene (1969)
6.Yvaral (Pt.I, II) by Frank Popper, Britta Vetter and Emma Healey (May 2007)
7.Yvaral: 1960-1980 Recherches Visuelles Analyses Numeriques by Yvaral and Patrick Osenda (1980)

8. From Technological to Virtual Art (Leonardo Book Series) by Frank Popper (Dec 22, 2006)

9.A Little-Known Story about a Movement, a Magazine, and the Computer's Arrival in Art: New Tendencies and Bit International, 1961--1973 by Margit Rosen (Jan 28, 2011)

Important Exhibitions

The Expanded Eye
Kunsthaus Zürich

Op Art Revisited
Albright-Knox Art Gallery

revolução cinética

Bewegung im Quadrat
Museum Ritter - Sammlung Marli Hoppe-Ritter

L'ðil moteur- Art optique et cinétique, 1950-197
Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain - MAMCS

Die Neuen Tendenzen. Eine europäische Kuenstlerbewegung 1961-1973
Leopold Hoesch Museum

Published in:

Biography from the Archives of askART
Born: January 1934 in Paris

Studied: Graphic Arts Studies and the Ecole des Arts Appliques (School of Applied
Art) in Paris.

First research into constructive abstract art in 1954

Co-founder of the Groupe de Recherche d'Art Visuel (Visual Art Research Group) in 1960, with which he exhibited throughout the world until 1968.

Through his search for a geometric vocabulary (cubic structure, structured horizons,) and his desire to codify visual constants, Yvaral attempts to define a digital art (a concept of digitalized image) using his past experiences and by means of new manipulations that are possible due to the technology of our era.

Solo Exhibits:
-Op-Art Gallery - Esslingen, Germany
-Howard Wise Gallery - New York
-Ricke Gallery - Kassel, Germany
-Tobies and Silex Gallery - Cologne
-Hagen Museum - Germany
-Redfern Gallery - London
-Denise Rene Gallery - Paris
-Semika Huber Gallery - Zurich
-Govaerts Gallery - Brussels
-Fine Arts Museum - Caracas
-Hotel de Ville de Paris - Retrospective
-F.I.A.C. Grand Palais - Paris
-Pavillon des Arts - Paris
-Circle Gallery - New York - Los Angeles - San Francisco - Chicago - -
Houston - Dallas
-"Artec 90" - Nagoya, Japan - Selected to represent France
-Mitsukoski Museum - Tokyo

Submitted by
Eric I. Spoutz, Art Consultant, Art Investor

Biography from Auctionata
The son of the famous Op art artist Victor Vasarely, born as Jean-Pierre Vasarely, became known by his artist’s name Yvaral.  From 1950-1953 he studied at the École des Arts appliqués in Paris and counted among the founding members of the ‘Groupe de Recherche d'Art Visuel’ in 1960, an artist’s group working with the resources of Kinetic Art who aimed at ‘producing a new visual relationship between object and the eye of the Beholder’.  Yvaral developed an art according to numerical rules or algorithms, for which he coined the term ‘numerical art’ in 1975.  Using a computer he created and altered images whose final realization he still undertook manually. (tm)

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About  Jean-Pierre Yvaral

Born:  1934 - Paris, France
Died:   2002 - France
Known for:  digital art, optical designs, figurative, kinetic