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John Gast

 (born 1842)
John Gast was active/lived in New York / Germany, Russian Federation.  John Gast is known for allegorical narrative, portrait painting.

John Gast

Biography from the Archives of askART

Biography photo for John Gast
The memory of John Gast's career as an artist depends, in great measure, upon one painting, American Progress, painted circa 1872-1873, exalting the doctrine of Manifest Destiny in the movement Westward by the American people. This painting of a monumental allegorical figure of a white-gowned woman symbolizing Progress, is used in many college and university courses on American art and history because it so graphically expresses this 19th Century belief.

This work was included in the exhibition of one hundred twenty paintings and sculptures in 2000 in the exhibition, The American West: Out of Myth, Into Reality, at the Mississippi Museum of Art, Jackson; Terra Museum of American Art, Chicago, Illinois; and the Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio.

A design for a print, drawn in ink, The Country Visitor, depicting a girl feeding geese, is in the collection of the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, in Washington, D.C.



According to his U.S. Passport application, on July 23, 1867, John Gast was born in Berlin, Prussia (Germany) on December 21, 1842. He immigrated to the United States when he was approximately 4, and settled with his family, which included his father Leopold, a lithographer in St. Louis, Missouri. He moved to New York, and lived in Brooklyn, where he worked as an artist in 1880, according to the United States Census.

Information courtesy of Sara W. Duke, Curator, Library of Congress

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About  John Gast

Born:  1842 - Berlin, Prussia, Germany
Known for:  allegorical narrative, portrait painting