Winckworth Allan Gay
(1821 - 1910)
Winckworth Allan Gay was active/lived in Massachusetts. Winckworth Gay is known for landscape, marine-coastal view.
Winckworth Allan Gay
Biography from the Archives of askART
Winckworth Allan Gay was a painter of landscapes including many scenes
of Europe and the Orient and also did an occasional portrait. His
landscape style combined Tonalism of the Barbizon School and serenity
and vistas of the Hudson River School. He was one of the first
Americans to be influenced by the Barbizon style of painting from
France, was one of the earliest Americans to study in Paris, and was
one of the first, possibly the first, American painter to live and
paint in Japan.
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He was born in 1821 in West Hingham, Massachusetts. He is
known to have studied with Robert W. Weir in West Point, New York in
1838, and was painting in the Boston area in the early 1840s, as
suggested by his first known portrait, which was Ebenezer Gay, executed in 1845.
traveled throughout Europe for four years, beginning in 1847. He
was an inveterate traveler, painting locales as varied as the Orient,
Egypt, northeastern America and France. In Paris, Gay worked with
Constant Troyon, and through him came under the influence of the
Barbizon School of landscape painters in Barbizon, France.
to Boston in 1851, Gay, for a number of years, continued to exhibit
paintings based on his European sketches and experience. He was
very successful with work that married the styles of the French
Barbizon and American Hudson River Schools of painting and exemplified
a use of color and meticulous brushwork that suggests John Frederick
Kensett and the Luminists.
Gay joined the West Campton artists'
colony in New Hampshire in the late 1850s, and had been depicting the
White Mountains there for most of that decade. But Gay's restless
feet would not allow him to remain in the Northeast. By 1873, he
was on the road again to Egypt and Europe. And, in 1877, he
traveled to Japan and other countries in the Orient, financing the
journey by auctioning-off 112 paintings. He stayed in Japan for
four years, spending time in Kamakura, Yokohama, Tokyo and Kyota.
He was back in Boston by 1881, and exhibited many of his paintings from
his Oriental travels including scenes with canals, temples and old
Gay died in 1910, and had discontinued painting in 1890.
Allan Gay's paintings can be found in the collections of the Boston
Athenaeum, Brooklyn Museum, Hingham Historical Society, Massachusetts,
and Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Michael David Zellman, 300 Years of American Art
Peter Falk, Who Was Who in American Art
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