James St John
(c.1872 - 1957)
James Allen St. John was active/lived in Illinois, California / France. James St John is known for pulp-fiction illustration-fantasy, early landscape painting.
James Allen Saint John was born in Chicago, Illinois on October 1, 1872. James was the son of artist Susan St John. When quite young he sailed to Paris with his mother to study at Academy Julian. He arrived in California in 1887 and lived in the San Joaquin Valley where he further studied for three years with Joaquin Torrey and later studied at the Art Students League in New York.
He became famous for illustrating Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan books. He was professor of life drawing and illustration at the American Academy of Art before his death in Chicago on May 23, 1957.
Exh: Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 1898, 1909, 1920; American Watercolor Society, 1898, 1901, 1902; Art Institute of Chicago, 1904-31; Panama-Pacific Int'l Expo (San Francisco), 1915; Chicago Galleries Ass'n, 1926, 1930; Businessmen's Art Ass'n (Chicago), 1927; Century of Progress (Chicago), 1933.
Edan Hughes, "Artists in California, 1786-1940"
City Directory; CensusNearly 20,000 biographies can be found in Artists in California 1786-1940 by Edan Hughes and is available for sale ($150). For a full book description and order information please click here
J. Allen St. John
(American, NY 1872 - 1957)
Painted 1 Mountie subject in 1944.
J. Allen St. John was the oldest of all the Mountie artists. Born in 1872, he spent several years in Paris (1883-86) with his
mother, who was studying art there. He studied at the Art
Student's League in New York with William Merritt Chase, Harry Mowbray,
J. Carrol Beckwith and Kenyon Cox, between 1897-1900. In Paris
between 1906-1908, St. John studied at the Academie Julian with Jean
Paul Laurens, and in Holland with Henri Vierin.
By 1898 St. John was working as a commercial illustrator for the New York Herald,
where he remained until around 1917. St. John moved to Chicago
around 1912, where he illustrated magazine covers, and began a long
association with A. C. McClurg & Co., publisher of the Tarzan books
by Edgar Rice Burroughs. For two decades, St. John provided the
illustrations for Burroughs' Tarzan books, while teaching at the
Chicago Art Institute and the American Academy of Art.
Although he painted only one Mountie subject himself, St. John was a
tremendous influence on many of the other Mountie artists. Since
he taught at the Chicago Art Institute between 1917 and 1935, it is
likely that Hal Foster, Burne Hogarth, Paul Proehl and Studley
Burroughs would have studied with him.