Karl (Carl) Hofer
(1878 - 1955)
Karl (Carl) Hofer was active/lived in Germany. Karl Hofer is known for Expressionist painting.
Karl (Carl) Johannes Christian Hofer (1878-1955)
Hofer was born in 1878 in Karlsruhe, Germany. He was strongly influenced by the classical idealism of Hans von Marees; also Cezanne. He lived in Paris between 1908 to 1913, then settled in Berlin, where he achieved considerable success. At the end of World War II, he was appointed Director of the Hochschule Fur Bildende Kunste in Berlin.
His painting was expressionist in style but more restrained and poetic. Hofer was the first German ever to win first prize at the Carnegie International Exhibition. He was not a Nazi, and was forbidden to exhibit in Germany as a "degenerate" artist during the Nazi regime. He died in Berlin in 1955.
Art Institute of Chicago 1931, 1932, 1938, 1940
Carl (or Karl) Hofer (1878-1955)
first studied at the Academy of Arts in Karlsruhe before traveling to Rome and Paris, where he became acquainted with the naive paintings by Henri Rousseau and later the work by Cézanne, the French Impressionists and El Greco. In 1913 Hofer settled in Berlin and taught at the art school in Berlin-Charlottenburg. In 1928 a large retrospective took place at the Kunsthalle Mannheim, the Berlin Secession and the Berlin gallery of Alfred Flechtheim.
During the Third Reich his art was classified as ‘degenerate’. Hofer was prohibited from working and exhibiting. In 1943 almost his entire oeuvre was destroyed during a bomb attack. After the war he was appointed director of the Academy of Fine Arts in Berlin.
Hofer was an exponent of the realist tradition. His oeuvre occupies a special position within classical modernism. His work is defined on the one hand by his pursuit of an ideal classical form, which can be seen in his landscapes, still lifes and interiors, and on the other hand by the unadorned representation of the real world, as depicted in his visionary paintings and melancholic portraits of women.