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Lone Wolf

 (1882 - 1970)
M. "Lone Wolf" Lone Wolf was active/lived in Montana, Arizona.  Lone Wolf is known for commercial art, painting, illustration.

Lone Wolf

Biography from the Archives of askART

Born and raised on Birch Creek, the southern boundary of the Blackfoot Reservation of Montana, Lone Wolf was said to be one of the more colorful personalities of the Old West.  In the "white man's" culture, he became famous for his illustration and commercial art skills as well as for fine art painting and sculpting of western scenes.  He was also "one of the first Native American artists to paint in an academic manner and one of the first Native American professionals to utilize his own people as his primary theme" . . .(Gerdts 95)

His given name was Hart Merriam Schultz, and he was the son of James W. Schultz and Fine Shield Woman.  His father was the author of many books about Indian life, including the widely read "My Life as an Indian," and Lone Wolf was the illustrator, having begun painting at the age of eleven.  His sketches on buckskin of western life were quite entertaining to local cowboys with whom he worked as a range rider.  He began sculpting as a child with his grandfather, who taught him how to mold riverbank clay into animals.

Lone Wolf was educated in Indian schools and his art was encouraged when he was still a youth by Thomas Moran who saw his work and gave him lessons and told him he should get further training. Charles Schreyvogel, noted western artist, gave Lone Wolf his first set of oil paints, and later support came from Theodore Roosevelt, Owen Wister, Buffalo Bill Cody, Charles Russell, Olaf Seltzer and Frederic Remington.

In 1904, at age 24, he left the reservation as his mother had died, and his father had moved to the West Coast.  That same year, he completed his first watercolor painting of an Indian subject, and he also joined his father in California.   Beginning 1905, because of health-related reasons, he began spending his winters in New Mexico and Arizona, and in 1909 at the Grand Canyon, Lone Wolf met Thomas Moran, who encouraged him to become a professional artist.

Following Moran's advice, in 1910 he started formal art training with attendance  at the Los Angeles Art Students League.  From 1914 to 1915, he studied in Chicago at the Art Institute.  During this period, he illustrated more of his father's books, and one of them, Bird Woman, his father dedicated to him.

Lone Wolf traveled and painted across the West and set up tepee studios at the Grand Canyon and Glacier National Park at Saint Mary's Lake and later in the mountains of Arizona.

In 1916, he had a sell out show in Los Angeles, his first show in that city.  There he took further lessons in sculpture and created a bronze titled Riding High which brought him much recognition.  Another bronze, Camouflage, is at the Brookgreen Gardens in Brookgreen, South Carolina, and three of his paintings are in the collection of the University of Nebraska.

His style was that of Remington and Russell, and he signed his works with a wolf's face. He lived the last fifteen years of his life in Tucson, Arizona, with his wife Naoma, and he is buried on the Blackfeet Reservation.

William Gerdts, Art Across America, Volume III
Patrick Lester, The Biographical Directory of Native American Painters
Peggy and Harold Samuels, The Illustrated Biographical Encyclopedia of Artists of the American West

Compiled by Lonnie Pierson Dunbier

Biography from the Archives of askART
The following is from John Shultz, distant relative of Lone Wolf:

(The artist's-sic) Father was James Willard Schultz, noted writer of Indian life in the late 1800's. Wrote 31 books that are still in circulation, primarily because they are written from the Indian's point of view.  He could do this, because he was made a member of the Blackfoot Nation and actively participated in War parties, raids, hunts, etc with his Tribe.

JW married a Blackfoot woman, Nahta'ki, and Hart Merriman Schultz, or Lone Wolf, was their only child.

JW went several times to Arizona, and finally built a cabin to relax and write in just outside of Greer, Arizona, near Scottsdale.  He called this Apiyuni Oyis, Or Butterfly Lodge, because of the many butterflies in the fields around the cabin.  Lone Wolf made frequent visits here, and some of his works may still be seen here, preserved by a society dedicated first to James Willard Schultz, but also to Lone Wolf, as his son.

Biography from the Archives of askART
Lone Wolf's periodical listings should include:

Name of the Publication: Montana, the Magazine of Western History
Date of the Publication (month/year): Winter 1972
Title of the article: Lone Wolf Returns to that Long-Ago Time
Author(s): Paul Dyck

Submitted by Sharon McGowan, Librarian, Frederic G Renner Library, Great Falls, Montana

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About  Lone Wolf

Born:  1882 - Blackfoot Reservation, Montana
Died:   1970 - Tucson, Arizona
Known for:  commercial art, painting, illustration

Essays referring to
Lone Wolf

Painters of Grand Canyon