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Caroline Helena (Wilkinson) Armington

 (1875 - 1939)
Caroline Helena (Wilkinson) Armington was active/lived in Manitoba, Ontario / France, Canada.  Caroline Armington is known for figure, architecture and landscape painting, etching.

Caroline Helena (Wilkinson) Armington

Biography from Roughton Galleries,Inc

Caroline Helena Armington

Caroline H. Armington was born in Brampton, Ontario on September 11, 1875 and died on October 25, 1939. She is considered an impressionist painter, watercolorist and engraver from the Canadian school.

Armington began her formal training in Paris at the Academie Julian where she would meet and marry fellow student, Frank Milton Armington (1876-1940). She is known for her paintings, engravings and watercolors depicting the streets Paris, quaint canals of Bruges-La-Morte and landscapes, which were all painted plein-aire.

Armington developed a very original style from her travels and studies in Europe. However, in her paintings the viewer can catch a glimpse and feel the influence that French Impressionists had on her atmospheric sun filled canvases.

Armington's etchings and engravings are completely different in style and approach. She produced numerous limited edition engravings of scenes in and around Paris and Bruges using a more of a traditional style than in her paintings. American and Canadian collectors of works on paper are still seeking after her engravings.

Armington exhibited several times in London and was invited to the Paris Salon of 1911, 1912 and later at the 1935 Salon d'Automne. Armington was a member of American Federation of Arts, Societe Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Societe de la Gravure Originale en Noir.


New York Public Library

Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Musee de Luxembourg, Paris

Petit Palais, Paris

British Museum, London

South Kensington Museum, London

National Gallery, Ottawa

Art Gallery, Toronto, Canada

Cincinnati Museum of Art, Ohio

Syracuse Museum, NY

Dayton Art Institute, Ohio

Bibliographie de Belgique, Brussels

Bibliotheque National, Paris

Musee Carnavalet, Paris

Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY

Boston Museum, Mass.

Des Moines Art Association


Who Was Who in American Art, Falk, pg. 18

E. Benezit, vol 1, pg.265

Biography from Luther College
Carolina Helena (Wilkinson) Armington was born September 11, 1875, in Brampton, Ontario, Canada.  She studied art in 1890 under J.W.L. Forster in Toronto where she met her future husband, the artist Frank Armington.  After 1892, she taught in Halifax and became a nursing student in Guelph, Ontario. In 1899, Armington worked as a nurse in New York at Miss Alston's Hospital.

From 1899-1900, Armington was a private nurse in Toronto. In 1900, she traveled to England and France, arriving finally in Paris where she married Frank Armington. In 1901, Armington relocated to Winnipeg where she began giving painting lessons. In 1905, Armington moved to Paris with her husband where she attended the Academie de la Grande Chaumiere. She also studied at Academie Julian, occasionally working as a private nurse to supplement their income. Armington started to etch scenes in Paris, eventually etching scenes in England, Germany, and Italy, specializing in architectural and landscape etchings.

The Armingtons visited Algeria and made etchings of landscapes they found in that location. During World War I, Armington worked for the American Ambulance unit in Paris as a nurse. In 1918, she was commissioned to execute etchings for the Canadian War Memorials portfolio. She also etched scenes of Paris protected by sandbags.

In 1920, Armington began making etchings of famous cathedrals in Chartres, Rheims, Amiens, Rouen, and Tours. She continued to receive commissions including a commission to etch the ocean liner, the Belgenland of the Red Star Line. Her first solo exhibition of paintings, entitled "Tableaux par Caroline Armington," was held in Paris in 1923. In 1924, she had an exhibition in New York at the Ralston Gallery followed by exhibits in several other venues including the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

Armington donated numerous etchings to institutions such as the Des Moines Association of Fine Arts (now the Des Moines Art Center), the Cleveland Museum of Art, and the Library of Congress during her career. She continued to travel widely with her husband and produce etchings as well as paintings. Together they exhibited throughout Europe, the United States and Canada. Their works are in many significant public collections such as the Metropolitan Museum of art, the National Gallery of Ottawa, and the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris. She died on October 25, 1939, in New York.

The etching by Armington in the Fine Arts Collection was donated by Jane Kemp in 2004. Entitled Pont de la Tournelle, it is a scene of the back of Notre Dame cathedral with a bridge in the foreground which she executed from various locations in a number of etchings. The bridge was later destroyed by the Paris authorities.

Ref: Armington, Caroline. Twelve Little Views of Paris. Paris: Bishop and Garrett, 1900; Braide, Janet and Nancy Parke-Taylor. Caroline and Frank Armington: Canadian Painter-Etchers in Paris. Brampton, Ontario: The Art Gallery of Peel, 1990; "Mrs. Armington, Etcher, Painter." Obituary. The New York Times, October 28, 1939; North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary. New York: Garland Publishing, 1995; Who Was Who in American Art. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1999.

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About  Caroline Helena (Wilkinson) Armington

Born:  1875 - Brampton, Ontario, Canada
Died:   1939 - New York City
Known for:  figure, architecture and landscape painting, etching

Essays referring to
Caroline Helena (Wilkinson) Armington

San Francisco Panama-Pacific Exhibition 1915