(1883 - 1970)
Erich Heckel was active/lived in Germany. Erich Heckel is known for Expressionist painting.
Heckel was born in 1883 in Dobeln, Saxony. He was influenced by Van Gogh and Edvard Munch and about 1907 began using bright colors and a violent style. He specialized in landscapes and nudes tinged by a certain melancholy. In 1910 his line began to be less rapid and more angular, while his color darkened.
In 1911 he went to live in Berlin where he painted grave, anxious, sometimes anguished figures that seem to belong to the world of Dostojevski. Heckel's meeting in 1912 with Lyonel Feininger, Franz Marc and August Macke led him to a greater concern with form and light.
After World War I, he moved toward a calmer style. His most engaging works are his engravings and the paintings of his Expressionist period. He died in 1970.
Written and compiled by Jean Ershler Schatz, artist and researcher from Laguna Woods, California.
Phaidon Encyclopedia of Art and Artists
Erich Heckel was born in 1883 in Döbeln and studied architecture before he dedicated himself to the fine arts. In 1905 Heckel initiated the ‘Brücke’ in Dresden along with Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and Fritz Bleyl (who quit in 1907) – a group of expressionist artists. Later the group was joined by Max Pechstein, Emil Nolde and Otto Mueller.
In 1913, the group dissolved and Erich Heckel presented his first solo exhibition at Gallery Fritz Gurlitt. In 1955 he took part in the first documenta in Kassel. Several major retrospectives were organized on the occasion of his 70th and 80th birthday.
Heckel has received numerous awards and honors, such as the Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1953, and the Order Pour le Mérite for Science and the Arts in 1967. Heckel died in 1970.