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Andreas Achenbach

 (1815 - 1910)
Andreas Achenbach was active/lived in California / Germany.  Andreas Achenbach is known for realist, romantic landscape painting, teaching.

Andreas Achenbach

Biography from the Archives of askART

Biography photo for Andreas Achenbach
Andreas Achenbach was a German landscape painter, associated with the Dusseldorf School of painting. Born at Kassel, he began his art education in 1827 in Dusseldorf under Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow at the Dusseldorf Academy of Painting*. He studied at St. Petersburg and traveled in Italy, Holland and Scandinavia.

In his early work he followed the pseudo-idealism of the German romantic school, but on removing to Munich in 1835, the stronger influence of Louis Gurlitt turned his talent into new channels, and he became the founder of the German realistic school. Although his landscapes evince too much of his aim at picture-making and lack personal temperament, he is a master of technique, and is historically important as a reformer.

He received a medal of the first class in Paris in 1855, and was named a Chevalier of the French Legion of Honor.

The Chambers Biographical Dictionary has written of him that "he was regarded as the father of 19th century German landscape painting."

A number of his finest works are to be found at the Berlin National Gallery, the New Pinakothek in Munich, and the galleries at Dresden, Darmstadt, Cologne, Düsseldorf, Leipzig and Hamburg. Many of his paintings are in galleries in the United States.

He died in Düsseldorf.

His brother, Oswald Achenbach (1827-1905), was also a painter.


* For more in-depth information about these terms and others, see Glossary


Biography from Auctionata
Andreas Achenbach (1815-1910) received his artistic training at the Academy of Art in Düsseldorf, where he attended, among others, the classes of Wilhelm von Schadow (1788-1862) and Heinrich Christoph Kolbe (1771-1836).  From 1832 to 1833 the young painter traveled to Rotterdam, Scheveningen, Amsterdam and Riga, where he intensively studied Dutch and Flemish landscape and marine painting.  This finally led to the artist’s decision to specialize in seascapes.

Around 1835, Achenbach moved from Düsseldorf to Munich and became a co-founder of German Realism.  In the following years the artist went on further study trips to Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Italy.  In 1846, he finally returned to Düsseldorf and joined the artist group ‘Künstlerverein Malkasten’.

Works by Andreas Achenbach are now in major collections such as the Neue Pinakothek in Munich, the Staatliche Kunsthalle in Karlsruhe and the Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin. (hth)

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About  Andreas Achenbach

Born:  1815 - Kassel, Germany
Died:   1910 - Dusseldorf, Germany
Known for:  realist, romantic landscape painting, teaching