(1848 - 1904)
Gustav Bauernfeind was active/lived in United States, Austria, Palestinian Territory, Occupied, Germany. Gustav Bauernfeind is known for Orientalist influenced painting, architecture, landscape.
Biography from the Archives of askART
Gustav Bauernfeind, born in Sulz am Neckar, 1848 and died in Jerusalem, 1904, was a German painter, illustrator and architect of Jewish origin. He is considered to be one of the most notable Orientalist painters of Germany.
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After completing his architectural studies at the Polytechnic Institute in Stuttgart, he worked in the architectural firm of Professor Wilhelm Bäumer and later in that of Adolph Gnauth, where he also learned painting. In his earlier paintings, Bauernfeind focused on local views of Germany, as well as motifs from Italy. During his journey to the Levant from 1880 to 1882, he became interested in the Orient and repeated his travels again and again. In 1896 he moved with his wife and son all the way to Palestine and subsequently settled in Jerusalem in 1898. He also lived and worked in Lebanon and Syria.
His work is characterized primarily by architectural views of Jerusalem and the Holy Land. The paintings of Bauernfeind are mostly meticulously crafted, intricately composed and almost photographically accurate cityscapes and images of known sanctuaries in oil. In addition, he produced landscape scenes and watercolours. During his lifetime he was the most popular Orientalist painter of Germany, but soon fell into oblivion after his death. However, since the early 1980s, Bauernfeind was gradually rediscovered, with his paintings appearing in the active marketplace.
At his birthplace in Sulz am Neckar, the life and work of the painter is commemorated by the Gustav Bauernfeind Museum with a large permanent exhibition.
"Gustav Bauernfeind", Wikipedia, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustav_Bauernfeind (Accessed 10/18/2013)
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