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Lewis Meakin

 (1850 - 1917)
Lewis Henry Meakin was active/lived in Ohio, Massachusetts / Germany.  Lewis Meakin is known for landscape, coastals scene and still life painting, etching.

Lewis Meakin

Biography from the Archives of askART

Born in Newcastle, England on 12 July 1850, Meakin enrolled in the McMicken School of Design at the University of Cincinnati under the watchful eye of Thomas S. Noble.  Urged on by the recommendations of the Cincinnati art community to study in Munich, Meakin followed that advice and celebrated his thirtieth birthday in Europe.  Here among his Cincinnati painter-colleagues, Meakin worked diligently for four years under Professors Ludwig Loefftz, Nikolaus Gysis, and Karl Raupp.  Painting in the plein air method and executing works in a variety of media, including etching, Meakin made frequent sojourns to picturesque spots such as Schließheim and Augsburg.  He may have urged J. Frank Currier to take up etching (Weimer, 1940, p. 459).  
After further independent study in Paris and other parts of Europe, the artist returned to Cincinnati where in 1887 he accepted a teaching position at his alma mater, which became known as the Art Academy of Cincinnati.  During 1893 to 1894 Meakin was back in France (Paris, Normandy, and Southern France).  He met Alfred Sisley at Moret-sur-Loing and worked in Normandy with William Lamb Picknell; he must have also seen Ernest Lawson, who was with Sisley at Moret at that time.  It is interesting how Meakin reported in 1893 that impressionism had influenced the Paris Salon and in America, the impressionist craze was "very much worse" than in France.  In his letters to Joseph Henry Gest, Meakin expresses his concern that the "excesses" in impressionism might have a detrimental effect. On the other hand, Meakin, according to Vitz (1989, p. 292), attempted to organize an exhibition of Claude Monet's paintings in the Cincinnati Art Museum in 1893. 

In 1896, when the Society of Western Artists was founded in Chicago, Meakin was a co-organizer and charter member — eventually, he became president and was affectionately known as the "father" of the group of painters in years to come.  Meakin was given a one-man show in 1898.  The painter became a frequent visitor to the coastal village of Camden, Maine, producing landscapes such as Camden Hills for which he was awarded a silver medal at the 1904 St. Louis Universal Exposition.  After several summers in Maine, Meakin arranged for a permanent studio. In this eastern summer recluse, he executed some of his finest works.  As an extremely prolific artist, Meakin prepared study sketches in different media — pastels and pencil sketches, in various degrees of finish.  Always, however, Meakin conveyed a subjective interpretation of a scene.  The artist's first efforts were moody tonalist renderings of nature and he never lost his predilection for a poetic evocation of nature, but like Twachtman, he came to apply a greater emphasis of impressionistic technique in his later years.  Meakin's art contains elements of impressionism to some degree: for instance, the trees in Eden Park cast multi-colored shadows and the entire foreground is a field of painterly freedom.  Throughout his oeuvre, Meakin demonstrated lively brushwork and a sunny disposition.  At times, however, he is closer to Picknell and the glare aesthetic (Salt Marsh, Cape Ann, 1891, in the collection of Mr. and Mrs. William C. Rybolt).

In describing Meakin's use of broken color, one interviewer related that "he feels that the application of color is purely a consideration of tones, playing against each other in varying keys." (Oliver, 1907, p. 4).  Among Meakin's notable credentials are membership in the National Academy, his years as an art instructor, and many awards.  At the Panama-Pacific International Exposition Meakin exhibited four paintings but as Richard Boyle (1974, p. 135) noted, Meakin was "an artist whose work is now virtually unheard of outside Cincinnati."  Meakin died in Boston, unexpectedly on the operating table, at the age of sixty-seven on 14 August 1917.

Cincinnati Art Museum. Special Exhibition: Paintings, Water Colors, Etchings, by Mr. L. H. Meakin. Exh. cat. Cincinnati, 1898; Oliver, Maude I.G. "Painter of the Middle West, L. H. Meakin." International Studio 33 (November 1907): III-XII; Neuhaus, Eugen. The Galleries of the Exposition. San Francisco: Paul Elder and Co., 1915, p. 73; Clark, Edna Maria. Ohio Art and Artists. Richmond, VA: Garrett and Massie, 1932, pp. 97, 99, 478; Weimer, Aloysius G. "The Munich Period in American Art." Diss., University of Michigan, 1940, pp. 458-461; Boyle, Richard J. American Impressionism. Boston: New York Graphic Society, 1974, pp. 135-136; Cincinnati Art Museum. Cincinnati Painters of the Nineteenth Century Represented in the Cincinnati Art Museum. The Golden Age. Cincinnati Art Museum, 1979, pp. 82-84; Gerdts, William H. American Impressionism. New York: Abbeville Press, 1984, pp. 218-220; Boyle, Richard J. Lewis Henry Meakin 1850-1917: An American Landscape Painter Rediscovered. Cincinnati Art Galleries, June 1987; Weber, Bruce and William H. Gerdts. In Nature's Ways: American Landscape Painting of the Late Nineteenth Century. West Palm Beach, FL: Norton Gallery of Art, 1987, cat. no. 46; Preato, Robert R., Sandra L. Langer and James D. Cox. Impressionism and Post-Impressionism: Transformations in the Modern American Mode.  New York: Grand Central Art Galleries, 1987, pp. 57-58; Vitz, Robert C. The Queen and the Arts: Cultural Life in Nineteenth-Century Cincinnati. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1989, pp. 237-243, 245, 247, 251, 255.

Submitted by Richard H. Love and Michael Preston Worley, Ph.D.

Biography from the Archives of askART
Born in Newcastle, Staffordshire, England on July 12, 1850, Lewis Meakin settled in Cincinnati, Ohio. He became a skilled painter of landscapes, especially of scenes along the Ohio River and the Canadian Rockies, and he also painted during the summers at Cape Ann and Gloucester, Massachusetts.

Fellow artist George Bellows called him "one of the best landscape painters in America" according to the "South Bend Tribune", 7/2/1989. According to Peter Falk in "Who Was Who in American Art", Meakin is regarded as an important Midwest landscape painter, often called the 'Father of Western Art' who began working in a tonalist manner, then moved toward Impressionism around the turn of the century".

Meakin's family were pottery makers and emigrated to Canada in 1860 and to Cincinnati in 1863 when Lewis was a child. He studied at the School of Design in Cincinnati with prominent Cincinnati artists Frank Duveneck and John Twachtmann, and later attended various schools in German, France, Holland, and Italy.

For forty years Meakin was a teacher at the Cincinnati Art Academy and was also Curator of the Cincinnati Museum.

Because he was a shy, reticent person, he did not receive a lot of overt attention for his painting. However, in 1987, the Cincinnati Museum, where he had been Curator of Painting, held a retrospective, the first formal exhibit of his painting in 70 years.

"South Bend Tribune", 7/2/1989 (Indiana)
Peter Falk, "Who Was Who in American Art"
Peggy and Harold Samuels, "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Artists of the American West"

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About  Lewis Meakin

Born:  1850 - Newcastle, Staffordshire, England
Died:   1917 - Boston, Massachusetts
Known for:  landscape, coastals scene and still life painting, etching